Donato Bramante Donato Bramante Birth name Donato di Pascuccio d'Antonio Born


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Donato Bramante

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Donato Bramante



Donato Bramante

Donato Bramante



Birth name Donato di Pascuccio d'Antonio

Born

1444Fermignano, Italy



Died

11 April 1514 (Aged about 70)Rome



Nationality Italian

Field

Architecture, Painting



Movement

High Renaissance



Works

San Pietro in Montorio

Christ at the column

Donato Bramante (1444 – 11 March 1514) was an Italian architect, who introduced the Early Renaissance style to

Milan and the High Renaissance style to Rome, where his most famous design was St. Peter's Basilica.



Urbino and Milan

Bramante was born in Monte Asdrualdo (now Fermignano), under name Donato di Pascuccio d'Antonio, near

Urbino: here, in 1467 Luciano Laurana was adding to the Palazzo Ducale an arcaded courtyard and other features

that seemed to have the true ring of a reborn antiquity to Federico da Montefeltro's ducal palace.

Bramante's architecture has eclipsed his painting skills: he knew the painters Melozzo da Forlì and Piero della

Francesca well, who were interested in the rules of perspective and illusionistic features in Mantegna's painting.

Around 1474, Bramante moved to Milan, a city with a deep Gothic architectural tradition, and built several churches

in the new Antique style. The Duke, Ludovico Sforza, made him virtually his court architect, beginning in 1476,

with commissions that culminated in the famous trompe-l'oeil choir of the church of Santa Maria presso San Satiro

(1482–1486). Space was limited, and Bramante made a theatrical apse in bas-relief, combining the painterly arts of

perspective with Roman details. There is an octagonal sacristy, surmounted by a dome.

In Milan, Bramante also built the tribune of Santa Maria delle Grazie (1492–99); other early works include the

cloisters of Sant'Ambrogio, Milan (1497–1498), and some other constructions in Pavia and possibly Legnano.

However, in 1499, with his Sforza patron driven from Milan by an invading French army, Bramante made his way to

Rome, where he was already known to the powerful Cardinal Riario.


Donato Bramante

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Career in Rome

In Rome, he was soon recognized in Cardinal Della Rovere, shortly to become Pope Julius II. For Ferdinand of

Aragon and Isabella of Castile or possibly Julius II, Bramante designed one of the most harmonious buildings of the

Renaissance: the Tempietto (1510) of San Pietro in Montorio on the Janiculum. Despite its small scale, the

construction has all the rigorous proportions and symmetry of Classical structures, surrounded by slender Doric

columns, surmounted by a dome. According to a later engraving by Sebastiano Serlio, Bramante planned to set it

within a colonnaded courtyard. In November 1503, Julius engaged Bramante for the construction of the grandest

European architectural commission of the 16th century, the complete rebuilding of St Peter's Basilica. The

cornerstone of the first of the great piers of the crossing was laid with ceremony on 17 April 1506. Very few

drawings by Bramante survive, though some by his assistants do, demonstrating the extent of the team which had

been assembled. Bramante's vision for St Peter's, a centralized Greek cross plan that symbolized sublime perfection

for him and his generation (compare Santa Maria della Consolazione, Todi, influenced by Bramante's work) was

fundamentally altered by the extension of the nave after his death in 1514. Bramante's plan envisaged four great

chapels filling the corner spaces between the equal transepts, each one capped with a smaller dome surrounding the

great dome over the crossing. So Bramante's original plan was very much more Romano-Byzantine in its forms than

the basilica that was actually built. (See St Peter's Basilica for further details.) Bramante also worked on several

other commissions. Among his earliest works in Rome, before the Basilica's construction was under way, is the

cloister (1500–1504) of Santa Maria della Pace near Piazza Navona. The handsome proportions give an air of great

simplicity.

 -

A draft for St Peter's superimposed over a plan of the ancient basilica



 -

Bramante's final plan



Donato Bramante

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 -



The dome, as planned by Bramante

Principal architectural works

• Santa Maria presso San Satiro Milan, ca. 1482–1486

• Santa Maria delle Grazie (cloister and apse); Milan, 1492–1498

• Palazzo Caprini (also called: 'House of Raphael'), Rome, started in 1512 (non-extant)

• San Pietro in Montorio (also called the Tempietto); Rome, 1502

• Santa Maria della Pace (cloister); Rome, 1504

• St. Peter's Basilica, Rome, Design 1503, ground breaking, 1506

• Cortile del Belvedere, Vatican City, Rome, 1506.



References

• ACKERMAN, James. The Cortile del Belvedere. (London, 1964).

• BRUSCHI, Arnaldo. Bramante (London, 1977).

• EVANS, Robin. The Projective Cast: Architecture and Its Three Geometries (Cambridge, MA, 1995).

• FROMMEL, Christoph Luitpold. Die Romische Palastbau der Hochrenaissance (Tübingen, 1973).

• FROMMEL, Christoph Luitpold. The Architecture of the Italian Renaissance (lLondon, 2007).

• LOTZ, Wolfgang. Architecture in Italy 1500-1600 (London, 1996).

• HEYDENREICH, Ludwig H. Architecture in Italy 1400-1500 (London, 1996)

• THOENES, Christof. Sostegno e Adornamento (Milan, 1998).

• FORTUNATO, Giuseppe." The role of architectural representation for the analysis of the built. The 3d survey of

San Pietro in Montorio's temple in Rome", atti del "X Congreso Internacional expresiòn gràphica aplicada a la

edificacìon, Alicante,Editorial Marfil", S.A., 2010. I.S.B.N.: 978-84-268-1528-6

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External links

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Donato.


Article Sources and Contributors

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Article Sources and Contributors



Donato Bramante  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?oldid=429829482  Contributors: Alessandro57, Amandajm, Angr, Anna Lincoln, Attilios, Ayla, Bhadani, Bill Thayer, Bonifore,

Borgx, Brosi, Buaco, Caravaggisti, Chickenmonkey, CommonsDelinker, D6, DarkFalls, Dart evader, Der Golem, Doulos Christos, Firkranir, FoekeNoppert, Ghirlandajo, GoingBatty, Grenavitar,

Ian Spackman, J JMesserly, J.delanoy, JForget, JohnOwens, Jpbowen, Kummi, L'Aquatique, Larth Rasnal, Leondumontfollower, Liftarn, Little Mountain 5, Little Savage, Maccoinnich, Mag2k,

Meddlin' Pedant, Nekura, Opie, Panairjdde, PaulVIF, Philip Trueman, PietVA, Polylerus, Rich Farmbrough, Rienzo, Satanovski, SchuminWeb, Shizhao, Someguy1221, Sry85, Taegerran, The

history nut, Wars, Wetman, Wizardman, Yaaaa44, Yekrats, Zannah, Zazpi, Zoicon5, 126 anonymous edits

Image Sources, Licenses and Contributors

File:Donato Bramante.jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Donato_Bramante.jpg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: FoekeNoppert, G.dallorto, Miaow Miaow,

TomAlt, 1 anonymous edits



Image:Sheet with Bramante's first plans.jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Sheet_with_Bramante's_first_plans.jpg  License: Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike

3.0  Contributors: Donato Bramante



Image:SaintPierre.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:SaintPierre.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: SaintPierre4.JPG: derivative work: Malyszkz (talk)

Image:Roma S.Pietro in Vaticano (zzf).jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Roma_S.Pietro_in_Vaticano_(zzf).jpg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Original

uploader was Etienne (Li) at it.wikipedia



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Document Outline

  • Donato Bramante
    • Urbino and Milan
    • Career in Rome
    • Principal architectural works
    • References
    • External links
  • License



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