Finding Aid for the Mary Agnes Burniston Brazier Papers 1941-1995 42 1 Finding Aid for the Mary Agnes Burniston Brazier Papers 1941-1995


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Finding Aid for the Mary Agnes

Burniston Brazier Papers

1941-1995

42

1



Finding Aid for the Mary Agnes Burniston Brazier Papers 1941-1995

Processed by Pat L. Walter.

Louise M. Darling Biomedical Library History and Special Collections Division

History and Special Collections Division

UCLA

12-077 Center for Health Sciences



Box 951798

Los Angeles, CA 90095-1798

Phone: 310/825-6940

Fax: 310/825-0465

Email: biomed-ref@library.ucla.edu

URL: http://www.library.ucla.edu/libraries/biomed/his/

©2007

The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.



Finding Aid for the Mary Agnes

Burniston Brazier Papers

1941-1995

42

2



Descriptive Summary

Title: Mary Agnes Burniston Brazier Papers,

Date (inclusive): 1941-1995

Collection number: 42

Creator: Brazier, Mary A. B. (Mary Agnes Burniston), 1904-1995.

Extent: 12.3 linear feet (26 boxes)

Repository: University of California, Los Angeles. Library. Louise M. Darling Biomedical Library History and Special

Collections Division

Los Angeles, California 90095-1490

Abstract: Mary A. B. Brazier was born in England in 1904 and died in Falmouth, MA in 1955. She received a Ph. D. in

physiology and biochemistry from the University of London in 1930, began neuroscience research at Maudsley Hospital,

London, and in 1940 came to Boston on a Rockefeller fellowship. She remained at the Massachusetts General Hospital,

Harvard University, and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology for twenty years, then moved to the Brain Research

Institute at UCLA until her retirement. She was internationally known as an outstanding neuroscientist, historian, author,

and editor. This collection consists mainly of materials pertinent to her historical research: photocopies of texts, notes,

photographs and negatives of some 500 individuals and 40 institutions important in the development of the neurosciences;

there is some emphasis on Russian neurophysiology and on instances of early calculating machines. About a tenth of the

collection consists of professional and personal materials, mainly reprints and foreign-language copies of her books, plus

sparse biographical material.



Physical location: History and Special Collections Division, Louise M. Darling Biomedical Library, University of California,

Los Angeles



Language of Material: Collection materials in English, Russian, French

Access

The collection is open for research. Contact the History & Special Collections Division, Louise M. Darling Biomedical

Library, UCLA, for information.

Publication Rights

Property rights in the physical objects belong to the UCLA Biomedical Library. Literary rights, including copyright, are

retained by the creators and their heirs. It is the responsibility of the researcher to determine who holds the copyright and

pursue the copyright owner or his or her heir for permission to publish if the Biomedical Library does not hold the copyright.



Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Mary Agnes Burniston Brazier Papers (Manuscript collection 42). Louise M. Darling Biomedical

Library History and Special Collections Division, University of California, Los Angeles.

UCLA Catalog Record ID

UCLA Catalog Record ID: 

5302276

 

Acquisition Information



The materials came as gifts from Dr. Mary A. B. Brazier to the UCLA Louise M. Darling Biomedical Library over a number of

years, mainly during the span 1985-1993.



Biography

Brain researcher, neuroscientist, electroencephalographer, historian, computer analyst, author and editor par excellance,

international organizer -- "Mollie" Brazier's career can not be summed up easily or tersely. She was a vibrant figure in the

community of those studying the electrical activity of the nervous system, and her passing was mourned by colleagues

around the world.

Dr. Brazier was born near Bristol, England in 1904 and died in Falmouth, Massachusetts in 1995. She attended Bedford

College, the University of London (BSc, 1926, PhD in physiology and biochemistry, 1930), and then began research at the

Maudsley Hospital, London. In 1940, a Rockefeller fellowship brought her to Boston where she remained for twenty years.

Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology were her sites of

activity, and computer analysis of brain electrical activity became increasingly the focus of her research. In 1961 she left

Boston for the newly created Brain Research Institute at UCLA, where she remained as Professor of Anatomy, Physiology,

and Biophysics until 1988.

Dr. Brazier's extensive publications cover a wide variety of topics. In addition to the many articles on 

electroencephalography and its statistical analysis, she produced important books and essays on the history of the 

electrical activity of the nervous system, on Russian neurophysiology and its history, on early calculating machines, and on


Finding Aid for the Mary Agnes

Burniston Brazier Papers

1941-1995

42

3



individual scientists and philosophers who caught her particular interest.

The University of London bestowed a DSc in neurophysiology on Dr. Brazier in 1960. In 1976, The University of Utrecht

honored her with an MD degree. Her many honors, awards, and positions also included serving as Secretary General of the

International Brain Research Organization (IBRO) and as president of the American EEG Society, receiving Research Career

Awards from the National Institute of Neurological Diseases and Stroke and the Grey Walter Medal of the British EEG

Society. Elsevier Scientific Publishers established The M. A. B. Brazier Young Investigator Award in her honor, under the

auspices of the International Federation of Societies for Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology. She was a

member of some fifteen professional societies



Scope and Content

Although the content of this collection is wide, its scope is quite narrow: the major portion consists of photographs and

negatives of individuals and some institutions important in the history of the neurosciences, and of materials pertaining to

these individuals, institutions, and related research topics. Such materials include reprints and photocopies of articles by

and about the target figures, bibliographic and reading notes, bits of historical text written by Dr. Brazier, and some

correspondence supporting her historical research; they also include numerous partial or complete translations of

publications originally in Russian or German. The individuals and topics included are largely, but not entirely, those that Dr.

Brazier included in her books and articles on the history of neurophysiology, Russian neurophysiology, and calculating

machines. Included are materials on approximately 500 individuals and 40 institutions. A Name Index which lists individuals

represented in the collection by handwritten, typed, or printed materials, illustrations, or correspondence, and a separate

Correspondence Index, can be queried through the UCLA Biomedical Library History and Special Collections Division.

Professional and personal materials make up about a tenth of the collection, and this is spotty coverage, indeed. The

immense scientific output in neurophysiology is represented by bound volumes of reprints and mostly foreign language

copies of some of her books, but there is no background material of notes, manuscripts, or correspondence. Other than a

few annual letters of appointment and sparse activity reports, there is nothing to document the over forty years of

academic life spent by Dr. Brazier in the United States. Her active immersion in the international brain and EEG community

and her long-lasting and important editorial involvements are also undocumented in this collection. The great respect that

her colleagues worldwide had for her does emerge from the letters that do exist here, but even these are mostly formal

and focused on specific historical questions.

The collection is organized into the following series:

Series 1. History of Neurophysiology and Related Sciences, to 1950. 7.8 linear ft. (18.5 document boxes)

Series 2. History of Modern Neurophysiology, 1950-. 1.2 linear feet

Series 3. Professional and personal materials, 1930-1993. 3.3 linear ft

Related Material

Eighteen original photographs of Ivan Petrovich Pavlov's laboratory, given to Dr. Brazier by Professor Kupalov, are housed

as Manuscript Collection No. 19 in the History and Special Collections Division of the UCLA Biomedical Library.

Indexing Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.



Subjects

Brazier, Mary Agnes Burniston, 1904-1995

Biochemistry

Brain--physiology--Biography.

Electroencephalography--history.

History of Medicine

Neurophysiology--history.

Neurophysiology--Soviet Union--Biography.

Neurosciences -- history


Series 1.History of Neurophysiology and Related Sciences to 1950

Subseries 1.Individuals to 1950



Finding Aid for the Mary Agnes

Burniston Brazier Papers

1941-1995

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Series 1. History of Neurophysiology and Related Sciences to 1950



Physical Description:

 7.8 linear ft. (18.5 document boxes)



Scope and Content Note

This series includes Dr. Braziers working papers, miscellaneous items, and picture file for her

publications on the history of the neurosciences, focused especially on the history of

neurophysiology, Russian neurophysiology, and calculating machines.

 

 

 



Subseries 1. Individuals to 1950

Physical Description:

 7 linear ft. (17 document boxes)



Scope and Content Note

Includes reprints and photocopies of articles by and about the approximately 500 target

figures (arranged alphabetically), bibliographic and reading notes, bits of historical text

written by Dr. Brazier, and some correspondence supporting her historical research; they

also include numerous partial or complete translations of publications originally in

Russian or German.

 

 

Box 1, Folder 1



Albertus, Magnus, Saint. 1193-1280

Scope and Content Note

photograph and negative, illustration of three ventricles of the brain

 

 

Box 1, Folder 2



Albinus, Bernhard Siegfried. 1697-1770

Scope and Content Note

portrait and negative

 

 

Box 1, Folder 3



Aldini, Giovanni. 1762-1834

Scope and Content Note

photographs and five negatives of portrait, illustrations from: "An account of ...

galvanism", 1803; "De animali electricitate ...", 1794;. "Essai ... sur le galvanisme",

v.1, 1804

 

 

Box 1, Folder 4



Alembert, Jean Le Rond d'. 1717-1783

Scope and Content Note

photocopy of commentaries on Thomas L. Hankins' "Jean d'Alembert; Science and the

Enlightenment", from "Isis": 67:274-276, 1976; one page "from Libby on Voltaire";

portrait


 

 

Box 1, Folder 5



Alibert, Jean-Louis-Marie. 1768-1837

Scope and Content Note

portrait and negative

 

 

Box 1, Folder 6



Allamand, Jean Nicolas Sébastien. 1713-1787

Scope and Content Note

one typed page of biographical information

 

 

Box 1, Folder 7



Ampère, André-Marie. 1775-1836

Scope and Content Note

portrait and negative; also, same portrait in combination with Michael Faraday



Note

see [Box 6 : 22] for Faraday, and also see Ritter [Box 14 : 20], for an Ampère title

page

 

 



Series 1.History of Neurophysiology and Related Sciences to 1950

Subseries 1.Individuals to 1950



Finding Aid for the Mary Agnes

Burniston Brazier Papers

1941-1995

42

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Box 1, Folder 8

Arago, Dominique François Jean [Arago, F. (François)]. 1786-1853

Scope and Content Note

portrait and negative

 

 

Box 1, Folder 9



Ariëns Kappers, Cornelius Ubbo. 1877-1946

Scope and Content Note

portrait and negative; photographs of two lab scenes

 

 

Box 1, Folder 10



Aristotle. 384-322 B.C.

Scope and Content Note

photograph of portrait bust

 

 

Box 1, Folder 11



Aubrey, John. 1626-1697

Scope and Content Note

photograph and negative of portrait; also portrait of John Evelyn (1620-1706)

 

 

Box 1, Folder 12



Aubertin, Simon Alexandre Ernest. 1825-1893

Scope and Content Note

photographs and negative of portrait, lateral view of cortex

 

 

Box 1, Folder 13



Babbage, Charles. 1791-1871

Scope and Content Note

photographs and two negatives of portrait, difference engine, analytical engine, parts

of calculator; letter from "Val" (?), London, 1971, concerning Babbage exhibition, and

enclosing the calculator photograph

 

 

Box 1, Folder 14



Babinski, Joseph Francois Felix. 1857-1932

Scope and Content Note

portrait and negative

 

 

Box 1, Folder 15



Bacon, Francis. 1561-1626

Scope and Content Note

photocopies of articles about rise of the scientific method; bibliographic notes;

photographs and negative of portrait and frontispiece

 

 



Box 1, Folder 16

Baer, Karl Ernst von. 1792-1876

Scope and Content Note

portrait


 

 

Box 1, Folder 17



Baglivi, Giorgio. 1668-1706

Scope and Content Note

photocopies of articles; portrait and negatives, title pages and figures from his

publications

 

 



Box 1, Folder 18

Baillarger, Jules Gabriel François. 1806-1891

Scope and Content Note

photographs and negatives of portrait, drawings of cortical layers

 

 

Box 1, Folder 19



Barcroft, Joseph, Sir. 1872-1947

Scope and Content Note

photographs and six negatives of portrait, title page of "Features in the architecture of

physiological function", 1938; ticket to Ersten Physiologischen Congress, Basel, 1889;

group photograph from the Congress of Physiologists, Heidelberg, 1907



Series 1.History of Neurophysiology and Related Sciences to 1950

Subseries 1.Individuals to 1950



Finding Aid for the Mary Agnes

Burniston Brazier Papers

1941-1995

42

6



 

 

Box 1, Folder 20



Barthez, P.-J. (Paul Joseph). 1734-1806

Scope and Content Note

color snapshot of framed portrait

 

 

Box 1, Folder 21



Bartholow, Roberts. 1831-1904

Scope and Content Note

photograph and negative of portrait; other negatives

 

 

Box 1, Folder 22



Baumann, Eugen Albert 1846-1896

Scope and Content Note

photograph and negative of portrait

 

 

Box 1, Folder 23



Beaumont, William. 1785-1853

Scope and Content Note

photographs of portrait by Deane Keller from Yale Univ. Art Gallery and of another

portrait and illustration, with negatives

 

 



Box 1, Folder 24

Beccaria, Giambatista. 1716-1781

Scope and Content Note

portrait and negative from the Wellcome Library

 

 

Box 1, Folder 25



Beck, Adolf. 1863-1942

Scope and Content Note

photocopies (some in very faded condition) of articles (1890-1919), including

sometime co-author N. Cybulski; letter from Hellmuth Petsche to MABB regarding a

translation of Beck's doctoral thesis which she edited (Supplement 3 of "Acta

neurobiologiae experimentalis", 1973, housed separately in the History and Special

Collections Division); photographs and negatives of thesis title, figs. 1-4 with captions;

negative of page of thesis; portraits; snapshots, some with family members

 

 



Box 1, Folder 26

Beevor, Charles Edward. 1854-1908

Scope and Content Note

photograph and negative of portrait

 

 

Box 1, Folder 27



Bekhterev, Vladimir Mikhailovich [Bechterev]. 1857-1927

Scope and Content Note

typed (partial?) translation of 1890 article from "Centralblatt für Physiologie", 2:58-59;

bibliographies, photocopies; photographs and fourteen negatives of portraits,

illustrations of brain, snapshots, the Institute at Kazan University

 

 

Box 1, Folder 28



Bell, Charles, Sir. 1774-1842

Scope and Content Note

photographs and twelve negatives of portraits, caricature, title pages and illustrations

from writings

 

 



Box 2, Folder 1

Bennet, Abraham. 1750-1799

Scope and Content Note

photographs and negatives of portrait, memorial plaque, and gold leaf electroscope

from Science Museum, London

 

 



Box 2, Folder 2

Berengario da Carpi, Jacopo. ca. 1460-ca. 1530

Scope and Content Note

photograph and negative of portrait



Series 1.History of Neurophysiology and Related Sciences to 1950

Subseries 1.Individuals to 1950



Finding Aid for the Mary Agnes

Burniston Brazier Papers

1941-1995

42

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Box 2, Folder 3



Berger, Hans. 1873-1941

Scope and Content Note

typed translations from the German of: 1) Berger, Hans. "Über die körperlichen

Äusserungen psychischer Zustände", 1904, pp. 63-184. 2) Berger, Hans.

"Psychophysiologie in 12 Vorlesungen", 1921. 3) Jung, R. "Hans Berger and the

discovery of the EEG according to his journals and protocols". 4) Werner, R. "Hans

Berger of the Friedrich-Schiller University, Jena"



Note

folder #1 of 3

 

 

Box 2, Folder 4



Berger, Hans. 1873-1941

Scope and Content Note

reprints and photocopies of original articles by and about Berger; 1964 letter from R.

Jung to H. Magoun regarding Berger archives

Note

folder #2 or 3

 

 

Box 2, Folder 5



Berger, Hans. 1873-1941

Scope and Content Note

photographs and negatives of EEG tracings, and portraits



Note

folder #3 of 3

 

 

Box 2, Folder 6



Bernard, Claude. 1813-1878

Scope and Content Note

photographs and 27 negatives of spinal cord, chorda tympani, portraits, experiments,

etc., and painting of group in laboratory

 

 



Box 2, Folder 7

Bernstein, Julius. 1839-1917

Scope and Content Note

photocopies of articles, typed translations, bibliographic notes; photographs and 17

negatives of portrait, nerve scheme, etc.

 

 



Box 3, Folder 1

Berthelot, Pierre-Eugène Marcelin [Marcellin]. 1827-1907

Scope and Content Note

photograph of portrait

 

 

Box 3, Folder 2



Betz, Vladimir Aleksandrovich [Bets, Vladimir Alekseevitch]. 1834-1894

Scope and Content Note

photographs and 2 negatives of portrait and sketch of corpus callosum

 

 

Box 3, Folder 3



Bichat, (Marie-François) Xavier. 1771-1802

Scope and Content Note

photograph of portrait plaque by David d'Angers; photographs and seven negatives of

portraits, title page, etc.

 

 



Box 3, Folder 4

Bikeles, Gustav. b. 1861

Scope and Content Note

photocopies of article title pages; correspondence from the Medical Academy in

Cracow, Poland, with biographical sketch and partial bibliography

 

 



Series 1.History of Neurophysiology and Related Sciences to 1950

Subseries 1.Individuals to 1950



Finding Aid for the Mary Agnes

Burniston Brazier Papers

1941-1995

42

8



Box 3, Folder 5

Blasius, Gerardus Leonardus. 1626?-1692

Scope and Content Note

photograph and negative of drawings of spinal cord

 

 

Box 3, Folder 6



Boerhaave, Herman. 1668-1738

Scope and Content Note

reprint, "Herman Boeerhaave (1668-1738), teacher of all Europe," by G. A. Lindeboom,

"JAMA", 206: 2297-2301, Dec. 2, 1968, with color portrait; reproductions of two letters,

in Dutch and in Latin, from Boerhaave, dated 31/10/1715 and 22/12/1720;

correspondence with Prof. A.M. Luyendijk-Elshout; packet of brochures (in Dutch) from

the Museum Boerhaave, Leiden; portraits; 2 illustrations of "Oud Poelgeest" house,

Leiden, 1738; other photographs and 12 negatives

 

 



Box 3, Folder 7



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