Alberto Alberani


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Alberto Alberani

  • Alberto Alberani

  • President of Legacoopsociali Emilia Romagna

  • Stages of the operation

    • Cooperation in Emilia Romagna-Social Cooperatives. Numbers
    • Why has cooperation developed? Elements of success-limits
    • Recent successful cases. Social cooperatives sponsored by Libera
    • Future challenges (farecoop, mutuality, environment)


Legacoop Emilia Romagna. A union of cooperatives belonging to the Italian Cooperative Alliance.

  • Legacoop Emilia Romagna. A union of cooperatives belonging to the Italian Cooperative Alliance.

    • represents member cooperatives, particularly with public institutions and the other major economic and social stakeholders
    • offers services to its members, ranging from tax assistance to labour law and FINANCIAL SUPPORT
    • promotes new cooperatives in various sectors
    • promotes cooperative values and identity
    • develops financial integration between cooperatives and the local area and between individual cooperatives
    • supervises member cooperatives on behalf of the Ministry of Labour


The Italian Cooperative Movement

  • The Italian Cooperative Movement

  • Cooperatives in Italy are represented by three main organizations recognized by the law:

    • AGCI
    • CONFCOOPERATIVE
    • LEGACOOP
  • 43,000 cooperatives are members of these associations.

  • The production value of the cooperatives members of these associations is 127 Billion €, around 7% of the Italian GDP.

  • More than 1.1 million employees (6% of the population)

  • 45.5% women employed.

  • 11.5% of the enterprises with more than 1000 employees are cooperatives.







My talk today strongly reflects the very specific situation in the region. A regional SYSTEM that has supported and promoted the development of the social economy and the cooperative economy in particular. The social economy in Emilia Romagna developed because THERE IS AND CONTINUES TO BE a sharing of principles and values between the various stakeholders: politics (political parties) and government departments, workers' trade unions, civil society organizations (service sector) and cooperative representative associations.

  • My talk today strongly reflects the very specific situation in the region. A regional SYSTEM that has supported and promoted the development of the social economy and the cooperative economy in particular. The social economy in Emilia Romagna developed because THERE IS AND CONTINUES TO BE a sharing of principles and values between the various stakeholders: politics (political parties) and government departments, workers' trade unions, civil society organizations (service sector) and cooperative representative associations.

  • More than anything else it came about because the PUBLIC SHARE THE BELIEF (which is currently slightly challenged) THAT "WE" IS MORE IMPORTANT THAN "I"



A cooperative is an autonomous association of persons united voluntarily to meet their common economic, social, and cultural needs and aspirations through a jointly-owned and democratically controlled enterprise

  • A cooperative is an autonomous association of persons united voluntarily to meet their common economic, social, and cultural needs and aspirations through a jointly-owned and democratically controlled enterprise



Cooperatives are based on values of

  • Cooperatives are based on values of

  • mutuality

  • self-responsibility

  • democracy

  • equality

  • fairness and solidarity

  • According to the traditions of their founders, cooperative members believe in ethical values of

  • honesty

  • social transparency

  • caring for others.



One person, one vote

  • One person, one vote

  • Open door

  • Economic contribution of members

  • Non-distribution of profits

  • Indivisibility of reserves

  • Intergenerational equity

  • Real companies

  • With budgetary, tax and employment obligations

  • Governed by a Statute and Regulations

  • Controlled by consistent principles and values



When a COMMUNITY adopts shared VALUES, it is possible to support and develop the social economy.

  • When a COMMUNITY adopts shared VALUES, it is possible to support and develop the social economy.

  • Other elements of success

    • Economic development comes about when there is social cohesion between the public
    • Support of cooperative associations
    • Cooperative passion and willingness to work by members


Set up in the mid-1970s, giving rise to a phenomenon that was enshrined in 1991 by Law 381. Article 1 defines their identity: “Social co-operative societies shall pursue the general interests of the community in human promotionand in the citizens’ social integration by managing social, health and educational services or carrying out diverse activities - agricultural, industrial, commercial or service activities - whose purpose is the employment of disadvantaged people” http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cooperativa_sociale

  • Set up in the mid-1970s, giving rise to a phenomenon that was enshrined in 1991 by Law 381. Article 1 defines their identity: “Social co-operative societies shall pursue the general interests of the community in human promotionand in the citizens’ social integration by managing social, health and educational services or carrying out diverse activities - agricultural, industrial, commercial or service activities - whose purpose is the employment of disadvantaged people” http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cooperativa_sociale



Manage social, health, educational and care services though the work of workers (almost all members) who have appropriate professional qualifications (care workers and educators in particular) and are constantly trained and regularly paid through a social cooperative employment contract.

  • Manage social, health, educational and care services though the work of workers (almost all members) who have appropriate professional qualifications (care workers and educators in particular) and are constantly trained and regularly paid through a social cooperative employment contract.

  • Services are mainly aimed at the elderly, disabled, children in need, early childhood, mental health and dependency.

  • They operate in residential or semi-residential facilities, at home in leisure time or..."on the road"



The first type of social cooperatives develop because they guarantee the public more economic and higher quality services than government-managed services.

  • The first type of social cooperatives develop because they guarantee the public more economic and higher quality services than government-managed services.

  • They are mainly funded by government departments through contributions deducted from taxes.

  • They developed in the late 1970s in response to changing social needs. Social cooperatives propose and offer INNOVATION and new services



Carry out activities different from the first type of co-ops, particularly in agriculture, industry, business or service sectors, activities aimed at providing employment for disadvantaged people.

  • Carry out activities different from the first type of co-ops, particularly in agriculture, industry, business or service sectors, activities aimed at providing employment for disadvantaged people.

  • The following people are considered disadvantaged:

    • those with physical, mental and sensory disabilities,
    • individuals receiving psychiatric treatment,
    • drug addicts,
    • alcoholics,
    • children of working age in difficult family situations,
    • prisoners subject to measures other than detention
  • At least 30% of the WORKERS must be disadvantaged people.



The second type of social cooperatives developed to guarantee disadvantaged people social integration through work within or outside the cooperative

  • The second type of social cooperatives developed to guarantee disadvantaged people social integration through work within or outside the cooperative

  • They operate within "normal" markets (agriculture, services, industry, tourism, etc)

  • They are distinctively Italian in combining genuine productive work with solidarity



The first young social cooperative members were supported by STRONG IDEOLOGICAL AND POLITICAL MOTIVATIONS AND POLICIES (closure of mental hospitals, affirmation of the rights of the disabled, drug adducts and the poor, affirmation of social work as real work)

  • The first young social cooperative members were supported by STRONG IDEOLOGICAL AND POLITICAL MOTIVATIONS AND POLICIES (closure of mental hospitals, affirmation of the rights of the disabled, drug adducts and the poor, affirmation of social work as real work)

  • Many young people are supported by CATHOLIC RELIGIOUS BELIEFS

  • They are supported and backed by cooperative associations, particularly Confcooperative and Legacoop, by the union, by government departments and by trade unions



Political and ideological motivations have partly been replaced by organizational, productive and managerial skills: more entrepreneural efficiency and quality and less passion

  • Political and ideological motivations have partly been replaced by organizational, productive and managerial skills: more entrepreneural efficiency and quality and less passion

  • Each year, hundreds of social cooperatives are still set up throughout Italy and it is the most important growth sector in the field of cooperatives











    • Excessive dependency on AP
    • Low profitability and little capital
    • National collective labour contract
    • Fragmentary and self-referential


SIMONE FABBRI COORDINATOR OF THE AGENCY COOPERARE CON LIBERATERRA HAS CONTRIBUTED TO THIS PART OF THE REPORT

  • SIMONE FABBRI COORDINATOR OF THE AGENCY COOPERARE CON LIBERATERRA HAS CONTRIBUTED TO THIS PART OF THE REPORT

  • A criminal phenomenon known as the Mafia is present in Italy, particularly in the south.

  • The Italian state and citizens of southern Italy struggle against this criminal power every day.

  • One of the tools of opposition is the SEIZURE OF PROPERTY FROM MAFIOSI WHEN THEY ARE ARRESTED.

  • There are 11,000 confiscated properties in Italy. More than half have been handed over to town councils, which assign them to service sector organizations (social economy)

  • The Libera Association http://www.libera.it sponsored the Liberaterra project, which sets out to support the development of cooperatives set up by young people who UNDERTAKE TO COMBAT THE MAFIA BY MANAGING PRODUCTIVE ACTIVITIES IN A COOPERATIVE MANNER



After an initial state of commitment and spontaneity, the Libera Association and the cooperatives that were set up were supported by the Legacoop system and in particular Unipol insurance and consumers' cooperatives.

  • After an initial state of commitment and spontaneity, the Libera Association and the cooperatives that were set up were supported by the Legacoop system and in particular Unipol insurance and consumers' cooperatives.

  • Nowadays Libera cooperative products are sold in major supermarkets













Strong ideological motivation of young people. Many volunteers and WILLINGNESS TO WORK

  • Strong ideological motivation of young people. Many volunteers and WILLINGNESS TO WORK

  • Support of various local stakeholders

  • Joint support of entrepreneurs (Unipol, coops, etc.)

  • Consistency and development cooperative values



Generations. Association of young cooperators www.generazioni.coop

  • Generations. Association of young cooperators www.generazioni.coop

  • Farecooperativa

  • http://www.farecooperativa.it/

  • FareMutua www.faremutua.it



REGION OF EMILIA ROMAGNA A new approach to welfare: generating experiences. http://sociale.regione.emilia-romagna.it/documentazione/pubblicazioni/ricerche-e-statistiche/ricerca-welfare.pdf

  • REGION OF EMILIA ROMAGNA A new approach to welfare: generating experiences. http://sociale.regione.emilia-romagna.it/documentazione/pubblicazioni/ricerche-e-statistiche/ricerca-welfare.pdf

  • Research was conducted to understand the social economic value of the social economy in Emilia Romagna



The social economy can be a viable alternative to a STATE ECONOMY model and a NEOLIBERAL MODEL if there is a collective commitment that STEMS FROM THE PEOPLE and affects political choices and decisions

  • The social economy can be a viable alternative to a STATE ECONOMY model and a NEOLIBERAL MODEL if there is a collective commitment that STEMS FROM THE PEOPLE and affects political choices and decisions

  • It is an impossible mission but can be achieved if it is built every day WITH CONSISTENT BEHAVIOUR AND daily actions



514 accreditation (intergroup)

  • 514 accreditation (intergroup)

    • Elderly
    • Disabled
  • Babies

  • Children

  • Mental health

  • Drug and alcohol dependency

  • Prisons

  • Health (rehabilitation, patient transport, etc.)

  • Type b





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