Cambodia Angkor Wat Cambodia


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Cambodia

  • Angkor Wat




Cambodia

  • Angkor: old kingdom (7th-13th centuries)

  • Capital city: Phnom Penn

  • Religion: Hinduism (7th-12th centuries), Mahayana Buddhism (12th-14th centuries); Theravada Buddhism (15th-present)

  • Khmer ethnic

  • Mon-Khmer language



Hinduism

  • Polytheistic religion (worship many gods and goddesses)

  • Goal is to achieve moksa--by praying, worshipping (darsana) and giving offering to gods

  • Each god has a female companion and rides on vehicle such as bull (Nandi), lion, goose; each holds some attributes (Siva: tridents and Vishnu: conch shell and wheel)



Triad

  • Brahma-God of Creator

  • Vishnu-God of Preserver (has many incarnations such as Rama and Krishna)

  • Shiva-God of Destroyer (also the protector of animals)

  • Devi-goddess (e.g., Laksmi (“Good Fortune”) and Parvati); symbolizing beauty, benevolent, and wealth as well as power and wrath





Angkor Wat

  • King Suryavarman II (c. 1112-1150 CE)

  • Hindu temple, facing West (direction of death), associates with Vishnu

  • It symbolizes the center of the universe, Mount Meru

  • The moat symbolizes the oceans surrounding the earth

  • The succession of concentric galleries represent the mountain ranges that surround Mount Meru

  • The towers (Gopura) represent the mountain’s peaks

  • It was converted to Theravada temple in the 15th century





Plan

  • Square shape with cruciform cloister

  • Enter on the West side through the causeway

  • Made of sandstone; foundation was made of laterite

  • Upper level carries five towers and surrounding galleries

  • The summit is enclosed by continuous gallery (60m square); the center shrine tower is 42m high.













































Interior















The Churning of the Sea of Milk












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