European powers competed for trade and colonies around the globe. European powers competed for trade and colonies around the globe


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European powers competed for trade and colonies around the globe.

  • European powers competed for trade and colonies around the globe.

  • France and England both claimed land in North America.

  • English settlers pushing westward clashed with French fur traders in the Ohio Valley.



Native Americans were caught up in the conflict. Algonquians and Hurons sided with the French. Iroquois supported the English.

  • Native Americans were caught up in the conflict. Algonquians and Hurons sided with the French. Iroquois supported the English.

  • In 1754, France and Great Britain began to fight in the Ohio River Valley. English settlers called the fight against France and their Indian allies the French and Indian War.



English moving west… they hoped to take some of the French fur trade.



An American Indian protested to an English trader saying:

  • An American Indian protested to an English trader saying:

  • “You and the French are like the two edges of a pair of shears. And we are the cloth which is to be cut to pieces between them.”



In a war, who should the Indians side with..the French or the British?

  • In a war, who should the Indians side with..the French or the British?

  • Why?

  • Hint: British were farmers…French were trappers



French

  • French

  • Algonquins and Hurons



William Johnson, an English official had an Indian wife, Molly Brant.

  • William Johnson, an English official had an Indian wife, Molly Brant.



Sister of Mohawk Chief known to English as Joseph Brant

  • Sister of Mohawk Chief known to English as Joseph Brant

  • English also charged lower prices for trade goods.



AGAIN…Who fought the French and Indian war?

  • AGAIN…Who fought the French and Indian war?



Ohio River Valley was the Battleground

  • Ohio River Valley was the Battleground

  • Guess who leads the opening shots of the war for the British?

  • …………..no other than……….



The father of our country…..



22 years old

  • 22 years old

  • Was a land surveyor..what does that mean?







He went to build a fort where the Monongahela and Allegheny River meet to form the Ohio River

  • He went to build a fort where the Monongahela and Allegheny River meet to form the Ohio River





The French get there first!

  • The French get there first!



Washington attacks and builds makeshift Fort “Necessity.”

  • Washington attacks and builds makeshift Fort “Necessity.”

  • Virginians surrender after being surrounded.











Delegates from 7 colonies meet in Albany, New York.

  • Delegates from 7 colonies meet in Albany, New York.

  • Main reason was to cement alliance with Iroquois.

  • Also to plan a united defense.



Albany Plan of Union

  • Albany Plan of Union

  • Called for a grand council made up of representatives from each colony.



Delegates voted to accept the Plan of Union.

  • Delegates voted to accept the Plan of Union.

  • Not one of the colonial assemblies approved

  • Why do you think?



1755, General Edward “Bulldog” Braddock led an attack against Fort Duquesne.

  • 1755, General Edward “Bulldog” Braddock led an attack against Fort Duquesne.

  • Their problem…..they had little experience fighting in the woods.

  • They moved slowly and noisily through the forest.



He was warned by Washington and Indians but carried on.

  • He was warned by Washington and Indians but carried on.

  • They wore bright red jackets. What do you think happened?



They were ambushed.

  • They were ambushed.

  • Braddock was killed along with half his men.

  • Things go bad for next two years.



He becomes new head of British Government

  • He becomes new head of British Government

  • He wanted to win war so that Britain can move on to focus on other parts of the world.

  • He sent his best Generals to North America.



In 1758, General Jeffery Amhearst captured Louisbourg, the most important British fort in Canada.

  • In 1758, General Jeffery Amhearst captured Louisbourg, the most important British fort in Canada.

  • They also capture Fort Duquesne.

  • They rename it Fort Pitt (What city is there today?)



Quebec was vital to the protection of new France.

  • Quebec was vital to the protection of new France.

  • The city sits on what is known as the Plains of Abraham. This was a steep cliff high above the St. Lawrence River.









Britain and France signed the Treaty of Paris in 1763.

  • Britain and France signed the Treaty of Paris in 1763.

  • The treaty marked the end of French power in North America.



Britain gained Canada and all French lands east of the Mississippi River except New Orleans.

  • Britain gained Canada and all French lands east of the Mississippi River except New Orleans.



France kept two islands in the Gulf of St. Lawrence.

  • France kept two islands in the Gulf of St. Lawrence.

  • France kept some sugar-growing islands in the West Indies.



Spain gave up Florida to Britain.

  • Spain gave up Florida to Britain.

  • Spain received New Orleans and all French land west of the Mississippi.

  • Spain kept its empire in Central and South America.






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