Geography of Maine, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island Kelly Hall


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Geography of Maine, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island

  • Kelly Hall

  • Beth Reimer


Maine

  • Coastline length:

  • 367 km (228 mi)

  • Shoreline length: 5,597 km (3,478 mi)



Geography of Coastline



Character of shoreline

  • Rugged rocky shoreline, some sandy beaches, natural harbors, >1,300 rocky islands

  • Largest island: Mount Desert Island

    • Impt. Islands: Vinalhaven Island, Islesboro, Swans Island, Deer Island, Isle au Haut, Monhegan Island
  • Largest Harbor: Portland

    • Impt. Harbors: Boothbay, Rockland, Bar, Eastport


Major Rivers/Estuaries

  • Penobscot River flows East/South to Penebscot Bay

  • Kennebec River flows South to Atlantic

  • Androscoggin River flows South to join Kennebec River



Character of Coastal Region

  • Industries: fishing, shipbuilding, trading center

  • Wildlife: many sea birds, saltwater fish & shellfish – lobster

  • Geology: exposed bedrock, glacial terrain and soils

  • Climate: humid – moderate summers/long winters

    • 24 F – 80 F
    • 40 in. precip.


Tidal Range



Development of Shoreline

  • Coastal Population: 885, 703

  • U.S. rank: 21st of 35



New Hampshire

  • Coastline length:

  • 21 km (13 mi)

  • Shoreline length:

  • 211 km (131 mi)



Geography of Coastline



Character of Shoreline

  • Rocky shores, sandy dunes, some sandy beaches, few islands

  • Isles of Shoals – 10 mi SE of Portsmouth

  • Largest inlet: harbor at Portsmouth



Major Rivers/Estuaries

  • Piscataqua River forms natural harbor at Portsmouth



Character of Coastal Region

  • Industries: tourism, fishing, shipping

  • Wildlife: bald eagles, ospreys

  • Geology: granite, glacial terrain and soils

  • Climate: humid – short summers/long winters

    • 26 F – 70 F
    • 40 in. precip.


Development of Shoreline

  • Coastal Population: 350,078

  • U.S. rank: 29th of 35



Connecticut



Geography of Coastline



Character of Shoreline

  • Rocky inlets, many sandy beaches, stretches of tidal marshes, few small islands

  • Several good natural harbors, coves

  • Most impt. Harbor – New Haven



Major Rivers/Estuaries

  • Connecticut River flows S to Long Island Sound

  • Housatonic River flows SE to Sound

  • Thames River – very long tidal estuary



Character of Coastal Region

  • Industries: shellfish, tourism, marine commerce, defense-related manufacturing

  • Wildlife: Atlantic Salmon, piping pover

  • Climate: Long hot summers, cold winters

  • 30 F – 72 F

  • 50 in. precip.



Tidal Range



Development of Shoreline

  • Coastal population: 2,030,017

  • U.S. rank: 16th of 35



Massachusetts

  • Coastline length:

  • 309 km (192 mi)

  • Shoreline length:

  • 2,445 km (1,519 mi)



Geography of Coastline



Character of Shoreline

  • NE coast: jagged, forested, coves/bays

  • Mid. Atlantic coast: sandy beaches, grassy dunes, marshes

  • Impt. Islands: Martha’s Vineyard, Cape Cod, Nantucket, Elizabeth Island

  • Largest bays: Mass. Bay, Cape Cod Bay, Buzzards Bay

  • Largest harbors: Boston, New Bedford, Salem, Gloucester, Plymouth



Major Rivers/Estuaries

  • Charles River flows to Boston Bay, joins w/ Mystic River

  • Merrimack River flows to Atlantic at Newburyport



Character of Coastal Region

  • Industries: tourism, fishing, shipping, aquaculture

  • Wildlife: Whales

  • Geology: edge of glacial extent, glacial terrrain and soils

  • Climate: humid – long hot summers, cold winters

    • 32 F – 90s F
    • 46 in. precip.


Tidal Range



Coastal population: 4,494,398

  • Coastal population: 4,494,398

  • U.S. rank: 7th of 35



Rhode Island

  • Coastline length:

  • 64 km (40 mi)

  • Shoreline length:

  • 618 km (364 mi)



Geography of Coastline



Character of Shoreline

  • Inlets, islands in Bay, shallow lagoons, salt marshes, long sandy barrier beaches, rocky haedlands w/ sandy beaches

  • Narragansett Bay extends 26 mi inland

    • Impt. Islands: Block Island, Rhode, Connecticut, Prudence
    • 30 smaller islands


Major Rivers/Estuaries

  • Northern R.I. drained by river systems flowing to Narragansett Bay

  • South drains to Atlantic



Character of Coastal Region

  • Industries: Tourism

  • Wildlife: piping plover

  • Climate: humid

    • 30 F – 80s F
    • 46 in. precip.


Tidal Range



Development of Shoreline

  • Coastal population: 685,478

  • U.S. rank: 20th of 35



References:

  • http://www.ocrm.nos.noaa.gov/pdf/statestats.pdf

  • http://www.nescenicphoto.com/

  • http://www.netstate.com/states/maps/md_maps.htm

  • http://www.state.me.us/mcp/online_resources/data_and_maps.html

  • http://encarta.msn.com/encnet/refpages/RefArticle.aspx?refid=761577633

  • http://www.state.nh.us/coastal/

  • http://encarta.msn.com/encnet/refpages/RefArticle.aspx?refid=761577742

  • http://www.seacoastnh.com/arts/photosbook/

  • http://www.state.ma.us/czm/

  • http://encarta.msn.com/encnet/refpages/RefArticle.aspx?refid=761577045

  • http://encarta.msn.com/encnet/refpages/RefArticle.aspx?refid=761577045

  • http://kd.mysearch.myway.com/jsp/GGimg.jsp?st=bar&ptnrS=KD&searchfor=

  • http://tidesonline.nos.noaa.gov/




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