Are determined by physical geography features such as landforms, climate, vegetation. Are determined by physical geography features such as landforms, climate, vegetation


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Are determined by physical geography features such as landforms, climate, vegetation.

  • Are determined by physical geography features such as landforms, climate, vegetation.



The 4 natural regions of Texas are:

  • The 4 natural regions of Texas are:

  • North Central Plains

  • Coastal Plains

    • This region is along the Gulf of Mexico
  • Great Plains

    • Mostly the northern part of the state or the Panhandle
  • Mountains and Basins

    • West Texas where the Mountains are.




Each Natural Region of Texas is divided into smaller subregions. There are 11 in all

  • Each Natural Region of Texas is divided into smaller subregions. There are 11 in all



The largest of all the four regions.

  • The largest of all the four regions.

  • Makes up nearly 1/3 of Texas

  • 2/3rds of all Texans live in the Coastal Plains

  • Industries include oil, natural gas, and seafood.

  • Cities in the Coastal Plains:

    • Dallas
    • Austin
    • Houston
    • San Antonio


Piney Woods

  • Piney Woods

  • Post Oak Belt

  • Gulf Coastal Plain

  • Blackland Prairie

  • South Texas Plain



A Pine forest that stretches from the Louisiana border west 125 miles.

  • A Pine forest that stretches from the Louisiana border west 125 miles.

  • North-East Texas

  • It is the rainiest portion of the state. 45-60 inches

  • Important due to its Timber Industry.



An area of oak, hickory, and other trees, with a scattering of prairie grasses

  • An area of oak, hickory, and other trees, with a scattering of prairie grasses

  • Just east of Dallas includes the city of Austin



Very narrow but long in Central Texas, it is mostly flat and with small trees.

  • Very narrow but long in Central Texas, it is mostly flat and with small trees.

  • Dallas is located in this subregion



An area that follows the coast of the Gulf of Mexico and inland about 30-60 miles

  • An area that follows the coast of the Gulf of Mexico and inland about 30-60 miles



South of San Antonio to the Mexican border.

  • South of San Antonio to the Mexican border.

  • An area 270 miles long and 250 miles wide.

  • The climate is warm year round.



The North Central Plains is an area of plains covered by small oak trees, brush, and scattered grasses.

  • The North Central Plains is an area of plains covered by small oak trees, brush, and scattered grasses.

  • The Region gets higher in elevation and dryer the farther the west you go

  • Cities:

  • -Ft. Worth

  • -Abilene

  • -Wichita Falls



Grand Prairie

  • Grand Prairie

  • Rolling Plains

  • Cross Timbers



West-Central Texas.

  • West-Central Texas.

  • The vegetation consists mostly of tall grasses and scattered trees.



Divided into Eastern and Western parts as it wraps around the Grand Prairie

  • Divided into Eastern and Western parts as it wraps around the Grand Prairie

  • Soil allows it to grow trees such as oaks, hickories, pecans, and elms.

  • Ft. Worth is in this Subregion



This area is largely a steppe. A vast treeless plain.

  • This area is largely a steppe. A vast treeless plain.

  • Elevation of the region varies from 900 feet in the east to 2,000 feet in the west

  • Abilene is in this subregion.



The Great Plains lies in the northern and central part of the state.

  • The Great Plains lies in the northern and central part of the state.

  • It includes the panhandle and the hill country (near Austin)

  • Cities:

    • Amarillo
    • Lubbock
    • Odessa
    • Midland


Llano Basin

  • Llano Basin

  • Edwards Plateau

  • High Plains



Lies in almost the center of Texas.

  • Lies in almost the center of Texas.

  • Known as the hill country because of its huge granite hills. Just west of Austin



Southern part of the Great Plains

  • Southern part of the Great Plains

  • The Edwards Aquifer supplies water for much of the area.



Also called the Llano Estacado or the panhandle of Texas

  • Also called the Llano Estacado or the panhandle of Texas

  • One of the flattest areas in the world

  • Large farming area



PALO DURO CANYON

  • PALO DURO CANYON





Mountains and Basins Region

  • Mountains and Basins Region

  • Has NO SUBREGIONS

  • Has highest point of Texas, Guadalupe Peak at 8,749 feet.

  • Cities:

  • El Paso



Tall mountains separated by large basins and valleys.

  • Tall mountains separated by large basins and valleys.

  • Trees grow in the mountains. Cactus, shrubs, and short grasses grow in the basins and valleys.

  • Very little rain.





An escarpment is a transition between different geographic regions.

  • An escarpment is a transition between different geographic regions.

  • -Usually a steep elevation increase, like a cliff or steep slope.



Balcones Escarpment is a geologic fault zone several miles wide between the Coastal and Great Plains

  • Balcones Escarpment is a geologic fault zone several miles wide between the Coastal and Great Plains



The Caprock Escarpment is a geographical transition point in Texas between the High Plains to the west and the North Central Plains to the east.

  • The Caprock Escarpment is a geographical transition point in Texas between the High Plains to the west and the North Central Plains to the east.




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