19 Post-Stalin Era: Nationalism, Culture, and Foreign Policy


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19 Post-Stalin Era: Nationalism, Culture, and Foreign Policy


Overview

  • Main Themes

  • Nationalities: From Fusion to Fission

  • Culture: Thaw, Repression, Dissent

  • Foreign Policy: Confrontation, Détente, Crisis

  • Conclusions



A. Main Themes

  • Nationality: neither integration nor suppression, denial and disintegration

  • Khrushchev’s thaw: concessions and conflict

  • Brezhnev era: repression and rise of dissent

  • Antireligious campaigns

  • Khrushchev’s USSR: confrontation



B. Nationalities: From Fusion to Fission



Central Asia: Two Worlds



C. Culture

  • Khrushchev: Concessions and Conflict

      • “Thaw”
      • Conflict and consternation
      • Antireligious campaign
  • Brezhnev: Repression and dissent

      • Repression
      • Dissidenty: Dissenters
      • Diversity of dissent


Moscow Youth Festival (1957)



Krokodil Satire: Soviet Hippies (1969)



Boris Pasternak



Elena Bonner and Andrei Sakharov



Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn



Vladimir Vysotskii Bard and Actor



Leaving the Village (1965 Painting)



D. Foreign Policy

  • Principal issues

  • Khrushchev era

      • Goals and strategy
      • Bloc politics
      • West: accommodation, competition, confrontation
  • Brezhnev era

      • Goals and strategy
      • Bloc politics: Czechs, Chinese, and Poles
      • Developing countries
      • Détente
      • Kabul and confrontation


Soviet Tanks in Budapest 1956



Budapest 1956



Mao, Stalin, Khrushchev



Khrushchev-Mao Negotiations 1959



“Good Morning, Africa!”



Prague 1968: Student Confronts Soviet Tank



Prague 1968: Students Exhort Soviet Soldiers to Leave



Afghanistan: Graveyard of Soviet Tanks



Soviet-Afghan War





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