Aims of Lebensraum


Download 461 b.
Sana14.08.2018
Hajmi461 b.



Aims of Lebensraum

  • Aims of Lebensraum

  • Communists seen as a significant threat

  • Attack on USSR would stop territorial gains

  • Invasion started on June 22, 1941, massive blitzkrieg attack

  • In the north, Leningrad was besieged (see page 149)

  • In the south, Kiev was captured

  • German army outside of Moscow

  • Germans failed to take Leningrad and Moscow

  • Marshal Zhukov launched a counter-offensive and Moscow was saved



June 1942, Hitler made a massive offensive towards southern Russia and the oilfields of Caucasus

  • June 1942, Hitler made a massive offensive towards southern Russia and the oilfields of Caucasus

  • August the Germans reached Stalingrad and they had occupied most of the city by September

  • Soviets launched a counter-offensive, surrounding Germans in pincer movement

  • Here was the turning point of the war

  • 1943, German army is in retreat

  • 1944, Leningrad was liberated



See page 150-151



July 10, 1943 attack on Sicily began and within 6 weeks it was in control of Allies

  • July 10, 1943 attack on Sicily began and within 6 weeks it was in control of Allies

  • Mussolini’s successor, Marshal Pietro Badoglio, signed an armistice and brought Italy on side of the Allies

  • Rome not captured until June 1944



Fascism had ended in Italy

  • Fascism had ended in Italy

  • It tied down German divisions that were needed in Russia

  • Allies could not be accused by Stalin of leaving all of the fighting in Europe to the Soviets



Operation Overload began on June 6, 1944, known as D-Day

  • Operation Overload began on June 6, 1944, known as D-Day

  • The landings of 326,000 British, Canadian and American troops took place from sea and air on a stretch of beaches in Normandy, France

  • Within a month, a million men landed in Normandy

  • First months of 1945 saw the disintegration of Wehrmacht

  • The Allies crossed the Rhine in March 1945. Germany was being invaded on 2 fronts

  • May 7, Germany surrendered



By not committing Germany’s full military capacity to the invasion of Britain, Hitler allowed Britain to survive

  • By not committing Germany’s full military capacity to the invasion of Britain, Hitler allowed Britain to survive

  • The invasion of the Soviet Union was a huge mistake

  • See excerpt page 154

  • The entry of the USA allowed allies to defeat Italy, carry out bombing raids on Germany

  • Mussolini was a drain on Hitler’s resources



Russia producing better armaments by 1943

  • Russia producing better armaments by 1943

  • Centralized state economy proves effective for prolonged war

  • American war capacity 70,000 tanks and 120,000 aircraft a year

  • According to Overy, they turned their economic strength into effective fighting power



Many historians doubt that Blitzkreig was a well thought-out plan

  • Many historians doubt that Blitzkreig was a well thought-out plan

  • The Blitzkrieg allowed Hilter to achieve quick victories witheout too many causualities andlosss of resources

  • The speed and surprise did not allow other countriesto mobilize and prepare for total war



Operation Barbarossa exposed failures of Blitzkrieg

  • Operation Barbarossa exposed failures of Blitzkrieg

    • Which were? Make list.
    • From 1944, Allies had dominance of skies.


Britain was naval power and it was critical for it to maintain its travel routes

  • Britain was naval power and it was critical for it to maintain its travel routes

  • Sea warfare was about controlling supply lines

  • 1940-43 Germany and Britain fight to see who could control Atlantic

  • Hitler needed the U-boats to keep USA and Britain occupied



Allies eliminate U-boats as a threat b/c

  • Allies eliminate U-boats as a threat b/c

    • Use page 162, see bullet points and put in your own words.
    • By 1943, it was clear that the Allies won the war for Atlantic.
    • See graph on page 162.


Naval warfare palyed a key role in the course and outcome of WWII

  • Naval warfare palyed a key role in the course and outcome of WWII

  • Victory of the Allies in the Atlantic was vital

  • See page 163, What does Keegan write about the importance of naval war? Explain



WWII sees a more radical and independent use for aircraft in strategic bombing

  • WWII sees a more radical and independent use for aircraft in strategic bombing

  • This type of bombing focused on t destroying miltary and industrial infrastructre of a country

  • It was also directed against civilians



Area bombing is imposed by both sides

  • Area bombing is imposed by both sides

  • Look up area bombing and take definition

  • 40,000 people died in Hamburg

  • P-51B Mustang made bombing more deadly in 1944

  • Germanys respond in 1944 with V1, a pilotles flying bomb and the V2 ballistic missile see page 155

  • Non-effective b/c too late in war






Do'stlaringiz bilan baham:


Ma'lumotlar bazasi mualliflik huquqi bilan himoyalangan ©fayllar.org 2017
ma'muriyatiga murojaat qiling