Donato Bramante Donato Bramante Birth name Donato di Pascuccio d'Antonio Born
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Birth name Donato di Pascuccio d'Antonio
11 April 1514 (Aged about 70)Rome
San Pietro in Montorio
Christ at the column
Milan and the High Renaissance style to Rome, where his most famous design was St. Peter's Basilica.
Urbino and Milan
Bramante was born in Monte Asdrualdo (now Fermignano), under name Donato di Pascuccio d'Antonio, near
Urbino: here, in 1467 Luciano Laurana was adding to the Palazzo Ducale an arcaded courtyard and other features
that seemed to have the true ring of a reborn antiquity to Federico da Montefeltro's ducal palace.
Bramante's architecture has eclipsed his painting skills: he knew the painters Melozzo da Forlì and Piero della
Francesca well, who were interested in the rules of perspective and illusionistic features in Mantegna's painting.
Around 1474, Bramante moved to Milan, a city with a deep Gothic architectural tradition, and built several churches
in the new Antique style. The Duke, Ludovico Sforza, made him virtually his court architect, beginning in 1476,
with commissions that culminated in the famous trompe-l'oeil choir of the church of Santa Maria presso San Satiro
(1482–1486). Space was limited, and Bramante made a theatrical apse in bas-relief, combining the painterly arts of
perspective with Roman details. There is an octagonal sacristy, surmounted by a dome.
In Milan, Bramante also built the tribune of Santa Maria delle Grazie (1492–99); other early works include the
cloisters of Sant'Ambrogio, Milan (1497–1498), and some other constructions in Pavia and possibly Legnano.
However, in 1499, with his Sforza patron driven from Milan by an invading French army, Bramante made his way to
Rome, where he was already known to the powerful Cardinal Riario.
In Rome, he was soon recognized in Cardinal Della Rovere, shortly to become Pope Julius II. For Ferdinand of
Aragon and Isabella of Castile or possibly Julius II, Bramante designed one of the most harmonious buildings of the
Renaissance: the Tempietto (1510) of San Pietro in Montorio on the Janiculum. Despite its small scale, the
construction has all the rigorous proportions and symmetry of Classical structures, surrounded by slender Doric
columns, surmounted by a dome. According to a later engraving by Sebastiano Serlio, Bramante planned to set it
within a colonnaded courtyard. In November 1503, Julius engaged Bramante for the construction of the grandest
European architectural commission of the 16th century, the complete rebuilding of St Peter's Basilica. The
cornerstone of the first of the great piers of the crossing was laid with ceremony on 17 April 1506. Very few
drawings by Bramante survive, though some by his assistants do, demonstrating the extent of the team which had
been assembled. Bramante's vision for St Peter's, a centralized Greek cross plan that symbolized sublime perfection
for him and his generation (compare Santa Maria della Consolazione, Todi, influenced by Bramante's work) was
fundamentally altered by the extension of the nave after his death in 1514. Bramante's plan envisaged four great
chapels filling the corner spaces between the equal transepts, each one capped with a smaller dome surrounding the
great dome over the crossing. So Bramante's original plan was very much more Romano-Byzantine in its forms than
the basilica that was actually built. (See St Peter's Basilica for further details.) Bramante also worked on several
other commissions. Among his earliest works in Rome, before the Basilica's construction was under way, is the
cloister (1500–1504) of Santa Maria della Pace near Piazza Navona. The handsome proportions give an air of great
A draft for St Peter's superimposed over a plan of the ancient basilica
Bramante's final plan
The dome, as planned by Bramante
Principal architectural works
• Santa Maria presso San Satiro Milan, ca. 1482–1486
• Santa Maria delle Grazie (cloister and apse); Milan, 1492–1498
• Palazzo Caprini (also called: 'House of Raphael'), Rome, started in 1512 (non-extant)
• San Pietro in Montorio (also called the Tempietto); Rome, 1502
• Santa Maria della Pace (cloister); Rome, 1504
• St. Peter's Basilica, Rome, Design 1503, ground breaking, 1506
• Cortile del Belvedere, Vatican City, Rome, 1506.
• ACKERMAN, James. The Cortile del Belvedere. (London, 1964).
• BRUSCHI, Arnaldo. Bramante (London, 1977).
• EVANS, Robin. The Projective Cast: Architecture and Its Three Geometries (Cambridge, MA, 1995).
• FROMMEL, Christoph Luitpold. Die Romische Palastbau der Hochrenaissance (Tübingen, 1973).
• FROMMEL, Christoph Luitpold. The Architecture of the Italian Renaissance (lLondon, 2007).
• LOTZ, Wolfgang. Architecture in Italy 1500-1600 (London, 1996).
• HEYDENREICH, Ludwig H. Architecture in Italy 1400-1500 (London, 1996)
• THOENES, Christof. Sostegno e Adornamento (Milan, 1998).
• FORTUNATO, Giuseppe." The role of architectural representation for the analysis of the built. The 3d survey of
San Pietro in Montorio's temple in Rome", atti del "X Congreso Internacional expresiòn gràphica aplicada a la
edificacìon, Alicante,Editorial Marfil", S.A., 2010. I.S.B.N.: 978-84-268-1528-6
• Donato Bramante Source (http:/
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