Features = characteristics


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FEATURES = CHARACTERISTICS

  • FEATURES = CHARACTERISTICS

  • FUNCTIONS = THE PURPOSE(S)

  • SUBJECTS = THE TOPIC(S)







  • Ambiguity

  • Exaggeration

  • Understatement

  • Hostility

  • Incongruity or Irony

  • Situation-Insight

  • Sudden Insight



Features:

  • Features:

  • Ambiguity

  • Sudden Insight

  • Surprise

  • Visual Imagery

  • Word Play



Features

  • Features

  • Ambiguity

  • Incongruity

  • Surprise

  • Visual Imagery

  • Word Play



  • Later philosophers, including Frances Hutcheson, argue that what we are really laughing about is incongruity.

  • We do not go to asylums to laugh at the “inferior” beings, nor do we laugh at animals unless they resemble human beings.

  • We laugh at someone who slips on a banana peel not because we feel superior, but because of the incongruity between our expectations and the sudden insight.











PSYCHOLOGICAL



  • “The text of a joke is always fully or in part compatible with two distinct scripts and the two scripts are opposed to each other in a special way.”

  • “The punch line triggers the switch from the one script to the other by making the hearer backtrack and realize that a different interpretation [of the joke] was possible from the very beginning.”

  • Attardo and Raskin [1991] 308









Self-disparagement humor illustrates how it is not always easy to recognize the functions of humor. On the surface, it appears to be humbling oneself, but oftentimes the mock-humility really puts the speaker in a position of power as in these commercials:

  • Self-disparagement humor illustrates how it is not always easy to recognize the functions of humor. On the surface, it appears to be humbling oneself, but oftentimes the mock-humility really puts the speaker in a position of power as in these commercials:

  • Terminex Pest Control: “When you think of pests, think of us.”

  • Twist Lemon-Menthol Cigarettes: “Our new menthol is a lemon.”



  • Champion International Trend Carpet: “Eight million people walked all over us. And they don’t even know our name.”

  • Quaker Oats as a diet food: “Quaker Oats: Breakfast of losers.”

  • Simmons bunk beds: “Simmons beds are a lot of bunk.”



Relax Students





This is an amusing lesson in careful observation.

  • This is an amusing lesson in careful observation.

  • What are the clues that it is a painting?

  • Were such paintings precursors to today’s PhotoShop fun?



  • http://biggeekdad.com/2013/04/jonathan-winters-stick/#.UXfWSphGZzg.email



The subjects we joke about are the very subjects that we hesitate to talk about in real life.

    • The subjects we joke about are the very subjects that we hesitate to talk about in real life.
    • To test out the attitudes of new friends, we often send up “trial balloons” disguised as jokes.




OLD TABOOS

  • OLD TABOOS

  • Vulgarities

  • Swear Words

  • Body Parts

  • Sex

  • Religion

  • Obscenities











The subject matter that people choose to joke about goes a long ways in determining whether they are using humor as release of moderate levels of discomfort, or whether they are really engaging in “hate-speech” disguised as humor.

  • The subject matter that people choose to joke about goes a long ways in determining whether they are using humor as release of moderate levels of discomfort, or whether they are really engaging in “hate-speech” disguised as humor.

  • The important question to ask is whether the humor is used to weaken the target or strengthen the target.






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