Golden Age


Download 461 b.
Sana11.06.2018
Hajmi461 b.





Golden Age



















Shang Dynasty : Chinese already knew how to weave silk threads, a well-kept secret

  • Shang Dynasty : Chinese already knew how to weave silk threads, a well-kept secret

  • Silk became an important export item in China’s trade because foreigners like it

  • Han Dynasty : Seen by many as an age of great wealth and expansion; also many inventions

  • Among the greatest of inventions is the seismograph



Zhang Heng, an inventor, was a scientist in the royal court

  • Zhang Heng, an inventor, was a scientist in the royal court

  • He invented the seismograph, an instrument which can predict earthquakes

  • In China, earthquakes resulted in floods and famines, leading to civil disprder and riots

  • Thus important for the Emperor to be able to predict earthquakes, especially since the people saw earthquakes as a sign that the Emperor was not favoured by Heaven and needed to be overthrown



Paper : Han Dynasty - Chinese made paper from plant fibres

  • Paper : Han Dynasty - Chinese made paper from plant fibres

  • It was first used to wrap things and as blankets

  • Only later did the Chinese use it for writing rather than on bamboo or silk

  • The use of paper spread to all parts of the world

  • Printing : Before printing was invented, each book had to be handwritten

  • Invention of block printing in the Tang Dynasty, ore books became readily accessible

  • Can you remember what was the earliest printed books?



The Diamond Sutra – a book of Buddhist prayers; printed using the woodblock printing method

  • The Diamond Sutra – a book of Buddhist prayers; printed using the woodblock printing method

  • Printing probably originated because of the need to spread Buddhism

  • This, in turn, resulted in the development of education and literature



Compass : Invented more than 2000 years ago

  • Compass : Invented more than 2000 years ago

  • First used in town planning to ensure new houses were built in the correct direction

  • During Song period, used for navigation at sea

  • Gunpowder : invented in the Tang period

  • Used to make fire works and fire arrows

  • In the Song period, bombs were made which created a loud explosive noise and were used to frighten enemies horses

  • Fire arrows were the earliest weapons used

  • See pg 73

  • Only in the Song Dynasty was an arsenal set up to make gunpowder



Acupuncture : Involved needles being placed at special points in the body to cure illnesses

  • Acupuncture : Involved needles being placed at special points in the body to cure illnesses

  • The aim was to affect the balance between systems of energy in the body



Sima Qian : A court historian during the reign of Han Wudi

  • Sima Qian : A court historian during the reign of Han Wudi

  • Wrote the Shiji, a historical account of Chinese history from the earliest times

  • Based on oral and written evidence

  • The Shiji is actually the first real work on Chinese history

  • It was designed to cover the whole of history in the eyes of the Chinese

  • This was a new approach to writing history

  • Used as a model by later historians



Tang Period : Well-known for poetry and calligraphy; these were subjects included in the Imperial Examinations

  • Tang Period : Well-known for poetry and calligraphy; these were subjects included in the Imperial Examinations

  • Famous Tang poets : Li Bai and Du Fu

  • Even today, their poetry is still appreciated



Buddhism an important theme in the sculptures of the period

  • Buddhism an important theme in the sculptures of the period

  • As we know, Wu Zetian supported the spread of Buddhism

  • She built many Buddhist sculptures and monuments in China and along the Silk Road



Tang Dynasty : Tang artist paid great attention to detail

  • Tang Dynasty : Tang artist paid great attention to detail

  • Meant to achieve a lifelike finish to their paintings and sculptures

  • Song Dynasty : Painters painted landscape paintings with mountains, waterfalls, rivers and forests

  • Human figures were kept small and insignificant

  • The aim was to unite heaven and earth in a landscape

  • Paintings were done on silk or paper in the form of hanging scrolls, handscrolls or fans







Tang pottery is still famous today

  • Tang pottery is still famous today

  • Painted in 3 colours : cream, chestnut-brown and green

  • Porcelain was of high quality and in very great demand by foreign traders

  • Very few intact pieces have survived from Tang times







This is Qin Shu Bao

  • This is Qin Shu Bao

  • Qin Shu Bao, together with Wei Chi Jing De were generals during the Tang Dynasty in 618 BC

  • Possessed with special powers, they were called upon to protect the Emperor Tang Taizong from the Dragon King who swore vengence on the Emperor during a conflict

  • In popular Chinese beliefs, they are the guardians of doorways. These two statues were built in 1975 and weigh 3 tons each.

  • Both statues are found outside the Hilton Hotel along Orchard Road



SEA performing arts – borrowed ideas from India

  • SEA performing arts – borrowed ideas from India

  • The story of Rama and episodes from the Mahabharata are still being told in dance, recitation and drama all over SEA

  • Performed in villages and courts of the kings

  • Ramayana adapted to suit many SEA cultures

  • Eg Indonesians still watch wayang kulit or shadow puppet plays about the exploits of Rama

  • Scenes from the Mahabharata are also portrayed in the wayang orang, another form of theatre in Java



In SEA, the Golden Age of Java was achieved during the Majapahit empire – the empire that arose in the late 13thC after the decline of Srivijaya

  • In SEA, the Golden Age of Java was achieved during the Majapahit empire – the empire that arose in the late 13thC after the decline of Srivijaya

  • Works of literature thrived during the time of Gagah Mada, a famous PM of King Hayam Wuruk of Majapahit

  • Nagarakertagama – a poem by a Buddhist monk that is one of the most famous works of the time



Language : Pali, a language used in Buddhist writings and Sanskrit, an ancient Indo-European language form the basis of many words today

  • Language : Pali, a language used in Buddhist writings and Sanskrit, an ancient Indo-European language form the basis of many words today

  • Malay, Thai, Khmer (language of Kampuchea) also borrowed from these languages

  • Jawi : a modified Arab script is used to write Malay in SEA

  • Many Malay words are borrowed from Arabic

    • “qasi” the Arabic word for “judge” of “kadhi”


Bronze and stone statues in SEA inspired by Buddhist and Hindu ideas

  • Bronze and stone statues in SEA inspired by Buddhist and Hindu ideas

  • Originally copied from those in India

  • Later, statues were adapted and carved differently

  • Eg Hindu gods Vishnu and Shiva and that of Buddha



In SEA, architecture also influenced by Hinduism and Buddhism

  • In SEA, architecture also influenced by Hinduism and Buddhism

  • Most well-known works in SEA : Borobudur and Angkor Wat

  • Although inspired by Hinduism and Buddhism, they show the creativity of SEA

  • Islamic influences can also be seen in the designs of mosques







Porcelain was made from a special white clay that had been mixed with powdered rock, made moist and worked into a paste

  • Porcelain was made from a special white clay that had been mixed with powdered rock, made moist and worked into a paste

  • A potter’s wheel or mould was used to shape the pots

  • Glazes were also used to give porcelain a soft, rich colour and a shine

  • Chinese porcelain was so prized by Europeans in the West that they called it “china”, meaning quality porcelain.




Do'stlaringiz bilan baham:


Ma'lumotlar bazasi mualliflik huquqi bilan himoyalangan ©fayllar.org 2017
ma'muriyatiga murojaat qiling