Bertrand russell


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BERTRAND RUSSELL


Bertrand Arthur William Russell, 3rd Earl Russell British philosopher, historian, logician, mathematician, pacifist, anti-war activist, and anti-imperialist.

  • He wrote the essay “On Denoting" and was co-author (with Alfred North Whitehead) of Principia Mathematica, an attempt to ground mathematics on the laws of logic. Both works have had a considerable influence on logic, mathematics,set theory,linguistics and analytic philosophy.



ANCESTRY

  • The Russells had been prominent in Britain for several centuries.

  • His paternal grandfather John Russell, 1st Earl Russell, had twice been asked by Queen Victoria to form a government, serving her as Prime Minister in the 1840s and 1860s.

  • Russell's parents were quite radical for their times. Both were early advocates of birth control at a time when this was considered scandalous.

  • John Stuart Mill, the Utilitarian philosopher, stood as Russell's godfather. Mill died the following year, but his writings had a great effect upon Russell's life.



LATER LIFE AND MARRIAGES

  • His mother and his sister died when he was 2-years old.

  • His father died when he was only 4 years old.

  • He grew up in the care of his grandparents.

  • He had a scholarship and came under the influence of Alfred North Whitehead.

  • He married high-minded Alys when he was 22. After this marriage, he married also three different women.

  • He had 3 children, John, Katharine, and Conrad.



  • Russell spent the 1950s and 1960s engaged in various political causes, primarily related to nuclear disarmament and opposing the Vietnam war.

  • The 1955 Russell-Einstein Manifesto was a document calling for nuclear disarmament.

  • Russell is generally considered as being one of the founders of analytic philosophy.

  • Russell had great influence on modern mathematical logic.

  • He discovered a paradox,known as Russell’s Paradox.

  • He developed Theory of types.

  • Theory of types and much of his work had influence on computer science and information technology.

  • Russell's last significant work in mathematics and logic, Introduction to Mathematical Philosophy, was written by hand while he was in jail for his anti-war activities during World War I.



  • In 1949, he is awarded by the Order of Merit . By the following year he was awarded Nobel Prize in Literature.

  • One day, Russell said he didn't feel well and remained in bed. He died of influenza before the doctor arrived.



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