Geography is the study of particular places on earth and their characteristics. It influences everything and everyone. Humans try to control it and use its power


Download 476 b.
Sana10.06.2019
Hajmi476 b.


Geography is the study of particular places on earth and their characteristics. It influences everything and everyone. Humans try to control it and use its power.

  • Geography is the study of particular places on earth and their characteristics. It influences everything and everyone. Humans try to control it and use its power.

  • An environment includes land and water, as well as weather patterns and all plants and animals that live in a place

  • The Five Themes of Geography focus on the question: How has geography affected humans and what changes have we made to master it?

  • The Five Themes of Geography are: Location, Place, Human Environmental Interaction, Movement and Region


  • How do I get there? The information you give to 911 when you need help.- Exact/Specific

  • Exact or absolute location - latitude and longitude more practically an exact address. Woodmere Middle School 1170 Peninsula Boulevard.

  • Relative location - What is it near? The CVS on Peninsula. The park near the police station. The school on Peninsula Blvd.

  • The earth is divided up into hemispheres using longitude and latitude. You can use a compass rose to help you determine hemisphere. There are four hemispheres on earth. Cardinal directions are north, south, east and west, while intermediate directions are north east, north west, south east, south west.



The easiest way to locate any place on earth is to use the imaginary lines shown on most maps and globes.

  • The easiest way to locate any place on earth is to use the imaginary lines shown on most maps and globes.

  • The lines that run east to west are called lines of latitude. “The equator is the middle rung on the ladder of latitude.”

  • The lines that run north to south are called longitude.

  • Latitude and longitude are used in GPS and are the primary coordinate system for navigation on the planet. They are measured in degrees.

  • These lines form an imaginary grid over the earth to allow us to determine the exact location of a place. A grid map can be used to determine exact location using the lines of longitude and latitude.





Lines of latitude run east to west, however they measure the distance in degrees north or south from the equator.

  • Lines of latitude run east to west, however they measure the distance in degrees north or south from the equator.

  • A degree is a unit of measurement that describes the distance between lines of latitude and lines of longitude. The symbol for degree is , just like a degree of temperature.

  • The equator is the starting line for measuring latitude. On any map, the line marking the equator is labeled 0 meaning zero degrees latitude. The equator divides the earth into the northern and southern hemispheres.

  • The line above the equator is labeled 30 N or 30 degrees north; the line below the equator is marked 30 S or 30 degrees south.

  • There are 90 degrees of latitude between the equator and the north pole and 90 degrees of latitude between the equator and the south pole.

  • Math connection: Lines of latitude are also known as parallels. Parallels are lines that run in the same direction and are always the same distance apart. They never meet or cross.





Lines of longitude run from the north pole to the south pole.

  • Lines of longitude run from the north pole to the south pole.

  • These lines measure distance in degrees east and west of the line of longitude we call the prime meridian.

  • The prime meridian is the line that divides the earth into the eastern and western hemispheres.

  • The prime meridian is marked 0 or zero degrees longitude. The lines west of the prime meridian are measured in degrees from 1 to 180 west.

  • The line at 180 is called the International Date Line. It is in fact directly opposite on the globe from the prime meridian.

  • Longitude measurements are also used to evaluate time. Each advance of 15 of longitude represents about one hour’s time in terms of measurement by the sun.







General- What's it like to live there? How you describe your surroundings to others? Landforms, bodies of water, vegetation

  • General- What's it like to live there? How you describe your surroundings to others? Landforms, bodies of water, vegetation

  • Describe the physical features - mountains, deserts, forest, rivers. Mt. Everest is a physical place.

  • Describe the cultural features like a “neighborhood”– Stores close on Saturday in Cedarhurst because many people are religious. Theatre district- Broadway in NYC supports the theatre and arts. If you want borsht you go to Brighton Beach. You will find Chinese food in Chinatown.



  • Only 30% of the earth is covered by land, from huge continents to small islands.

  • Landforms include: hills, mountains, isthmus, peninsula and islands

  • Maps use symbols to represent real places like cities and landforms.

  • We can use a map scale to determine distance between two points on a map.

  • Water covers 70% of the earth

  • Oceans and seas are the largest bodies of water; however the oceans are really just one large body of water that flows around the world

  • Water is also found within land masses in the form of rivers and lakes.

  • Many kinds of plants grow on earth

  • Each environment has its own unique plant life; for example in the desert you will find cacti, in the forest you will find trees etc.

  • The natural plant life of a region is called its vegetation.



How do people relate to the land? People change the environment to suit them; for example farmers use water from rivers to irrigate their land for crops, developers fill in marsh land and build homes for people.

  • How do people relate to the land? People change the environment to suit them; for example farmers use water from rivers to irrigate their land for crops, developers fill in marsh land and build homes for people.

  • How do people adapt to their environments? We use air conditioners when it is hot and use warm boots when it is cold we use umbrellas when it rains.



Humans build canals to create waterways for travel.

  • Humans build canals to create waterways for travel.

  • Humans carve out steppes on mountain sides to create more land to grow crops.



 

  •  

  • How are people, goods and ideas moved into and out of this place? 


  • People migrate from place to place. They moved from Ireland to New York.

  • People trade goods when they need something that people have somewhere else in the world.

  • People exchange IDEAS and INFORMATION through the internet, mail, television, newspapers or books.



Humans use planes, trains and trucks to move people and goods around the world, The internet moves ideas and supports commerce.

  • Humans use planes, trains and trucks to move people and goods around the world, The internet moves ideas and supports commerce.



The world has been carved into physical regions – Land with common features such as landscape or climate such as the Rocky Mountains, the Great Plains or Bread Basket..


  • The world has been carved into physical regions – Land with common features such as landscape or climate such as the Rocky Mountains, the Great Plains or Bread Basket..


  • We have also carved the world into cultural regions - the corn belt, the rust belt, the sun belt in the United States, while Europe has been divided into Eastern and Western Europe, Asia into Southern Asia and Eastern Asia.



Geographers invent regions. Regions are subjective. They help us to identify characteristics of the people who live there.

  • Geographers invent regions. Regions are subjective. They help us to identify characteristics of the people who live there.



The prime meridian was officially established as zero degrees longitude at an international conference in 1884.

  • The prime meridian was officially established as zero degrees longitude at an international conference in 1884.

  • While latitude has its zero degree line along the equator, a actual physical feature of the earth, there is no corresponding feature to determine longitude.

  • Prior to 1884, individual countries used their won lines of latitude on maps, however in 1675 the United Kingdom established the Royal Observatory at Greenwich, just outside the city of London.

  • This point then became the established starting location the y-axis for the British coordinate system. By 1884 international travel was common and 41 delegates from twenty-five “nations” met in Washington DC for a conference to establish zero degrees longitude and the prime meridian.

  • With the establishment of the prime meridian and zero degrees longitude at Greenwich, the conference also established time zones.

  • The world was divided into 24 time zones since the earth takes 24 hours to revolve on its axis and thus each time zone was established every 15 degrees of longitude for a total of 360 degrees in a circle.




Do'stlaringiz bilan baham:


Ma'lumotlar bazasi mualliflik huquqi bilan himoyalangan ©fayllar.org 2017
ma'muriyatiga murojaat qiling