After the defeat of the Spanish Armada in 1588, the British were free to explore and colonize the Eastern seaboard of America
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After the defeat of the Spanish Armada in 1588, the British were free to explore and colonize the Eastern seaboard of America.
2.) The second was a change in business practices known as the joint-stock company (a collection of investors who pool their money for large business ventures).
4.) The fourth was a sense of national Patriotism (love and devotion to one’s nation) and intrigue (curiosity) in the colonization of America.
5.) The final reason was after the Protestant Reformation and different events within England many people were looking for a place as a safe haven to worship their religion freely.
The British wanted to plant the first colonies in America as military outposts to attack Spanish shipping along the Spanish Maine.
Raleigh named the new land he claimed for England Virginia in honor of Queen Elizabeth I receiving the Virginia Charter to colonize the area.
In 1606 the Virginia Company of London was granted a charter by James I to colonize the area of Virginia.
During the colony’s first winter a member of the ruling council Captain John Smith was able to make an alliance with the local Powhattan Confederacy leader Opechancanel.
In the summer of 1610 the new governor of Jamestown, Thomas West (Lord De La Warr) arrived on the Providence to resupply the colony.
The success of Tobacco cultivation and advertisement of the colony in England, Jamestown became the first permanent English settlement in the New World.
To entice new settlers to come to Virginia the head of the company developed the headright system.
Three types of English colonies developed in America: Charter, Proprietary, and Royal.
The success of Jamestown and other British colonies led to four great migrations (to move to a new area) to America by the British.
Along the Eastern coastline three distinct colonial regions developed; New England, Middle, and Southern.
During the reign of Queen Elizabeth, the Puritans were a reform sect of the Anglican Church (Church of England) to “purify” it from Popery (Catholic like actions or teachings).
The Pilgrims were a group of separatist Puritans also known as Brownists (followers of Robert Browne) who isolated themselves on the Scooby Manor Plantation in England.
The Pilgrims traveled over the Atlantic Ocean on the Mayflower (another ship the Speedwell was ditched because it had a leak) with 121 people (most “strangers”) following John Smith’s “Map of New England” landing in Cape Cod Bay.
The first winter was terrible killing off most of the settlers due to scurvy (vitamin C deficiency) and other problems.
Squanto helped the Pilgrims make a peace treaty with the Wampanoag and taught the Pilgrims how to plant, cultivate, and harvest corn.
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