Controlled Logging in Kalimantan Group 1


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Controlled Logging in Kalimantan

  • Group 1

  • Leader: Leonard

  • Secretary: Le Min

  • IT in-charge: Jun Xiang

  • Presenter: Kian Eng


What is logging?

  • Logging took off first in Malaysian Borneo, then in Indonesian Kalimantan. Both countries saw a similar boom and bust cycle driven by government subsidies of roads and processing facilities and easy credit. Illegal logging was widespread in both countries.

  • Logging is actually referring to the cutting of trees in order to sell the timber for profit.



History of Kalimantan

  • Kalimantan occupies 2/3 of the island of Borneo. The other 1/3 is being occupied by 2 other countries which is known as Malaysia and Brunei Darussalam.

  • Malaysian states of Sabah and Sarawak occupy northeastern portion of Borneo.

  • Brunei Darussalam is between Sabah and Sarawak.

  • Kalimantan : 539460km²

  • Rich in natural resources



Logging in West Kalimantan

  • Average of 1656km² of forest is estimated to be lost annually through logging.

  • West Kalimantan – exports processed wood

  • Central Kalimantan – exports log, sawn timber and rattan

  • South Kalimantan – exports sawn timber, plywood, blackboard, processed wood, moulding and rattan.

  • East Kalimantan – exports plywood, sawn timber, veneer and chips.



Illegal logging

  • Legal timber harvesting affects 700,000-850,000 hectares of forest per year in Indonesia.

  • Widespread illegal logging boosts the overall logged area to at least 1.2-1.4 million hectares and possibly much higher.

  • In 2004, Environment Minister Nabiel Makarim said that 75 percent of logging in Indonesia is illegal.

  • Despite an official ban on the export of raw logs from Indonesia, timber is regularly smuggled to Malaysia, Singapore, and other Asian countries.

  • By some estimates, Indonesia is losing around $1 billion a year in tax revenue from the illicit trade.

  • Illegal cutting is also hurting legitimate timber-harvesting businesses by reducing the supply of logs available for processing, and undercutting international prices for wood and wood products.



Types of activity and purpose for protection against illegal logging and forest clearing



Controlled logging

  • It is recommended by the MOF to minimize the effects of logging

  • Involves the careful management of forests through measures such as law enforcement, education and research programs.

  • To enforce laws effectively, the MOF imposed and enforced severe penalties, such as fines and imprisonment against offences such as illegal logging.

  • MOF also targeted its education and research programs at the timber companies.

  • Selective cutting has been encouraged as a sustainable method of logging.

  • Only commercially valuable trees are identified and logged.

  • This way, other trees in forested areas remain undisturbed. Thus, this method can control logging in Kalimantan.



Credits Leader: Leonard Secretary: Le Min IT in-charge: Jun Xiang Presenter: Kian Eng 




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