Animals whose embryos display


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ANIMALS REVIEW Chapters 33 & 34




Animals whose embryos display

  • Animals whose embryos display

  • indeterminate radial cleavage and in

  • which the embryonic blastopore

  • becomes the ANUS



Animals whose embryos display

  • Animals whose embryos display

  • determinate spiral cleavage and in

  • which the embryonic blastopore

  • becomes the MOUTH



Name the 3 kinds of nitrogen waste that can be excreted by animals.

  • Name the 3 kinds of nitrogen waste that can be excreted by animals.



If you remove cells from an early _____________ embryo the remaining cells can still make the whole organism. Deuterostome Protostome

  • If you remove cells from an early _____________ embryo the remaining cells can still make the whole organism. Deuterostome Protostome



Body cavity (space) formed within the mesoderm that surrounds the internal organs ___________________

  • Body cavity (space) formed within the mesoderm that surrounds the internal organs ___________________



Type of coelom in which there

  • Type of coelom in which there

  • is NO space and mesoderm

  • fills the area between ectoderm ___________________

  • and endoderm

  • Type of coelom in which mesoderm

  • is found lining the outside body wall

  • and surrounding the gut __________________

  • Type of coelom in which mesoderm

  • lines the outside body wall but is

  • NOT found around the gut __________________



  • Outside body covering in an animal

  • (like skin, scales, feathers, fur)

  • Embryonic layer of cells that gives rise

  • to muscles, interior body linings, and most internal organs between the digestive tube and outer covering

  • _____________



In some animals the ____________ in the embryo becomes the anus and in others it becomes the mouth

  • In some animals the ____________ in the embryo becomes the anus and in others it becomes the mouth

  • One of three layers of cells in an embryo from which specific organ systems develop = _________



The young of animals that show ___________ development start out as an immature larva and undergo metamorphosis to become adults .

  • The young of animals that show ___________ development start out as an immature larva and undergo metamorphosis to become adults .



NAME THIS TYPE OF CLEAVAGE

  • NAME THIS TYPE OF CLEAVAGE

  • What do we call organisms with this type of cleavage?

  • Protostomes Deuterostomes



NAME THE TYPE OF COELOM

  • NAME THE TYPE OF COELOM



NAME THIS TYPE OF CLEAVAGE

  • NAME THIS TYPE OF CLEAVAGE

  • What do we call organisms with this type of cleavage?

  • Protostomes Deuterostomes



What is the advantage of having a true eucoelom?

  • What is the advantage of having a true eucoelom?



Another name for “cold blooded”

  • Another name for “cold blooded”



I am a vertebrate deuterostome, with internal fertilization, external development in an amniotic egg, lungs, 3-chambered heart, 2 loop circulatory system. Who am I?

  • I am a vertebrate deuterostome, with internal fertilization, external development in an amniotic egg, lungs, 3-chambered heart, 2 loop circulatory system. Who am I?



PROTOSTOME? DEUTEROSTOME?

  • PROTOSTOME? DEUTEROSTOME?

  • Indeterminate radial cleavage ______________________

  • Determinate spiral cleavage _______________________

  • Blastopore becomes mouth _____________________

  • Blastopore becomes anus ______________________

  • Can’t make identical twins _______________________

  • Can make identical twins _______________________



PROTOSTOME? DEUTEROSTOME?

  • PROTOSTOME? DEUTEROSTOME?

  • Includes all vertebrates plus echinoderms ____________________

  • Includes all triploblastic invertebrates except echinoderms ____________________

  • The process in which the blastopore moves inward in the blastula and the embryonic germ layers form



In most bilaterally symmetrical invertebrates (like mollusks, worms, & arthropods) the blastopore becomes the ________

  • In most bilaterally symmetrical invertebrates (like mollusks, worms, & arthropods) the blastopore becomes the ________

  • anus mouth



Type of symmetry seen in jellyfish and adult starfish in which dividing the animal in several directions can produce equal halves. Asymmetry radial bilateral

  • Type of symmetry seen in jellyfish and adult starfish in which dividing the animal in several directions can produce equal halves. Asymmetry radial bilateral



Slicing this mouse down the middle results in halves that are mirror images. This kind of symmetry is called _____________

  • Slicing this mouse down the middle results in halves that are mirror images. This kind of symmetry is called _____________



No matter which

  • No matter which

  • way you slice this

  • animal, you never

  • get 2 equal halves.

  • It has ________



The young of animals that show _________ development start out looking like the adults only smaller.

  • The young of animals that show _________ development start out looking like the adults only smaller.



This hollow ball of cells that forms in animal embryos is called a

  • This hollow ball of cells that forms in animal embryos is called a

  • _____________



Rigid covering on the outside of

  • Rigid covering on the outside of

  • an animals body that acts as a

  • skeleton



Egg laying mammals are called _____________

  • Egg laying mammals are called _____________



Name one way DEUTEROSTOMES are different from PROTOSTOMES

  • Name one way DEUTEROSTOMES are different from PROTOSTOMES



Why are starfish considered to be BILATERIANS if they have radial symmetry?

  • Why are starfish considered to be BILATERIANS if they have radial symmetry?



Based on molecular similarities, which is

  • Based on molecular similarities, which is

  • the group of triploblastic INVERTEBRATES in which the blastopore becomes the anus?



All METAZOANS are ____________

  • All METAZOANS are ____________



Give some common examples of coelomate protostomes

  • Give some common examples of coelomate protostomes



All coelomates can be divided into TWO groups based on how their embryos develop. Name these two.

  • All coelomates can be divided into TWO groups based on how their embryos develop. Name these two.

  • Give some characteristics unique to the echinoderms





Humans show ________ fertilization.

  • Humans show ________ fertilization.

  • external internal



In a(n) ______ circulatory system blood circulates throughout the body inside blood vessels

  • In a(n) ______ circulatory system blood circulates throughout the body inside blood vessels



Which of the forms of nitrogen waste excreted by animals is MOST TOXIC and requires the most water to dilute?

  • Which of the forms of nitrogen waste excreted by animals is MOST TOXIC and requires the most water to dilute?



Name one of the functions of a coelom

  • Name one of the functions of a coelom



Which vertebrates are amniotes?

  • Which vertebrates are amniotes?



Innermost germ layer that lines the digestive tract and gives rise to organs derived from it like liver and lungs

  • Innermost germ layer that lines the digestive tract and gives rise to organs derived from it like liver and lungs



Mammals like a kangaroo whose babies spend time in a pouch are called ____________

  • Mammals like a kangaroo whose babies spend time in a pouch are called ____________



Type of reproduction in which one parent copies itself without exchanging genetic material with a partner.

  • Type of reproduction in which one parent copies itself without exchanging genetic material with a partner.



___________ have an exoskeleton,

  • ___________ have an exoskeleton,

  • jointed appendages, and open circulation



Another name for warm blooded

  • Another name for warm blooded



Which vertebrate groups are

  • Which vertebrate groups are

  • ectothermic?



I am a single-celled extremophile, living in

  • I am a single-celled extremophile, living in

  • high temperature or high salinity

  • environments. Who am I?



I am a vertebrate deuterostome, with internal

  • I am a vertebrate deuterostome, with internal

  • fertilization, external development in an

  • amniotic egg, lungs, and a 4-chambered heart,

  • Who am I?



I am a segmented coelomate, with jointed



I am/have single-celled, heterotroph,

  • I am/have single-celled, heterotroph,

  • peptidoglycan cell wall, circular DNA but

  • no nuclear envelope, reproduce by binary

  • fission. Who am I?



I am a multicellular heterotroph, with no



I am bilaterally symmetrical, an invertebrate

  • I am bilaterally symmetrical, an invertebrate

  • protostome, with 3 germ tissue layers,

  • an acoelomate, with a <2 opening digestive system. Who am I?



I am a photosynthetic, unicellular, silica cell wall, eukaryotic algae, most common type of phytoplankton and a major oxygen producer, Who am I?

  • I am a photosynthetic, unicellular, silica cell wall, eukaryotic algae, most common type of phytoplankton and a major oxygen producer, Who am I?



I am a segmented coelomate, with 2 body segments, 8 legs,and a chitinous exoskeleton, book lungs, and Malpighian tubules. Who am I?

  • I am a segmented coelomate, with 2 body segments, 8 legs,and a chitinous exoskeleton, book lungs, and Malpighian tubules. Who am I?



I am an invertebrate protostome with

  • I am an invertebrate protostome with

  • radial symmetry, both polyp and medusa

  • phases, and stinging nematocysts.

  • Who am I?



I am a vertebrate deuterstome, with internal fertilization, internal development , fur, mammary glands, and a 4-chambered heart, Who am I?

  • I am a vertebrate deuterstome, with internal fertilization, internal development , fur, mammary glands, and a 4-chambered heart, Who am I?



I am a vertebrate deuterstome, with internal fertilization, internal development but must be completed externally in pouch, lungs, and a

  • I am a vertebrate deuterstome, with internal fertilization, internal development but must be completed externally in pouch, lungs, and a

  • 4-chambered heart, who am I?



Why is segmentation important?

  • Why is segmentation important?



What are the two forms of shape seen in Cnidarians?

  • What are the two forms of shape seen in Cnidarians?



Which membrane stores nitrogen waste and is involved in gas exchange in an amniotic egg?

  • Which membrane stores nitrogen waste and is involved in gas exchange in an amniotic egg?



How are cnidarian medusa and polyp forms different?

  • How are cnidarian medusa and polyp forms different?



What are some unique characteristics common to the cnidarians?

  • What are some unique characteristics common to the cnidarians?



Tell some characteristics of arthropods

  • Tell some characteristics of arthropods



Which kinds of animals display this kind of reproduction?

  • Which kinds of animals display this kind of reproduction?



Tell some characteristics of birds

  • Tell some characteristics of birds



Which kinds of animals display this kind of reproduction?

  • Which kinds of animals display this kind of reproduction?



The membrane that surrounds the developing embryo in an amniotic egg

  • The membrane that surrounds the developing embryo in an amniotic egg



Outer membrane that surrounds all the other membranes in an amniotic egg

  • Outer membrane that surrounds all the other membranes in an amniotic egg



Tell some characteristics of bony fish

  • Tell some characteristics of bony fish



Give some characteristics of annelids

  • Give some characteristics of annelids



Which kinds of animals display this kind of reproduction?

  • Which kinds of animals display this kind of reproduction?



Which membrane surrounds the developing embryo and the fluid in which it floats in an amniotic egg?

  • Which membrane surrounds the developing embryo and the fluid in which it floats in an amniotic egg?



Type of reproduction in which young develop from unfertilized eggs

  • Type of reproduction in which young develop from unfertilized eggs



Which kingdom is polyphyletic and contains the widest array of organisms?

  • Which kingdom is polyphyletic and contains the widest array of organisms?



THE END

  • THE END




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