Hazardous Materials Awareness Blountstown Fire Department


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Hazardous Materials Awareness

  • Blountstown Fire Department

  • Training Division


Involved Standards and Regulations

  • OSHA, 29 CFR 1910.120 and EPA, 40 CFR Part 311: Requires all first responders to be trained at the Awareness level and use of the ERG

  • NFPA 704: Standard for hazardous materials marking and placards.



First Responder Awareness Level

  • Recognize Potential Incident

  • Call For Assistance

  • Take No Further Action

  • Not Part of the Emergency Response



Operations Level

  • Defensive Operations- Outside Release Area

  • Decon Assistance, containment outside release area

  • Dispatched As Part of the Initial Response



Technician Level



Specialist Level

  • Enhanced or Specialized Task Specific Training



Incident Commander Level

  • At Least Operations Level Certified

  • Trained in ICS



The Role of the Awareness Level First Responder

  • R N I

  • Recognition of the hazardous chemical

  • Notification of the proper authorities

  • Isolation of the area around the incident

  • *NEVER attempt to mitigate the scene without proper PPE and training.



Elements of Recognition

  • Container Shape and Type



RNI continued……..

  • Markings

  • -Placards

  • -Only required for vehicles transporting 1000 lbs of product or more.

  • -Labels on packages or containers

  • -Signage or Stenciling

  • -Color Coding

  • **No Marking requirement for fixed facilities.



Using “Context Clues”

  • What is typical for the Occupancy?

  • Use your senses

  • -Sight- Effects on humans, animals and plants.

  • Form the spilled material takes (gas/solid/liquid)

  • -Sound- noise from product being released

  • sound of relief valves operating

  • sound of victims screaming

  • -Smell- not typically recommended. Generally if you smell it, it’s too late.



Context Clues continued…..



The ERG

  • Each Chemical has a 4 digit ID number

  • ***If the chemical name is highlighted go directly to the “GREEN” section.

  • If the chemical is not highlighted, find the guide number and locate it in the ORANGE section.

  • If a number cannot be found but if the chemical is known it may be looked up alphabetically.



Unknown Substance

  • If a reference guide cannot be found and an incident is thought to involve dangerous chemicals

  • TURN TO GUIDE 111 and use until more information comes available.



Guidebook Contents



Yellow Bordered Pages

  • Lists dangerous chemicals in numerical order of ID number

  • For Example

  • ID # Guide # Name of Material

  • 1203 128 Gasoline



Blue Bordered Pages

  • Lists dangerous goods in alphabetical order of material name.

  • For Example

  • Material Name Guide No. ID No.

  • Toluene 130 1294



Orange Bordered Pages

  • THE MOST IMPORTANT SECTION OF THE GUIDEBOOK!!!!

  • Gives safety recommendations and emergency response information.

  • The left hand page provides safety related information

  • The right hand page provides emergency response guidance and activities for fires, spills, leaks and first aid.



Green Bordered Pages

  • Contains a table which lists by number TIH (toxic inhalation hazards) and initial isolation distances.

  • For Example

  • Find Chlorine in the ERG and give the initial isolation distance for a small spill at night .

  • SMALL SPILL: Less than 200 Liters

  • LARGE SPILL: Greater than 200 Liters



Safety Precautions

  • Always approach the scene uphill and upwind.

  • Secure the scene outside the HOT Zone.

  • Gather as much information as possible, identify the hazards if possible.

  • Asses the situation

  • *Is there a fire, spill or leak?

  • *What are the weather conditions?

  • *What is the terrain like?

  • *Who is at risk: people, property or environment?

  • *What actions should be taken?

  • *What can be done immediately?

  • Obtain Help: Call the appropriate authorities.



Who do I call?

  • Notify your local Emergency Operations Center.

  • Notify the emergency response number on the shipping documents.

  • Contact the appropriate National Agency if necessary.

  • For Domestic shipments call CHEMTREC 1-800-424-9300 (p. 10)

  • For military shipments with explosives or ammunitions 703-697-8703 all others call 1-800-851-8061

  • Nationwide Poison Control Center 1-800-222-1222



Establish Operational Zones

  • Hot Zone- Area near the release. Usually requires specialized clothing to enter. Perimeter can be outlined using the ERG’s Initial Isolation Distances.

  • Warm Zone- Area used for decon. Size dependent on space needed. Requires specialized clothing one level below hot zone. Should be a limited access area.



Operational Zones continued…

  • Cold Zone- Operational area outside warm zone. Used for staging resources and Incident Command. No special clothing requirements.



Identifying Chemicals

  • The placard system is the most common identification system in hazardous materials transport.

  • Notice the color and picture on the placard.

  • Notice the ID number on the placard.

  • Notice the shape and size of the container.









Intermodal Containers

  • Intermodal containers have been shipped internationally or across great distances with varying identification systems.











  • ALWAYS approach pressurized tanks from the center. The end caps are the weakest point and the most dangerous!



Vehicle Crash involving a semi-tractor trailer displaying this placard:



The vehicle it collided with was displaying this placard and is now making a hissing noise from the rear compartment.



A farmer’s truck rolls over and catches fire, he’s carrying 25 bags of the substance pictured below:



You’ve been called to a structure fire in the front of a building. While performing a primary search, you and your partner come across this scene:




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