Compare and Contrast these pictures. What do these pictures tell you about the different physiogeographic regions of Georgia?


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Compare and Contrast these pictures. What do these pictures tell you about the different physiogeographic regions of Georgia?

  • Compare and Contrast these pictures. What do these pictures tell you about the different physiogeographic regions of Georgia?



Physiogeographic

  • Physiogeographic

  • Region

  • Precipitation

  • Wetland

  • Barrier Island

  • Continental Shelf

  • Fall Line



Appalachian Plateau

  • Appalachian Plateau

  • Ridge and Valley

  • Blue Ridge

  • Piedmont

  • Coastal Plain

  • The characteristics of each region make unique contributions to our state.



Our smallest physiogeographic region

  • Our smallest physiogeographic region

  • From Lookout Mt. to Sand Mt. with ridges of limestone & a long narrow valley in between

  • Soil of limestone, shale & sandstone = hardwoods and pastureland

  • Our only significant coal deposits.

  • Economy: tourism and forestry



Lower elevation than Appalachian Plateau

  • Lower elevation than Appalachian Plateau

  • Low open valleys and narrow ridges

  • Soil good for forests, pastures, and crops such as grain and apples

  • Industry includes textiles and carpet (Dalton, GA. is the carpet capital of the world)



Highest mts. in the state including Brasstown Bald- Georgia’s highest point.

  • Highest mts. in the state including Brasstown Bald- Georgia’s highest point.

  • Sandy loam and clay soil good for hardwoods, vegetable farming and apples

  • Beginning of Appalachian Trail, home to Amicalola Falls, Tallulah Gorge, and Helen, GA

  • Highest percent of rainfall is in the Blue Ridge





Begins in the mountain foothills of N. Georgia and goes to the central part of the state.

  • Begins in the mountain foothills of N. Georgia and goes to the central part of the state.

  • Most of Georgia’s population live in the Piedmont region.

  • Granite based foundation (What’s our largest granite outcropping?)

  • Soil is sandy loam and red clay suitable for growing hardwoods, pine, and agriculture.

  • Cotton belt before the Civil War, now wheat, soybeans, corn, poultry, and cattle.

  • Some of the most densely populated cities and crossed by Chattahoochee, Flint, Ocmulgee, and Oconee rivers.







Good supply of underground water

  • Good supply of underground water

  • Major agricultural region: Vidalia Onions, peanuts, pecans, and corn

  • Why do you think President Jimmy Carter was known as “The Peanut Farmer from Georgia” during his campaign?



Soil not good for agriculture but trees provide naval stores and pulp production

  • Soil not good for agriculture but trees provide naval stores and pulp production

  • Deep harbors and barrier islands also provide for tourism/recreation, fishing industry, and ports for importing/exporting goods.

  • Location of the earliest visits by explorers, first forts for protection, and Georgia’s first settlements.





Okefenokee Swamp:

  • Okefenokee Swamp:

    • Covers 681 square miles making it the largest freshwater swamp in North America


Salt Marshes:

  • Salt Marshes:

  • A marsh at low tide. The same marsh at high tide.



Barrier islands protect the mainland from wind, sand, and water that cause erosion.

  • Barrier islands protect the mainland from wind, sand, and water that cause erosion.

  • Georgia has 18 barrier islands.

  • These islands are tourist destinations but 2/3 of the land remains wilderness sanctuaries.

  • During colonial times grew indigo and rice



Continental Shelf:

  • Continental Shelf:

  • The Fall Line:

    • Where hilly land meets the coastal plain
    • Runs from Columbus through Macon to Augusta
    • Prevented exploration but provided for settlements


Chattahoochee River: Borders Georgia and Alabama. Mainly used as a water source for millions of Georgians. It also is used for industry and recreational purposes.

  • Chattahoochee River: Borders Georgia and Alabama. Mainly used as a water source for millions of Georgians. It also is used for industry and recreational purposes.

  • Savannah River: Borders Georgia and South Carolina. The river is navigable between Savannah and Augusta. The river is used for shipping, a source of drinking water, and to cool off two nuclear power plants, and to generate hydroelectric power.





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