BS, Food and Nutrition and ms human Nutrition
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BS, Food and Nutrition and MS Human Nutrition (Food Biotechnology and Molecular Nutrition)
What is the Mechanism of Action of Probiotics, D-Mannose, and Cranberry? We know they work, but how do they work?
Audience will be able to:
U.S. adult population. Over 40% used supplements in 1988–1994, and over 50% in 2003–2006
As defined by Congress in the: Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act (DSHEA), which became law in 1994, a dietary supplement is a product (other than tobacco) that
The Federal Government regulates dietary supplements through the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). The regulations for dietary supplements are not the same as those for prescription or over-the-counter drugs. In general, the regulations for dietary supplements are less strict.
Human GI tract is sterile at birth, microflora develops after birth
Microorganisms that reside on and inside humans outnumber somatic cells
Probiotic bacteria are defined as : “live microorganisms which when administered in adequate amounts confer a health benefit on the host”
Separation of single tumor cells from primary tumor
Probiotics play a role in gene expression!!!!!
Probiotics can decrease intestinal permeability which has been implicated in autoimmune disorders such as
Works with the lungs, skin, and intestines to excrete wastes to maintain homeostasis in the body.
“Bacterial adherence to the uroepithelium is recognized as an important mechanism in the initiation and pathogenesis of urinary tract infections (UTI). The uropathogens originate predominantly in the intestinal tract and initially colonize the periurethral region and ascend into the bladder, resulting in symptomatic or asymptomatic bacteriuria.”
d-Mannose is the end product of the digestion of various polysaccharides and glycoproteins found in the diet.
Dietary Supplements, nutraceuticals, and functional foods fall under DSHEA and are regulated by the federal government with more lenient standards.
Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act of 1994. U.S. Food and Drug Administration Web site. Accessed at http://www.fda.gov/RegulatoryInformation/Legislation/ on November 24, 2012.
Radimer K, Bindewald B, Hughes J, Ervin B, Swanson C, Picciano MF. Dietary supplement use by US adults: data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999-2000. Am J Epidemiol. 2004;60(4):339-49.
Millen AE, Dodd KW, Subar AF. Use of vitamin, mineral, nonvitamin, and nonmineral supplements in the United States: The 1987, 1992, and 2000. National Health Interview Survey results. J Am Diet Assoc. 2004;104(6):942-50.
D-Mannose for UTI Pain Relief, Treatment, and Prevention. Integrative Health Review A Resource from the National University System Center for Integrative Health. Assessed at http://www.integrativehealthreview.com/eating-nutrition/d-mannose-the-simple-sugar-that-prevents-and-can-cure-urinary-tract-infections/. December 01, 2012.
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