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Legacoop Emilia Romagna. A union of cooperatives belonging to the Italian Cooperative Alliance.
The Italian Cooperative Movement
My talk today strongly reflects the very specific situation in the region. A regional SYSTEM that has supported and promoted the development of the social economy and the cooperative economy in particular. The social economy in Emilia Romagna developed because THERE IS AND CONTINUES TO BE a sharing of principles and values between the various stakeholders: politics (political parties) and government departments, workers' trade unions, civil society organizations (service sector) and cooperative representative associations.
A cooperative is an autonomous association of persons united voluntarily to meet their common economic, social, and cultural needs and aspirations through a jointly-owned and democratically controlled enterprise
Cooperatives are based on values of
One person, one vote
When a COMMUNITY adopts shared VALUES, it is possible to support and develop the social economy.
Set up in the mid-1970s, giving rise to a phenomenon that was enshrined in 1991 by Law 381. Article 1 defines their identity: “Social co-operative societies shall pursue the general interests of the community in human promotionand in the citizens’ social integration by managing social, health and educational services or carrying out diverse activities - agricultural, industrial, commercial or service activities - whose purpose is the employment of disadvantaged people” http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cooperativa_sociale
Manage social, health, educational and care services though the work of workers (almost all members) who have appropriate professional qualifications (care workers and educators in particular) and are constantly trained and regularly paid through a social cooperative employment contract.
The first type of social cooperatives develop because they guarantee the public more economic and higher quality services than government-managed services.
Carry out activities different from the first type of co-ops, particularly in agriculture, industry, business or service sectors, activities aimed at providing employment for disadvantaged people.
The second type of social cooperatives developed to guarantee disadvantaged people social integration through work within or outside the cooperative
The first young social cooperative members were supported by STRONG IDEOLOGICAL AND POLITICAL MOTIVATIONS AND POLICIES (closure of mental hospitals, affirmation of the rights of the disabled, drug adducts and the poor, affirmation of social work as real work)
Political and ideological motivations have partly been replaced by organizational, productive and managerial skills: more entrepreneural efficiency and quality and less passion
SIMONE FABBRI COORDINATOR OF THE AGENCY COOPERARE CON LIBERATERRA HAS CONTRIBUTED TO THIS PART OF THE REPORT
After an initial state of commitment and spontaneity, the Libera Association and the cooperatives that were set up were supported by the Legacoop system and in particular Unipol insurance and consumers' cooperatives.
Strong ideological motivation of young people. Many volunteers and WILLINGNESS TO WORK
Generations. Association of young cooperators www.generazioni.coop
REGION OF EMILIA ROMAGNA A new approach to welfare: generating experiences. http://sociale.regione.emilia-romagna.it/documentazione/pubblicazioni/ricerche-e-statistiche/ricerca-welfare.pdf
The social economy can be a viable alternative to a STATE ECONOMY model and a NEOLIBERAL MODEL if there is a collective commitment that STEMS FROM THE PEOPLE and affects political choices and decisions
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