Bw define cw – Notes on post-imperial China


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BW Define

  • BW Define

  • CW – Notes on post-imperial China

  • CW 2 – You have how many names? (Key People)

  • HW – Timeline

  • QOTD – You ain’t got no legs Lt. Dan

  • -Forest Gump




A New Power

  • A New Power

  • Kuomintang—Nationalist Party of China—calls for modernization

  • Sun Yixian (Sun Yat-sen) —first great leader of Nationalist Party



In 1912, the Nationalist Party (or the Kuomintang) overthrew the Qing Dynasty and took control of China.

  • In 1912, the Nationalist Party (or the Kuomintang) overthrew the Qing Dynasty and took control of China.



The Nationalists were led by Sun Yat-sen, and later Chiang Kai-shek.

  • The Nationalists were led by Sun Yat-sen, and later Chiang Kai-shek.



In 1912, Sun takes control as president

  • In 1912, Sun takes control as president

  • Backs three principles: nationalism, democracy, economic security

  • No national agreement on rule; civil war breaks out in 1916

  • Many peasants opposed Nationalists, believing that they were corrupt.





China enters war against Germany hoping to gain land held by Germans

  • China enters war against Germany hoping to gain land held by Germans

  • Treaty of Versailles gives German colonies in China to Japan

  • May 4, 1919, angry students protest this agreement - May Fourth Movement—spreads across China

  • Many young nationalists turn against Sun Yixian



Mao Zedong—helps form Chinese Communist Party in 1921



Jiang Jieshi—Nationalist leader after Sun dies—opposes communism

  • Jiang Jieshi—Nationalist leader after Sun dies—opposes communism

  • Peasants see no gain for them in Jiang’s plans

  • Supported the opposing Communist Party, led by Mao Zedong.





In 1927, Nationalists kill Communists, unionists in Shanghai

  • In 1927, Nationalists kill Communists, unionists in Shanghai

  • In 1928, Jiang becomes president; Communists resist his rule

  • This led to the Chinese Civil War (1927 – 1949), between the Nationalists and the Communists.





By 1930, civil war rages; Mao recruits a peasant, guerrilla army

  • By 1930, civil war rages; Mao recruits a peasant, guerrilla army

  • In 1933, Jiang’s huge army surrounds outnumbered Communists

  • Long March—Communists’ 6,000-mile journey to safety in north

  • Of 100,000 Communists, 7,000 or 8,000 survive the march



Civil War Suspended

  • Civil War Suspended

  • Seeing chaos in China, Japan launches all-out invasion in 1937

  • Nationalists and Communists join together to fight Japan





By 1949, the Communists won the Chinese Civil War and formed the People’s Republic of China.

  • By 1949, the Communists won the Chinese Civil War and formed the People’s Republic of China.



A major reason the Communists were successful was because they had the support of the peasants after promising them land.

  • A major reason the Communists were successful was because they had the support of the peasants after promising them land.



Meanwhile, the Nationalists fled to the island of Taiwan and created the Republic of China.

  • Meanwhile, the Nationalists fled to the island of Taiwan and created the Republic of China.




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