General Grant creates a master plan for the Union to destroy the Confederacy. All Union forces will work together for victory


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General Grant creates a master plan for the Union to destroy the Confederacy. All Union forces will work together for victory.

  • General Grant creates a master plan for the Union to destroy the Confederacy. All Union forces will work together for victory.

  • Union industrial strength and population advantages will be maximized.

  • The Union will break the back of the Confederacy by destroying the home front.



Grant moves into the Wilderness

  • Grant moves into the Wilderness

  • Terrible and bloody fighting

  • The Union forces are stopped

  • Grant does not retreat but rather moves south to get around Lee’s army



Twelve days of butchery

  • Twelve days of butchery

  • General Sedgwick is killed by sharpshooter

  • The Bloody Angle fighting lasts 18 hours

  • Grant moves south





The Federals almost took the town in June 1864, but since they did not take the town, both sides were condemned to a long siege.

  • The Federals almost took the town in June 1864, but since they did not take the town, both sides were condemned to a long siege.

  • Federals try to blow up the Confederate lines at “The Crater”- a terrible failure.

  • Petersburg controlled the railroad line into Richmond. If Petersburg fell, then Richmond fell.



The trenches were hot, dusty, muddy, cold and miserable.

  • The trenches were hot, dusty, muddy, cold and miserable.

  • If men raised their head above the trench line they were killed by snipers.

  • As the months rolled on, the Confederates starved and froze.

  • The Union kept trying to cut off the rail lines, so eventually the trenches stretched over 25 miles.



Jubal Early, C.S.A., tries to clear the Shenandoah Valley of Federals.



Scorched earth policy



The Confederate army starves in the trenches of Petersburg over the winter

  • The Confederate army starves in the trenches of Petersburg over the winter

  • Lee tries to break out but the Union forces are too strong

  • Grant counter attacks and breaks the Southern defenses

  • Lee evacuates Petersburg and Richmond

  • Richmond burns

  • Confederates try to escape



April 9, 1865 Grant and Sheridan cut off the Confederates

  • April 9, 1865 Grant and Sheridan cut off the Confederates

  • Southerners attack but fail to break Union lines

  • Lee knows that it is hopeless and he asks for terms

  • Lee and Grant meet at the home of Wilbur McLean in Appomattox Village

  • Confederates will be paroled

  • Lee surrenders



April 14, 1865

  • April 14, 1865

  • Ford’s Theatre

  • “Our American Cousin”

  • John Wilkes Booth

  • Conspiracy

  • Lincoln’s dreams

  • “Now he belongs to the ages”

  • ….




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