Georgia and the American Experience Chapter 2: This Place We Call Home

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Georgia and the American Experience

  • Chapter 2:

  • This Place We Call Home

  • Study Presentation

Georgia and the American Experience

  • Section 1: Georgia’s Flora and Fauna

  • Section 2: Georgia’s Natural Resources

  • Section 3: Georgia’s Waterways

Section 1: Georgia’s Flora and Fauna

  • Essential Question:

    • What are Georgia’s flora and fauna?

Section 1: Georgia’s Flora and Fauna

  • What geographic terms do I need to know?

  • -- flora

  • -- fauna

  • -- tides

  • -- watershed

What is Flora?

  • Flora: Plants, flowers, and trees

  • 180-day growing period in north Georgia

  • 270-day growing period in the coastal region

  • 23 million acres of forested land

  • Rome’s Marshall Forest: Only virgin forest within a city limits in the United States

  • State known for giant live oaks, pines, peach trees, pecan trees, dogwoods, and cherry blossoms

What is Fauna?

  • Fauna: Animals, reptiles, birds, and sea life

  • White-tailed deer, squirrels, opossums, bats, rabbits, hares, raccoons, and gray foxes

  • State marine mammal: Right (Baleen) whale

  • State bird: Brown thrasher; other birds include quail, doves, hummingbirds, and woodpeckers

Georgia’s Reptiles and Amphibians

  • Snakes include Copperheads, cottonmouths (water moccasins), and rattlesnakes

  • American alligators live in the Coastal Plain region

  • Endangered loggerhead sea turtles live along the barrier islands

  • 24 types of frogs, four species of toads, and 36 kinds of salamanders

Georgia’s Fish and Sea Life

  • Trout fishing is popular in north Georgia

  • Large-mouth bass found across the state in ponds and lakes

  • Blue crabs and pink shrimp popular along the golden isles region

  • Shad, a fish delicacy found in the Ogeechee River near Savannah, has a short harvesting season

Section 2: Georgia’s Natural Resources


    • What are the natural resources of Georgia?

Section 2: Georgia’s Natural Resources

Georgia’s Natural Stone Resources

Kaolin and fuller’s earth

  • Clay products; very profitable

  • Fuller’s earth: Mined in Decatur, Grady, Jefferson, and Thomas counties

  • Fuller’s earth is an absorbent used in kitty litter, for oils and grease, and in soaps and medicines

  • Kaolin: Mined in Fall Line counties in east-central Coastal Plain

  • Kaolin used in paper coating, paint filler, plastics and rubber, as base for porcelain products

Section 3: Georgia’s Waterways


    • How have waterways influenced Georgia’s exploration, settlement, and economic development?

Section 3: Georgia’s Waterways

  • What words do I need to know?

  • -- Atlantic Intracoastal Waterway

  • -- Semidiurnal tides

  • -- Estuaries

  • -- Reservoir

  • -- Aquifer

Atlantic Intracoastal Waterway

  • 1,000-mile inland waterway that runs from New York to Miami, Florida

  • Between Georgia’s barrier islands and the Georgia coast

  • gives commercial and recreational boating traffic safety from storms, strong currents, and waves of ocean routes.

  • Savannah and Brunswick are Georgia’s two deep water ports

Georgia’s Tides

  • A tide is a rise or fall of the sea level caused by gravitational pull of the sun and the moon

  • Georgia’s coastline has six-foot to

  • 9-foot tides

  • Georgia has semidiurnal tides (two high tides and two low tides daily)

  • Spring tides (tides at highest) and neap tides (tides at their lowest)

Coastal Waterways: The Saltwater Marshes

  • Four- to six-mile band of saltwater marshes are between barrier islands and the mainland

  • These marshes cover about 500,000 acres

  • Cordgrass makes up 95 percent of the saltwater marsh vegetation

  • Sand fiddlers, mud fiddlers, snails, and crabs are common

  • Provide food for herons, egrets, ibis, sandpipers, and the endangered wood storks

Coastal Waterways: Sloughs and Estuaries

  • Freshwater sloughs (pronounced “slaws”) are small ponds, swamps, and freshwater marshes

  • Develop from marsh creeks that lose tidal flow

  • Provides fresh water for forest animals

  • Estuaries occur when freshwater rivers and salt water mix; include tidal rivers, sounds, and marsh creeks

  • Crab, shrimp, fish, and shellfish thrive in these waters

Georgia’s Rivers

  • Twelve principal river systems

  • Savannah, Ogeechee, Altamaha (which combines Oconee and Ocmulgee), and Satilla rivers flow into Atlantic Ocean

  • Chattahoochee and Flint rivers become part of Gulf of Mexico

  • Oostanaula and Etowah rivers form the Coosa River, which flows through Alabama to the Gulf.

  • Alapaha, Suwannee, and St. Mary’s form the Georgia-Florida border

Georgia’s Lakes

  • No large natural lakes, but network of lakes formed from river system

  • Many large lakes created by U.S. Corps of Engineers and the Georgia Power Company

  • Carter Lake, Lake Lanier, Walter George, West Point, and Seminole generate hydroelectric power

  • Thurmond Lake, Lake Oconee, and Lake Hartwell provide fishing, recreation, and boating opportunities

Georgia’s Ports

  • Bainbridge and Columbus harbor two inland barge terminals

  • Savannah’s port, the nation’s fifth largest container port, focuses on containerized cargo

  • Brunswick’s port handles auto shipping, heavy equipment, farm machinery, and luxury tour buses

Reservoirs and Aquifers

  • Little groundwater in northern half of Georgia

  • Manmade Reservoirs (holding tanks) provide much water for northern Georgia

  • Georgia major aquifers (natural water storage tanks) are in Coastal Plain

  • Augusta features a nine-mile canal; today it is a National Park Heritage Area

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