Explorer- one who went to new, undiscovered territories


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  • Explorer-

  • One who went to new, undiscovered territories

  • Conquistador-

  • Spanish explorers who conquered new territories for Spain

  • Mission-

  • Religious settlement established by the Spanish

  • Presidio-

  • A presidio (meaning "to preside" or "to oversee") is a fortified military base established by the Spanish in areas under their control or influence.



Remember…long ago when we analyzed the four regions of Texas, the Native Texas tribes, and discovered why they lived where they did?

  • Remember…long ago when we analyzed the four regions of Texas, the Native Texas tribes, and discovered why they lived where they did?

  • We now need to determine why the explorers decided to come to Texas.

  • So…why? (with your elbow partner, discuss this for at least one minute. Come up with three good reasons)



https://youtu.be/E1Pp4pqPlOM

  • https://youtu.be/E1Pp4pqPlOM



The “Big Three” countries in Europe who were competing for land were…

  • The “Big Three” countries in Europe who were competing for land were…













We now know the three reasons explorers came to Texas.

  • We now know the three reasons explorers came to Texas.

  • Those reasons are…

  • GOLD

  • GOD

  • GLORY

  • But…we need to ask ourselves what IMPACT (Effect) their exploration had on Texas?



  • Pineda was sent by the Spanish governor of Jamaica in 1519 to map the Gulf Coast from Florida to Mexico. He sailed along the coastline for about 9 months and was the first European explorer in Texas to explore the Texas Gulf Coast. He discovered Rio de las Palmas (Rio Grande River).





He started the stories of the legendary Seven Cities of Cibola. (Gold)

  • He started the stories of the legendary Seven Cities of Cibola. (Gold)

  • What might be a reason that someone would create such a legend…other than to just tell a good story? Use your “cabeza” for this one.



Now The French. Cool! At least it’s not Spain again!

  • Now The French. Cool! At least it’s not Spain again!





What are the 3 reasons (3 G’s) explorers came to Texas?

  • What are the 3 reasons (3 G’s) explorers came to Texas?

  • Which European country was more successful at exploring and claiming land in Texas?

  • Who was the French explorer who attempted to settle Texas but failed?



The French were unable to successfully colonize Texas, but their efforts made Spain realize how important the area was.

  • The French were unable to successfully colonize Texas, but their efforts made Spain realize how important the area was.



Spain…yep…

  • Spain…yep…

  • Spain Again…

  • Missions and Presidios



After all this, the Spanish decided to establish the mission system, starting in El Paso, Texas in 1680. The first mission in Texas was called Corpus Christi de la Ysleta.

  • After all this, the Spanish decided to establish the mission system, starting in El Paso, Texas in 1680. The first mission in Texas was called Corpus Christi de la Ysleta.



In 1718, the Spanish built the mission San Antonio de Valero. This is also known as the “Alamo”. The city/town that grew around the mission was San Antonio.

  • In 1718, the Spanish built the mission San Antonio de Valero. This is also known as the “Alamo”. The city/town that grew around the mission was San Antonio.





Analyzing the layout,   which physical geographic

          • Analyzing the layout,   which physical geographic
          •  feature influenced where the  missions and presidios were
          • built in Texas?
          • Answer: Rivers
          • Based on the diagram, what is
          • one way the Spanish
          • missionaries adapted to the
          • environment?
          • Answer: Farming


  • Key Individuals



  • Convinced the viceroy of New Spain to colonize East Texas and convert the Caddo Indians to Catholicism

  • Alonso De León and Massanet, who was a Spanish Franciscan priest, were sent with several other priests and 100 soldiers to colonize East Texas. In 1690, he assisted in the establishment of the mission San Francisco de los Tejas. This was the first Catholic mission built in East Texas.

  • Resulted in many missions, but they all failed to be successful



Military commander and Governor of Nuevo Santander (Laredo, Texas and the surrounding area)

  • Military commander and Governor of Nuevo Santander (Laredo, Texas and the surrounding area)

  • Led Spain’s expansion effort in South Texas

  • He founded over twenty towns or villas and a number of missions

  • Moved La Bahia mission and presidio from the Guadalupe River to the present-day site of Goliad.

  • For his colonization efforts Escandón is sometimes called the "father" of the lower Rio Grande valley.



Spanish, Franciscan Priest

  • Spanish, Franciscan Priest

  • Supervised the founding of missions in East Texas including Nuestra de los Dolores and San Miguel de los Adaes

  • Due to the problems in East Texas, he moved to San Antonio and founded San Jose y San Miguel de Aguayo, one of the five missions in San Antonio today.

  • He was arguably the most famous missionary to serve in Texas.



Spanish, Catholic Priest who served at Mission San Francisco de los Tejas

  • Spanish, Catholic Priest who served at Mission San Francisco de los Tejas

  • Contacted French Catholic priests to provide religious services to the local native people when Spanish priests weren’t available

  • Caused Spanish to be suspicious of French colonization



Ranching in Texas was successful where missions and settlements were doing well and thriving

  • Ranching in Texas was successful where missions and settlements were doing well and thriving

  • Cattle were easier to raise and protect than growing crops and farming



EXAMPLES OF SPANISH INFLUENCE ON TEXAS

  • EXAMPLES OF SPANISH INFLUENCE ON TEXAS

  • Place Names

    • Amarillo – in Spanish it means yellow. This was the color of the soil of the area and the beautiful wildflowers. Named by early settlers in this area
    • Rio Grande – in Spanish it means “Big River”
    • Most Texas rivers and landforms
  • Vocabulary

  • Religion

    • Roman Catholic
  • Architecture

    • Home – hacienda
    • Presidio – fort
    • Aceqias – wells (aquifer)
    • Adobe – brick
    • Arch – style of architecture
  • Food

  • Arts

    • Corridos – ballad
    • Frescos – mural painting found in Catholic churches
    • Tejano Music – music that originated from the cultural convergence of Spanish, German, Czech, and Polish music and instruments





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