Certain types of rock music that share characteristics


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Certain types of rock music that share characteristics

  • Certain types of rock music that share characteristics

  • Often from a particular time period or location





Group of beats

  • Group of beats

  • Number of beats in a measure is determined by the time signature (aka meter)

    • In popular music, usually 4


In Classical music, accent on first and third beat of every bar

  • In Classical music, accent on first and third beat of every bar

  • 1 2 3 4

  • In blues, jazz, and most rock, accent is on the backbeat = second and fourth beats

  • 1 2 3 4



Accent on beat, or backbeat?

  • Accent on beat, or backbeat?

  • Style beat

    • Underlying rhythmic pulse that is common in particular musical styles
      • Two beat (marches, fox trot, country, honky tonk)
      • Four beat (swing jazz, funk)
      • Eight beat
        • Even = rock beat
        • Uneven = shuffle
  • Tempo



Syncopation - accents of melody displaced from normal metrical pattern

  • Syncopation - accents of melody displaced from normal metrical pattern

    • If I could stick my pen in my heart
    • 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4
    • And spill it all over the stage
    • 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4
    • Would it satisfy ya, would it slide on by ya
    • 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4
    • Would you think the boy is strange? Ain't he stra-a-nge?
    • 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4


Texture

  • Texture

    • Thick
    • Thin?
    • Medium?
  • Does the texture change at some point in the piece?

  • End-weighting

    • Texture builds throughout
    • Increases tension or momentum


Dominant musical line

  • Dominant musical line

  • In popular music, usually the vocal line

  • Contains main musical ideas of piece

    • Motive = short, distinct figure
    • Riff = motive with a distinct rhythm that repeats throughout piece
    • Hook – text phrase or musical idea that “grabs you” – repeated frequently
  • Range- distance between highest and lowest note



Sounds that provide support for a melody

  • Sounds that provide support for a melody

  • Chord - simultaneous sounding of 3 or more notes

  • Most common in pop music = triad

  • Harmonic progression – sequence of chords that define the key



Scale upon which the piece is built

  • Scale upon which the piece is built

  • Pattern of half and whole steps

  • Important notes: tonic (1st) and dominant (5th)

  • Melodies frequently return to the tonic



I - tonic - built on the first note of the scale

  • I - tonic - built on the first note of the scale

  • VI

  • IV - subdominant - built on the fourth

  • V - dominant - built on the fifth

  • I



Structure of a song or piece

  • Structure of a song or piece

  • Basic principles - repetition and contrast

  • Articulated by

    • Lyrics
    • Addition or subtraction of elements = changes in texture
    • Alteration of other elements


Verse and refrain

  • Verse and refrain

  • Refrain frame: verse and refrain, but refrain occurs first

  • AABA = pop song form

  • 12-bar blues



Many (not all) blues lyrics aab

  • Many (not all) blues lyrics aab

  • (a) Mean old levee, taught me to weep and moan

  • (a) Mean old levee, taught me to weep and moan

  • (b) Its got what it takes to make a mountain man leave his home



Phrase 1 (a): I I I I

  • Phrase 1 (a): I I I I

  • Phrase 2 (a): IV IV I I

  • Phrase 3 (b) V IV I I



Fast or slow harmonic rhythm

  • Fast or slow harmonic rhythm

    • Rate at which harmonies change
    • Fast - different chord every measure, or on every beat
    • Slow - Chord held for several measures before change


E

  • E

  • If I could stick my pen in my heart

  • I would spill it all over the stage

  • Would it satisfy ya, would it slide on by ya,

  • Would you think the boy is strange?

  • A G E

  • Ain't he stra-a-nge?



A E

  • A E

  • I said I know... it's only rock and roll, but I like it

  • A

  • I know... it's only rock and roll,

  • E D A E

  • but I like it, like it, yes I do

  • A E A

  • Oh well I like it I like it I like it

  • D A

  • I said can't you see

  • D A E

  • that this old boy has been a-lonely



Performing style

  • Performing style

    • Blues influenced?
    • Gospel?
    • Pop?
    • Country?


Backbeat?

  • Backbeat?

  • Style beat?

  • Tempo?

  • Riffs/hooks?

  • Syncopation?

  • Stylistic influences?

  • Instrumentation?

  • Harmonic rhythm?

  • Texture?

  • Form?



Jim Dandy to the rescue (x3)

    • Jim Dandy to the rescue (x3)
    • Go Jim Dandy
    • Jim Dandy on a mountain top/ 30,000 feet to drop
    • He's got a lady on a runaway horse/ Uh huh, that's right, of course


Now if you love me please don't tease If I can hold then let me squeeze My heart goes round and round My love comes a tumblin' down You leave me ahhhhhhh Breathless Ah!

  • Now if you love me please don't tease If I can hold then let me squeeze My heart goes round and round My love comes a tumblin' down You leave me ahhhhhhh Breathless Ah!



Instrumentation

  • Instrumentation

    • Melody instrument
    • Rhythm instrument
    • Chording instrument
    • Bass instrument
    • Other: strings, horns, auxiliary percussion


Drums and percussion—the heart of the rhythm section

  • Drums and percussion—the heart of the rhythm section

    • Establish the tempo and meter
    • Establish the "feel" of a song




Provides link between rhythm and harmony

  • Provides link between rhythm and harmony

    • Articulates important notes of chords
    • Reinforces rhythm of drums, rhythm guitar
    • If song based on riff, usually in bass


Lead guitar

  • Lead guitar

    • Doubles melody line
    • Provides countermelody and fills
    • Solos
  • Rhythm guitar

    • Provides full chords in rhythmic alignment with the drums and bass = chording instrument
    • Frequently enhances snare drum part



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