Complex events


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PEOPLE

  • PEOPLE

  • COMMUNITY

  • COMPLEX EVENTS





Transforms information and experience gained from a disaster into knowledge, best practices, and new tech-nology to help a stricken community become disaster resilient.

  • Transforms information and experience gained from a disaster into knowledge, best practices, and new tech-nology to help a stricken community become disaster resilient.



Identify the gaps in community capacity in the four critical elements of the solution: Preparedness, Protection, Response, and Recovery.

  • Identify the gaps in community capacity in the four critical elements of the solution: Preparedness, Protection, Response, and Recovery.

  • Concentrate resources on filling the perceived gaps in Preparedness, Protection, Response, and Recovery, and start creating turning points for change.



PREPAREDNESS (READY FOR ANY COMPLEX EVENT)

  • PREPAREDNESS (READY FOR ANY COMPLEX EVENT)

  • PROTECTION (BUILD ESSENTIAL AND CRITICAL FACILITIES TO WITHSTAND)



RESPONSE (SAVING LIVES, AND ENSURING CONTINUITY)

  • RESPONSE (SAVING LIVES, AND ENSURING CONTINUITY)

  • RECOVERY (BOUNCING BACK QUICKLY AND RESUMING LIFE AGAIN)



Intensifies efforts to protect essential (schools) and critical (hospitals, dams, transportation, systems, and power plants) facilities.

  • Intensifies efforts to protect essential (schools) and critical (hospitals, dams, transportation, systems, and power plants) facilities.















FIRE

  • FIRE

  • HOT GASES AND SMOKE

  • HOT SPOTS

  • BURNED OUT SLOPES (with increased susceptibility to insect infestation, erosion, and landslides)



HIGH WINDS



In 2010, Florida had the driest July to December on record, and parts of Florida had their driest winter months in 2011 in nearly 80 years.

  • In 2010, Florida had the driest July to December on record, and parts of Florida had their driest winter months in 2011 in nearly 80 years.



The absence in 2010 of the usual number of tropical storm systems that make landfall in Florida left the land dry and low water tables, two factors that increased the likelihood of wildfires, and, along with high winds, exacerbated risk..

  • The absence in 2010 of the usual number of tropical storm systems that make landfall in Florida left the land dry and low water tables, two factors that increased the likelihood of wildfires, and, along with high winds, exacerbated risk..





Billowing smoke caused by a wildfire in the Texas Panhandle near Borger, Texas, Sunday, March 12, 2006.

  • Billowing smoke caused by a wildfire in the Texas Panhandle near Borger, Texas, Sunday, March 12, 2006.



Flames reach heights of 20-30 feet as a wildfire rages on Sunday, March 12, 2006 near Borger, Texas.

  • Flames reach heights of 20-30 feet as a wildfire rages on Sunday, March 12, 2006 near Borger, Texas.



Fire fighters from 25 states joined together in a joint effort to bring a dozen fires under control.

  • Fire fighters from 25 states joined together in a joint effort to bring a dozen fires under control.



Hot, windy conditions and low humidity, combined with withered shrubs and grasses caused by the drought, made fire fighting more dangerous than usual.

  • Hot, windy conditions and low humidity, combined with withered shrubs and grasses caused by the drought, made fire fighting more dangerous than usual.



Air tankers usually used to douse massive fires like these could not be flown because of wind gusts of 66 to 60 kph (40 to 50 mph) on some days.

  • Air tankers usually used to douse massive fires like these could not be flown because of wind gusts of 66 to 60 kph (40 to 50 mph) on some days.





More than 1,900 people from seven counties were evacuated.

  • More than 1,900 people from seven counties were evacuated.



Fires at the Possum Kingdom Lake, the latest area to be impacted by wildfires, have encroached to within about 130 km (70 mi) of the Fort Worth side of the Dallas-Fort Worth metropolitan area.

  • Fires at the Possum Kingdom Lake, the latest area to be impacted by wildfires, have encroached to within about 130 km (70 mi) of the Fort Worth side of the Dallas-Fort Worth metropolitan area.



Texas called for help from other states because the fire, one of several across Texas, had burned 1 million acres of land in a little more than a week, was now threatened the Dallas-Fort Worth area.

  • Texas called for help from other states because the fire, one of several across Texas, had burned 1 million acres of land in a little more than a week, was now threatened the Dallas-Fort Worth area.











  • Exacerbated by high temperatures, high winds, and recent drought, more than 1.2 million acres were burned.

  • Some of Arizona’s eleven wildfires that burned over one-half million acres, may have been started by illegal immigrants.





About 10,000 Arizonans were forced to evacuate their homes as wildfires consumed large parts of the state.

  • About 10,000 Arizonans were forced to evacuate their homes as wildfires consumed large parts of the state.

  • Some people refused to evacuate.





About 1,000 firefighters from across the USA were on the lines, and hundreds of state and local police and others were simultaneously facilitating evacuation and meeting the needs of the people.

  • About 1,000 firefighters from across the USA were on the lines, and hundreds of state and local police and others were simultaneously facilitating evacuation and meeting the needs of the people.





Winds of 30 mph that gusted to 50 mph on the ridges hindered firefighting from the air as well as on the ground, increasing the time needed to achieve significant containment.

  • Winds of 30 mph that gusted to 50 mph on the ridges hindered firefighting from the air as well as on the ground, increasing the time needed to achieve significant containment.











  • In addition to the continuing drought conditions, the fires were exacerbated by heat, high winds and low relative humidity from Tropical Storm Lee.



Texas Intrastate Fire Mutual Aid System (TIFMAS) strike teams were mobilized.

  • Texas Intrastate Fire Mutual Aid System (TIFMAS) strike teams were mobilized.

  • National Guard Blackhawk helicopters were made available.

  • Heavy air tankers from South Dakota and California were sent.











FORECASTS OF WEATHER CONDITIONS

  • FORECASTS OF WEATHER CONDITIONS

  • MONITORING TECHNOLOGIES (E.G., REMOTE SENSING, TEMPERATURE, HUMIDITY, WINDS)

  • WARNING SYSTEMS

  • EVACUATION








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