Explorers and Settlers Spanish Settlements


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Explorers and Settlers

  • Spanish Settlements

  • p. 124


Missions are Established in East Texas

  • Within a year, the Spanish had established 6 missions and a small fort in east Texas.



San Antonio is Founded

  • Spanish officials realized the need for a mission midway between New Spain and the new missions.

  • Presidio San Antonio de Bexar was set up near the San Antonio River in 1718. Later called San Antonio.

  • Mission San Antonio de Valero was built a few years later. This mission became known as the Alamo.



Aguayo Defends the Missions

  • War broke out between Spain and France in 1719

  • This halted the settling of East Texas.

  • French soldiers from Louisiana seized the Spanish mission near present day Nacogdoches.

  • The viceroy of New Spain sent Marques de San Miguel de Aguayo to take back East Texas.



Aguayo Defends the Missions

  • Aguayo was the governor of the provinces of Coahuila and Texas.

  • Aguayo marched 500 soldiers, thousands of horses and mules, and large herds of sheep and cattle to Texas.

  • He moved Presidio Nuestra Senora de los Delores to the Angelina River.



Aguayo Founds Two Cities

  • Aguayo built a large presidio, Nuestra Senora del Pilar de los Adaes, in Louisiana.

  • French commander St. Denis claimed the presidio was in French territory, but never tried to drive them away.

  • Aguayo established Los Adaes which became the unofficial capital of Texas in 1722 and remained it for 50 years.



Aguayo Founds Two Cities

  • Aguayo also established a mission near the ruins of Fort Saint Louis, established by La Salle.

  • It later was moved near present day Goliad and named La Bahia del Espiritu Santo.



An Uneasy Peace

  • 9 missions, 2 villages, and 4 presidios were established in Texas

  • In 1727 Spanish officials needed to cut costs so they decided to combine and abandon some missions.

  • The Arroyo Hondo stream became the boundary between Spanish and French territory.



Plains People Resent Missions

  • Spanish missionaries traveled among Native Americans converting them to Catholicism.

  • Most Native Americans were not interested in Catholicism but were rarely threatening.

  • Plains Indians (Apache and Comanche) resented the Spaniards and raided their settlements regularly.



San Saba Mission Fails

  • Mission Santa Cruz de San Saba was set up in central Texas as a request by the Apache Indians to use as protection from the Comanche Indians.

  • Apaches used this mission for food and gifts sometimes.

  • Comanche's raided often.

  • Due to raids, lack of supplies and distance from administrative help the mission failed.




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