# High School Level Physics Glossary English / Uzbek Glossar y

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D

damage

shikast, shikastlamoq

dart

data

ma’lumotlar

de Broglie Principle

de Broyl prinsipi

decay

parchalanish

deceleration

susayish

deci

detsi-

decibel

detsibel

decimeter

detsimetr

deck

paluba

decrease

pasaymoq, pasayish

define

ta’rif bermoq

definite

muayyan

deformation

deformatsiya

degree

deka = deca

deka-

decameter

dekametr

deliver

yetkazib bermoq

demonstration

namoyish etish

density

zichlik

depend

bog‘liq bo‘lmoq

dependent variable

qaram o‘zgaruvchan qiymat

derive

chiqarib olmoq

derived unit

hosil bo‘lgan birlik

descend

pasaymoq, enmoq

descent

pasayish

design

dizayn

destructive

buzuvchi

destructive interference

buzuvchi aralashuv

detection

payqash

detector

detektor

determine

aniqlamoq

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deviate

og‘moq

device

qurilma

dewdrop

shudring tomchisi

dew point

shudring nuqtasi

diameter

diametr

diamond

olmos

diaphragm

diafragma

differ

farqlanmoq

difference in electric potential

elektr potensiallarining tafovuti

diffract

og‘dirmoq

diffraction

difraksiya

diffraction grating

difraksiya panjarasi

diffuse

tarqatmoq

diffuse reflection

diffuziya aksi

digit

raqam

dimension

o‘lcham

dimmer

yorug‘lik kuchi regulyatori

dip

botirmoq

direction

yo‘nalish

directly

bevosita

discover

topmoq, aniqlamoq

disintegrate

parchalamoq

disorder

tartibsizlik

disperse

chang qilib sepmoq

dispersion

dispersiya

displace

joyidan ko‘chirmoq

displacement

joyidan ko‘chirish

disprove

disregard

e’tiborsiz qoldirmoq

dissipate

sochmoq

dissonance

dissonans

distance

masofa

distant

uzoq

distort

buzib ko‘rsatmoq

distortion

buzib ko‘rsatish

distribute

tarqatmoq

disturb

xalaqit bermoq

disturbance

xalal

dive

sho‘ng‘imoq

diver

sho‘ng‘uvchi

diverge

tarqalmoq

diverging lens

tarqatuvchi linza

divide

bo‘lmoq

divider

bo‘luvchi

division

bo‘lish

dock

dockhand

port ishchisi

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dog

it

domain

domen

Doppler

Doppler

Doppler effect

Doppler effekti

Doppler shift

Doppler siljishi

double

Ikki hissa

double slit diffraction

Ikki tirqishli difraksiya

drag

tortmoq

draw

totib chiqarmoq

drop

qulamoq, tommoq

droplet

tomchi

drum

baraban

ductility

qayishqoqlik

dust

chang

dynamics

dinamika

E

ear

quloq

eardrum

quloq pardasi

echo

eclipse

tutilish

eclipse of the sun

quyosh tutilishi

ecological

ekologiyaga oid

ecology

ekologiya

economical

iqtisodiy

effect

samara

effective

samarali

effective resistance

samarali qarshilik

effectively

samara beruvchi

efficiency

effort

sa’y-harakat

Einstein

Eynshteyn

elastic

qayishqoq

elastic collision

qayishqoq to‘qnashuv

elasticity

qayishqoqlik

electric

elektrga oid

electric current

elektr toki

electric field

elektr maydoni

electric field intensity

elektr maydoni kuchlanishi

electric field line

elektr maydonining kuch chizig‘i

electric force

elektrning harakatlantiruvchi kuchi

electric generator

elektr toki generatori

electric potential

elektr potensiali

electrode

elektrod

electromagnet

elektr magniti

electromagnetic

elektr magnitiga oid

electromagnetic force

elektr magniti kuchi

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electromagnetic induction

elektr magniti induksiyasi

electromagnetic wave

elektr magniti to‘lqini

electromagnetism

elektromagnetizm

electromotive (EMF)

elektrning harakatlantiruvchi kuchi (EHK)

electron

elektron

electron cloud

elektron buluti

electroscope

elektroskop

elevator

lift

eliminate

bartaraf qilmoq

ellipse

ellips

elongation

uzaytirish

embed

kiritmoq

emerge

paydo bo‘lmoq

emergency

ko‘zda tutilmagan holat

emission spectrum

nurlanish spektri

emit

nur chiqarmoq

empirical

empirik

enable

imkoniyat bermoq, faollashtirmoq

enclose

ichiga olmoq

encounter

to‘qnash kelmoq

energetic

energetikaga oid

energetic state

ehergetik holat

energy

energiya

energy crisis

energetika tangligi

energy level

energiya darajasi

engineer

muhandis

enormous

ulkan

enrichment

boyish, boyitish

enter

kirmoq

entropy

entropiya

equation

tenglama

equator

ekvator

equilibrant

muvozanatda tutuvchi

equilibrant force

muvozanatda tutuvchi kuch

equilibrium

muvozanat

equilibrium position

muvozanat holati

equipment

uskuna

equivalent

ekvivalent

erect

chiqarmoq, yuksaltirmoq

essence

mohiyat

essentially

mohiyatan

ether

efir

evaporate

bug‘lanmoq

evaporation

bug‘lanish

evenly

teng

evenness

tenglik

eventually

oxirida

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evidence

isbot

except

…dan tashqari

exception

istisno

excited state

hayajonli holat

exert

bosim o‘tkazmoq

exhaust

oriqla(t)moq

exhibit

ko‘rgazmaga qo‘ymoq

exist

mavjud bo‘lmoq

expand

kengaytirmoq

expansion

kengaytirish

expect

kutmoq

expel

siqib chiqarmoq

experiment

tajriba

explore

exponent

Eksponent, tushunturuvichi

exponential

eksponentsial

exponential notation

eksponentsial taqdimot

exposure

ekspozitsiya

express

ifoda qilmoq

extend

uzaytirmoq

external

tashqi

external force

tashqi kuch

extrapolation

ekstrapolyatsiya

extreme

o‘ta

extremely

F

faint

kuchsiz

farsightedness

uzoqni yaxshi ko‘rish

feat

mahorat, qahramonlik

fiber

tola

fiber optics

tola optikasi

fiction

o‘ylab topilshan narsa, uydirma

field

maydon

filament

ipsimon tola

final velocity

so‘nggi tezlik

finger

barmoq

first law of motion

harakatning birinchi qonuni

first neutron

birinchi neytron

first-order-line

birinchi tartib chizig‘i

fission

parchalanish

fixed

qayd etilgan; qotirilgan

flame

olov

flare

mash’al

flatten

tekislamoq

flick

chaqnash

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flint glass

rangsiz oyna

float

fluid

suyuqlik

fluorescent lamp

kunduzgi yorug‘lik chirog‘i

flute

tarnovcha

flux

oqim

focal

fokusga oid

focal length

focus masofasi

focal point

focus nuqtasi

focus

fokus

fog

tuman

force

kuch

force of friction

ishqalanish kuchi

fork

sanchqi

form

shakl

fraction

kasr

frame

rom

frame of reference

sanoqni boshlash tizimi

framework

struktura

freedom

ozodlik

free-fall

erkin qulash

freezing point

muzlash nuqtasi

Freon

freon

frequency

chastota

frequently

tez-tez

friction

ishqalanish

frictional

ishqalanishga oid

frictionless

ishqalanishsiz

frozen

muzlagan

fundamental

(soluvchi)

fur

mo‘yna

furthermore

bundan tashqari

fuse

eritmoq

G

gain

ko’paytirish, oshirish

galaxy

galaktika

galvanometer

galvanometr

galvanic

galvanik

galvanic cell

galvanik yacheyka

Gamma ray

gamma-nur

gap

oraliq, bo’shliq

gas

gaz

gas law

ideal gaz holati tenglamasi

gaseous

gazsimon

gasoline

benzin

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gauge

o‘lchash asbobi

Geiger-Muller tube

Geyger-Myuller hisoblagichi

general theory of relativity

umumiy nisbiylik nazariyasi

generate

hosil qilmoq

germanium

germaniy

giga

giga-

give

bermoq

glance

yaltirash

glass

oyna

glider

planyor

gluon

glyuon

gold

oltin

govern

boshqarmoq

asta-sekin

asta-sekin

grain

don

grains

don-dun

gram

gramm

graph

grafik

graphical

grafikka oid

grating

panjara

gravitation

tortish kuchi

gravitational field

gravitatsiya maydoni

gravitational force

gravitatsiya kuchi

gravitation mass

gravitatsiya massasi

gravitation potential energy

gravitatsiyaning potensial energiyasi

graviton

graviton

gravity

tortish kuchi

green

yashil

ground state

asosiy holat

grounding

yerga ulash

gyroscope

giroskop

H

Half-life

yarim parchalanish davri

halt

to‘xtash

hammer

bolg‘a

handle

dastak

harmonic

garmonika

harmonious

garmonik

haul

tortmoq

fara

heat

issiqlik

heat effect

issiqlik effekti

heat engine

issiqlik dvigateli

heat of fusion

erish issiqligi

heat of vaporization

bug‘lanish issiqligi

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heat pump

issiqlik nasosi

specific heat

solishtirma issiqlik

heavy

og‘ir

hecto

gekto-

hectometer

gektometr

height

balandlik

Heisenberg uncertainty principle

Heyzenbergning noaniqlik prinsipi

helicopter

vertolyot

Helium

geliy

hence

binobarin

Hertz

gerts

high temperature source

yuqori harorat manbasi

hiker

yayov yuruvchi sayyoh

hilly

qirli

hockey

hokkey

hollow

bo‘sh

Hooke’s law

Huk qonuni

horizontally

gorizontal

horn

sirena

huge

ulkan

hull

korpus

hydraulic

gidravlikaga oid

hydraulic system

gidravlika tizimi

hydrogen

vodorod

hydrodynamics

gidrodinamika

hydrostatics

gidrostatika

I

ideal

ideal

ideal gas

Ideal gaz

ideal gas law

Ideal gaz holati tenglamasi

kuchning ideal ustunligi (KIY)

ignite

yoqmoq, yondirmoq

ignition

yoqish

illuminance

yoritilganlik

illuminate

yoritmoq

illuminated body

yoritilgan jism

illumination

yoritish

illusion

illyuziya

image

tasvir

imagine

tasavvur qilmoq

immerse

botirmoq

immersion

botirish

immersion heater

botirish isitgichi

impart

harakatga keltirmoq

implication

taalluqlilik

impossible

mumkin bo‘lmagan

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impulse

impuls

incandescent

qattiq qizigan

incandescent lamp

cho‘glanma chiroq

incident

qulovchi, yiqiluvchi

Incident pulse

qulash impulsi

Incident wave

qulash to‘lqini

incision

kesim

inclined

qiyaga oid

Inclined plane

qiya tekislik

incompressible

siqilmaydigan

increase

oshmoq, oshish

independent variable

mustaqil o‘zgaruvchan qiymat

independence

mustaqillik

Index of refraction

sinish koeffitsiyenti (masalan, nurning)

indicate

ko‘rsatmoq

indication

ko‘rsatish

individual

individual

induction

induksiya

inductive reactance

Induktiv reaktiv to‘qnashuv

inelastic

qayishqoq bo‘lmagan

inelastic collision

qayishqoq bo‘lmagan to‘qnashuv

inertia

inertsiya

inertial mass

inertsiyali massa

inexpensive

qimmat bo‘lmagan

inflate

shishirmoq

influence

ta’sir

initial

dastlabki

initial momentum

dastlabki impuls

initial velocity

dastlabki tezlik

inner ear

ichki quloq

input

kiritmoq

insect

hasharot

insert

ishga kiritmoq

instant

zudlik bilan

instantaneous

oniy

instantaneous speed

oniy tezlik (skalyar qiymat)

instantaneous velocity

oniy tezlik (vektorli qiymat)

instantaneously

bir onda

o‘rniga

instrument

o‘lchov asbobi

insulate

izolyatsiyalamoq

insulator

izolyatsiya materiali

intake

oqib kirish

integer

butun son

integrate

birlashtirmoq

integrated circuit

integral sxema

intensity

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interaction

o‘zaro harakat

intercept

tutib olmoq

interfere

aralashmoq

interference

aralashish, interferensiya

intermediate

oraliq

internal

ichki

internal energy

ichki energiya

internal force

ichki kuch

interparticle

zarralararo

interpretation

talqin

interrupt (to)

bo‘lib qo‘ymoq

interstellar

yulduzlararo

interval

interval

interlock

o‘zaro to‘sib qo‘ymoq

invent

kashf qimoq

inverse

teskari

inverse variation

teskari proporsionallik qonuni bo‘yicha o‘zgar(tir)ish

inversely

teskari proporsional

invert

aylantirmoq

investigate

inward

ichkari tomon yo‘nalgan

ion

ion

iridium

iridiy

iron

temir

irrigate

sug‘ormaq

isolate

izolyatsiyalamoq

isolated system

izolyatsiyalangan tizim

isotope

izotop

J

jet plane

reaktiv samolyot, reaktiv uchoq

jeweler

zargar

joule

joul

Jupiter

Yupiter

K

Kelvin

Kelvin

Kelvin scale

Kelvin shklasi

kidney

kilo

kilo

kilogram

kilogramm

kilometer

kilometr

kilopascal

kilowatt

kilovatt

kilowatt hour

kilovatt soat

kinematics

kinematika

kinetic energy

kinetik energiya

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kinetic molecular theory

kinetik molekulyar nazariya

kinetic theory

kinetik nazariya

knapsack

kitob sumka

knob

to‘g‘rilash dastagi

krypton

kripton

L

laboratory

laboratoriya

lack

yetishmovchilik

laser

laser

lattice

panjara, to‘r

launch

ishga tushirmoq

law

qonun

law of action and reaction

harakat va qarshi harakat qonuni

law of conservation of momentum

impulsning saqlasnish qonuni

lawn

ko‘kalam

lawn mower

ko‘kalam o‘ruvchi uskuna

qo‘rg‘oshin

leak

sizib oqib chiqmoq

ledge

karniz

left-hand rule

chap qo‘l qoidasi

legend

shartli belgilar

length

uzunlik

lengthen

uzaytirmoq

lens

linza

Lenz’s Law

Lents qonuni

lepton

lepton

level

daraja

lever

richag, pishang

Leyden Jar

Leydan bankasi

liberate

ozod qilmoq

librarian

kutubxonachi

lift

ko‘tarmoq

light

yorug‘lik

light wave

yorug‘lik to‘lqini

likewise

shu tariqa

line

chiziq, liniya

linear

chiziqqa oid

linear accelerator

chiziqli tezlashtirgich

linear equation

chiziqli tenglama

liner

layner

lip

chet

liquefy

suyuq holatga yetkazmoq

liquid

suyuqlik

liter

litr

literally

aynan

location

manzil, joylashgan yer

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lodestone

megnetit

longitudinal

bo‘ylama, uzunasiga

longitudinal wave

bo‘ylama to‘lqin

loudness

ovoz balandligi

loudspeaker

dinamik

low

past

low temperature sink

past temperaturani qabul qiluvchi qurilma

lubricant

yog‘lash moyi

lumen

lyumen

luminous

yorug‘likka oid

luminous flux

yorug‘lik oqimi

luminous intensity

yorug‘lik kuchi

lunar

oyga oid

lunar module

oy moduli

lung

o‘pka

M

magenta

fuksin

magnet

magnit, ohanrabo

magnetic

magnitga oid

magnetic field

magnit maydoni

magnetic field line

magnit maydoni chizig‘i

magnetic flux

magnit oqimi

magnetic induction

magnit induksiyasi

magnetism

magnetizm

magnification

kattalashtirish

magnify

kattalashtirmoq

magnifying glass

kattalashtiruvchi shisha, lupa

magnitude

magnituda

maintain

qo‘llab-quvvatlamoq

malleability

bolg‘alanuvchanlik

manner

usul

manufacture

ishlab chiqarish

mass

massa

mass defect

massa defekti

mass number

massa soni

mass spectrograph

massa spektrografi

massive

katta, og‘ir, zil, salmoqli, salmoqdor

mathematical science

matematika fanlari

mathematically

matematikaga oid

mathematician

matematik

matter

materiya

matter wave

materiya to‘lqini

maximum

maksimal qiymat

mean

o‘rta qiymat

measurable

measurement

o‘lchash

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kuchdan yutish

mechanical energy

mexanik energiya

mechanical force

mexanik kuch

mechanical wave

mexanik to‘lqin

medical

tibbiy

medium

o‘rta

mega

mega-

megahertz

megagerts

megawatt

megavatt

melt

eri(t)moq

melting point

erish nuqtasi

membrane

membrana

mercury

simob

mercury barometer

simobli barometr

meson

mezon

metabolism

modda almashinuvi

metal runner

to‘siq karkasining metall o‘ramasi

meteorology

meteorologiya

meteoroid

meteor jism

methanol

metanol

method

usul

meticulously

sinchiklab

metric system

metrik tizim

micro

mikro

microphone

mikrofon

microprocessor

mikroprosessor

microscope

mikroskop

microscopic

mikroskopga oid

microwave

mikroto‘lqin

middle ear

o‘rta quloq

Milky Way Galaxy

Somon Yo‘li galaktikasi

milli

milli-

milliampere

milliamper

millibar

millibar

milligram

milligramm

milliliter

millilitr

millimeter

millimetr

mirage

sarob

mirror

ko‘zgu

mix

aralashtirmoq

mixed

aralash

mixture

aralashma

moderate

moderator

moderator

modification

o‘zgartirish

modify

o‘zgartirmoq

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UZBEK

module

modul

mole

mol

molecule

molekula

momenta

impulslar

momentum

impuls

motion

harakat

mouthpiece

mundshtuk

mower

o‘rgich

mud

balchiq

multiple

ko‘p marta

multiplication

ko‘paytirish

multiply

ko‘paytirmoq

muon=meson

myuon=mezon

mutual

o‘zaro

mutually

o‘zaro

muzzle

uchlik

N

Nano

nano-

nanometer

nanometr

nanosecond

nanosoniya

naphtha

ligroin

nasal

burunga oid

natural

tabiiy

nature of the surface

yuza ko‘rinishi

nearsightedness

uzoqni yaxshi ko‘ra olmaslik

negative

manfiy

negative charge

neon

neon

net force

teng harakat qiluvchi kuch

neutral

betaraf, neytral

neutrino

neytrino

neutron

neytron

newton

nyuton

Newton

Nyuton

Newton’s First Law of Motion

Nyutonning birinchi harakat qonuni

Newton’s Second Law of Motion

Nyutonning ikkinchi harakat qonuni

Newton’s Third Law of Motion

Nyutonning uchinchi harakat qonuni

nickel

nikel

nitrogen

azot

nodal

tugunga oid

nodal line

tugunlar chizig‘i

node

tugun

non perpendicular component

perpendukulyar bo‘lmagan komponent

non perpendicular component of vector

vektorning perpendukulyar bo‘lmagan komponenti

normal force

standart kuch

north pole

Shimoliy magnit qutbi

PHYSICS GLOSSARY – HIGH SCHOOL LEVEL

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UZBEK

North Pole

Shimoliy qutb

Northern Hemisphere

Shimoliy yarim shar

northern light

shimol yog‘dusi

notation

belgi, ishora

note

qayd, izoh

nuclear

nuclear bombardment

nuclear model

nuclear potential energy

nuclear reaction

nuclei

nucleon

nuklon

nucleus

nuclide

nuklid

numerically

son qiymatida

O

obey

rioya qilmoq

oboe

goboy

observable

observation

kuzatish

observatory

observe

kuzatmoq

obstacle

to’siq

obtain

olmoq

occupy

egallamoq

occur

ro‘y bermoq

octagon

oktagon

octagonal

oktagonga oid

octave

oktava

Ohm

Om

Ohm’s Law

Om qonuni

opaque

shaffof bo‘lmagan

operation

ishla(ti)sh

oppose

qarama-qarshi qo‘ymoq

optical

optikaga oid

optical density

optik zichlik

optics

optika

orbit

orbita

organ

organ

orientation

oriyentatsiya

origin

kelib chiqish

oscillate

tebranmoq

oscillation

tebranishlar hosil qilish

oscilloscope

ostsillograf

outer ear

tashqi quloq

outlet

chiqish

PHYSICS GLOSSARY – HIGH SCHOOL LEVEL

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UZBEK

output

chiqarish

outward

tashqi tomonga yo‘nalgan

oval

tuxumsimon

overall

umumiy

ortiqcha yuk, haddan tashqari ko’p yuklamoq

overlook

kuzatmoq

overtones

obertonlar

oxygen

kislorod

P

painstakingly

qunt bilan

palm

hovuch

parabola

parabola

parabolic

parabolaga oid

parachute

parashyut

paraffin

parafin

parallax

parallaks

parallel

parallel

parallel connection

parallel ulash

parallel force

parallel kuch

particle

zarra

particle accelerator

zarralarni tezlashtirish vositasi

Pascal

Pascal’s Principle

patch

kiritma

path

yo‘l

pavement

yo‘lak

peculiar

o‘ziga xos

peculiarity

o‘ziga xoslik

pendulum

mayatnik

performer

ijrochi

perimeter

perimetr

period

davr

periodic

davriy

permanently

doimiy tarzda

perpendicular

perpendikulyar

perpendicular force

perpendikulyar kuch

perpendicularly

perpendukulyar tarzda

perspective

perspektiva

perspiration

ter ajralishi

phase

faza

phenomena

hodisalar

phenomenon

hodisa

philosopher

faylasuf

phosphor

fosfor

phosphorescence

fosforessensiya

photoelectric effect

fotoelektrik effekt

PHYSICS GLOSSARY – HIGH SCHOOL LEVEL

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UZBEK

photoflash

fotochaqmoq

photography

fotosurat

photo resistor

fotorezistor

photovoltaic

fotoelektrik

photovoltaic cell

fotoelektrik element

physical

fizikaga oid

physical phenomena

fizik hodisalar

physicist

fizik

physics

fizika

Pico

piko-

pier

pirs

piezoelectricity

pyezoelektr toki

pig

cho‘chqa

pigment

pigment

pile

qoziqoyoq

pinna

quloq chanog‘i

pipe

quvur

pistol

to‘pponcha

piston

porshen

pitch

smola, chirkay

pith

poya o‘zagi

pith ball

marjon

plane mirror

yassi ko‘zgu

planet

sayyora

plasma

plazma

plastic

plastik

platinum

platina

plot

yer maydoni

plunge

botmoq, ko‘milmoq

polarity

qutblilik

polarized

qutblangan

plane polarized

yassi qutblangan

polarization

qutblash

polarizer

qutblovchi

pole

qutb

pollution

ifloslanish

pound

funt

portion

porsiya

position

pozitsiya

positive

musbat

positive charge

positron

positron

possess

ega bo‘lmoq

postulate

postulat

pot

o‘tga chidamli gildan qilingan qozon

potential

potensial

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UZBEK

potential energy

potensial energiya

potentiometer

potensiometr

pour

quy(il)moq

power

quvvat

practical

amaliy

precise

aniq

precisely

aniq tarzda

precision

aniqlik

predict

oldindan aytib bermoq

predominate

ustunlik qilmoq

prefix

old qo‘shimcha

preliminary

dastlabki

pressure

bosim

presumably

taxminan

prevent

oldini olmoq

previous

oldingi

previously

oldingi

primary

birlamchi

primary coil

birlamchi o‘rash g‘altagi

primary color

birlamchi rang

primary pigment

birlamchi pigment

principle

prinsip

principal axis

bosh o‘q

principal focus

bosh fokus

principal focal point

bosh fokus nuqtasi

principle of superposition

ustiga qo‘yish prinsipi

prism

prizma

probability

ehtimollik

probe

sinov

procedure

tartib, muolaja

process

jarayon

productivity

unumdorlik

programmable

prohibit

taqiqlamoq

project

loyiha

projectile

uchuvchi zarra, tashlangan jism

projectile motion

tashlangan jism harakati

propel

yurish

property

xossa

proportional

proporsional

proportionality

proporsionalllik

proportionality constant

proporsionalllik koeffitsiyenti

propose

taklif qilmoq

proton

proton

protractor

protraktor

prove

isbotlamoq

proximity

yaqinlik

PHYSICS GLOSSARY – HIGH SCHOOL LEVEL

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UZBEK

puck

shayba

puddle

payvandlash vannasi

pull-tab

tortib ochish quloqchasi

pulley

ko‘tarish bloki

pulsar

impuls hosil qiluvchi generator

pulse

impuls

pump

nasos

push

itarmoq

putty

silliqlash moyi (mastikasi)

Pythagorean

Pifagorga oid

Pythagorean theorem

Pifagor teoremasi

Q

to‘rt burchakli

quality

sifat

quantity

miqdor

quantize

kvantlamoq

quantum mechanics

kvant mexanikasi

quantum number

kvantlar soni

quantum theory

kvant nazariyasi

quark

kvark

quark model nucleon

kvark modeli nuklonlari

quotient

koeffitsiyent

R

raceway, racetrack

yugirish yo‘lagi, poyga treki

racquet

raketka

rainbow

kamalak

raise

ko‘tarmoq

ramp

random

tasodifiy

range

diapazon

rank

martaba, unvon

ray

nur

ray optics

nur optikasi

razor

ustara

reaction

reaksiya

tayyor holda

PHYSICS GLOSSARY – HIGH SCHOOL LEVEL

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UZBEK

real

real

real image

real tasvir

realistic

realistik

rebound

urilib qaytish, orqaga urish

reciprocal

o‘zaro teskari

recombine

qayta qombinatsiyalamoq

recognize

tan olmoq

rectangular

to‘g‘ri burchakka oid

red

qizil

redefine

qayta aniqlamoq

reed

tilcha

reestablish

tiklamoq, qayta o‘rnatmoq

refer

havola qilmoq

reference

havola

reference point

bosh nuqta

reflect

aks ettirmoq

reflection

aks

refraction

sinish

refrigerator

muzlatkich

regard

ko‘rib chiqmoq

region

mintaqa

register

qayd etmoq

regular reflection

to‘g‘ri aks ettirish

regulate

tartibga solmoq

reinforce

armaturalamoq, armatura bilan mustahkamlamoq

reinforcement

armaturalash

relate

munosabatda bo‘lmoq

relationship

munosabat

relatively

nisbiy

relativity

nisbiylik

release

chiqarmoq

remain

qolmoq

remainder

qoldiq

remove

olib tashlamoq

renew

yangilamoq

repeat

takrorlamoq

repel

itarmoq, qaytarmoq

repetitious

takrorlanuvchi

replace

almashtirmoq

represent

tamsil etmoq

repulsion

itarmoq

repulsive

itaruvchi

research

resist

qarshilik ko‘rsatmoq

resistance

qarshilik

resistor

rezistor

resolve

hal qilmoq

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UZBEK

resolving power of lens

linzaning hal qiluvchi qobiliyati

resonance

rezonans

respective

tegishli

response

javob bermoq

restatement

qayta shakllantirish

restoring force

tiklovchi kuch

resultant

teng harakat qiluvchi kuch

retain

ushlab qolmoq

retina

parda

reveal

oshkor qilmoq, ko'rsatmoq

reverse

orqaga aylantirmoq

revolve

aylantirmoq

rheostat

reostat

ribbon

lenta

ridge

taroq, toj, qirra

right angle

to‘g‘ri burchak

rigid

qattiq

ripple

urib turmoq

ripple tank

to‘lqinli basseyn

rise

ko‘tarilmoq

rivet

chega, mixparchin

robot

robot

robotics

robotexnika

rocket

raketa

rocking

tebranish

roll

yumalamoq

rope

arqon

rubber ball

rezina to‘p

rush

ildam harakat

S

sac

vtulka

sack

qop

sag

egi(li)sh, buki(li)sh

sailor

dengizchi

sap

tagidan qazmoq

satellite

sun’iy yo‘ldosh

saxophone

saksofon

scaffold

havoza

scalar

skalyar

scalar quantity

skalyar qiymat

scale

shkala

schematic

sxematik

scientific

ilmiy

scientific method

ilmiy usul

scientific notation

ilmiy taqdimot

scintillation

yorug‘lik chaqnashi

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UZBEK

scissors

qaychi

screen

ekran

screw

shurup

screwdriver

otvyortka

scuba

akvalang

sea level

dengiz sathi

seal

plomba

second

ikkinchi

secondary

ikkilamchi

secondary coil

ikkilamchi o‘ram g‘ildiragi

secondary color

ikkilamchi rang

secondary pigment

ikkilamchi pigment

second left-hand rule

ikkinchi chap qo‘l qonuni

second-order line

ikkinchi tartib chizig‘i

selenium

selen

self-inductance

induktivlik

semiconductor

yarim o‘tkazgich

sensation

his qilish

sense

his

sensitive

ta’sirchan, nozik

separate

ajratmoq

separated

ajratilgan

series

ketma-ketlik

series connection

ketma-ket ulanish

series-parallel circuit

elementlarning ketma-ket va parallel ulanish sxemasi

sewing

tikish

sewing needle

tikuv ignasi

soya

shape

shakl

share

ulush

ship builder

kemasoz

shirt

Ko‘ylak

short circuit

qisqa tutashuv

shot-putter

shovel

belkurak

shrink

toraymoq

sidewalk

yo‘lak

sideway

yon yo‘lak

significant

muhim

significant digit

muhim raqam

silicon

kremniy

silk

ipak

silver

kumush

simple harmonic motion

to‘g‘ri chiziq bo‘ylab uyg‘un harakat

simple machine

eng oddiy mexanizm

simplify

soddalashtirmoq

single-flit diffraction

bir tirqishli difraksiya

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UZBEK

sink

cho’kmoq, tushmoq

sine

sinus

sinus

sinus

sinkable

siren

sirena

skating

konkida yurish

skydiver

parashyutdan sakrovchi kishi

sled

chana

sliding friction

sirpanish ishqalanishi

slightly

yengil

slit

tirqish

slope

nishablik

smokestack

mo‘ri

smooth

silliq

snap

qisqich

Snell’s Law

Snell qonuni

snowmobile

qorda yuruvchi mashina

socket

rozetka

sodium

natriy

solar

quyoshga oid

solar cell

quyosh fotoelementi

solid

qattiq

solid state

qattiq holat

solidity

qattiqlik

solution

eritma

sonar

gidrolokator

soot

qurum

soprano

soprano

sound wave

tovush to‘lqini

South Pole

Janubiy qutb

spacecraft

kosmik kema (apparat)

spark

uchqun

specific

alohida

specific heat

solishtirma issiqlik sig‘imi

speck

tomchi

spectrometer

spektrometr

spectroscope

spektroskop

spectrum

spektr

speed

tezlik

sphere

sfera

spherical

sferaga oid

spherical aberration

sfera og‘ishi

spider web

o‘rgimchak to‘ri

spill

toshish

spin

aylantirish

spiral

spiral

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UZBEK

split

parchalanish

spoiler

bo‘lib qo‘yuvchi

spontaneously

o‘z-o‘zidan (tashqari ta’sirsiz, ichki sabablar tufayli)

spoon

qoshiqcha

spray

sepmoq

tarqatmoq

spring

prujina

sprinkle

purkamoq

square

standard atmospheric pressure

normal atmosfera bosimi

startling

state

holat

standing

turuvchi

standing wave

turuvchi to‘lqin

static friction

statik ishqalanish

static electricity

static elektr toki

statics

statika

stationary

statsionar

steam

bug‘

stem

sterjen

step-down transformer

pasaytiruvchi transformator

step-up transformer

oshiruvchi transformator

stick

xivich

stiffness

qattiqlik

still

harakatsiz

stimulate

rag‘batlantirmoq

stimulated emission

majburiy nurlanish

stitch

chok

stone

tosh

store

saqlamoq

straight

to‘g‘ri

straighten

to‘g‘rila(n)moq

strain

deformatsiya

straw

trubkacha

strength

kuch

stretch

cho‘zish

strike

zarba

string

ip, tor

strip

ensiz tasma

strobe

strob-impuls

strobe light

yaltiragan yorug‘lik mayog‘i

strobe photography

stroboskopik fotosurat

strong nuclear force

structure

struktura, tuzilma

subatomic

kichik atomga oid

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UZBEK

submarine

suvosti kemasi

submerge

suvga botmoq

substance

modda

substitute

almashtirmoq

subtraction

ayirish

succession

izchillik

suddenly

qo‘qqisdan

sufficiently

yetarli

sulfide

sulfid

summarize

yakunlamoq

superposition

ustiga qo‘yish

supersonic

tovushdan tez

support

qo‘llamoq

surface

yuza

surface tension

yuza tarangnligi

surface wave

yuza to‘lqini

surgery

jarrohlik operatsiyasi

surplus

oshiqcha narsa

suspect

gumon qilmoq

suspend

to‘xtatib turmoq

Swedish

Shved (Svetsiyaga oid)

sweep

tozalamoq

swing

tebranmoq

swing seat

tebranivchi kreslo (qo‘ltiq)

swirl

girdob

symbol

ramz, belgi

symmetrical

simmetrik

synchrocyclotron

sinxrosiklotron

systematic

tizimli tarzda

systematic method

tizimli usul

T

table

tangent

urinma (egri chiziqning biror nuqtasiga tegib o‘tgan

to‘g‘ri chiziq)

tank

rezervuar

technique

usullar

technologist

texnolog

telescope

teleskop

temperature

temperatura

temperature scale

temperatura shkalasi

temporary

vaqtincha

tend

tamoyilga ega bo‘lmoq

tendency

tamoyil

tensile

tortiluvchi

tension

kuchlanish

terminal velocity

pirovard tezlik

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UZBEK

terrestrial

yerga oid

tesla

tesla

tetrachloride

tetraxlorid

The Law of Conservation of Energy

energiyaning saqlanish qonuni

The Law of Conservation of Momentum

impulsning saqlanish qonuni

The Law of Reflection

Aks ettirish qonuni

The first law of Thermodynamics

termodinamikaning birinchi qonuni

The second law of Thermodynamics

termodinamikaning ikkinchi qonuni

theoretical physicist

nazariyachi fizik

theory

nazariya

theory of relativity

nisbiylik nazariyasi

thermal

issiqlikka oid

thermal energy

issiqlik energiyasi

thermal equilibrium

issiqlik muvozanati

thermal expansion

issiqlikdan kengayish

thermodynamics

termodinamika

thermometer

termometr

thermometry

termometriya

thermonuclear

thermonuclear reaction

thermostat

termostat

thin

yupqa

thin film

yupqa plyonka

thorium

toriy

ip

threshold

ostona

throat

bo‘g‘iz

thumb

bir dyuymga teng uzunlik o‘lchovi

tide

dengiz suvining ko‘tarilishi va pasayishi

tighten

tarang tortmoq

tightly

zich

tilt

qiyalik

timbre

taxta-yog‘och

time

vaqt

tiny

mayda

tire

avtomobil shinasi

tissue

to‘qima

tolerate

yo‘l qo‘ymoq

toner

toner

tongue

til

torr

torr

torsion

aylanish

torsion balance

aylanuvchi tarozi

total internal reflection

to‘liq ichki aks ettirish

tower

minora

tractor

traktor

train

poyezd

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ENGLISH

UZBEK

trajectory

trayektoriya

trampoline

tramplin

tranquilizer

trankvilizator

transducer

o‘zgartirish qurilmasi

transfer

uzatmoq, ko‘chirmoq

transformer

transformator

transistor

tranzistor

translucent

yarim shaffof

transmission

transmissiya

transmit

o‘tkazmoq

transmitted wave

o‘tuvchi to‘lqin

transmutation

transmutatsiya

transparent

shaffof

transverse

ko‘ndalang

transverse wave

ko‘ndalang to‘lqin

trench

transheya

triangle

uchburchak

trigger

ishga tushiruvchi qurilma

trigonometry

trigonometriya

trillion

trillion

trombone

trombon

trough

tarnov

trumpet

truba (musiqa asbobi)

tuba

tuba

tube

naycha

tune

ohang

tuning fork

kamerton

tungsten

volfram

tunnel

tunnel

turbulent

turbulent

twice

Ikki marta

twirl

aylanish

twist

aylantirish

U

ultrasonography

ultratovush yordamida tekshirish

ultrasound

ultratovush

unaffected

ta’sirlanmagan

unavailability

qo‘l yetmaslik

unbalance

muvozanat yo‘qligi

unbalance force

muvozanat yo‘qligi kuchi

uncertainty

noaniqlik

unchanged

o‘zgarmagan

undergo

duchor bo‘lmoq

undiminished

kamaytirilmagan

uniform

bir tekis

uniform acceleration

bir tekis tezlashtirish

PHYSICS GLOSSARY – HIGH SCHOOL LEVEL

NYS Statewide Language RBERN                                                                                                                                          35

ENGLISH

UZBEK

uniform circular motion

aylana bo‘ylab bir tekis harakat

uniformly

bir tekislik

unit

birlik

units of force

kuch birliklari

universe

borliq

unknown

noma’lum

beqaror

upright

tik, vertikal

upward

yuqoriga yo‘nalgan

utensil

idish

V

vacuum

vakuum

valid

haqiqiy

value

qiymat

vapor

bug‘lar

vapor state

bug‘ holati

Vaporization

bug‘lanish

vaporize

bug‘lan(tir)moq

variable

o‘zgaruvchan kattalik

variation

variatsiya

variety

turli-tumanlik

various

turli-tuman

vector

vektor

vector quantity

vektor kattaligi

vector resolution

vektor ajralishi

vector sum

vektor yig‘indisi

vein

pay, qatlam

velocity

tezlik

verification

tasdiqlash

vertex

verteks

vertically

vertikal holatda

vibrate

tebranmoq

vibrational motion

tebranish harakati

violate

buzmoq

virtual

virtual

virtual image

virtual tasvir

viscous

yopishqoq

viscous liquid

yopishqoq suyuqlik

visible

visualize

vocal

ovozga oid

vocal cord

tovush paychasi

volatile

uchuvchan

volatile liquid

uchuvchan suyuqlik

volt

volt

voltaic

voltga oid

PHYSICS GLOSSARY – HIGH SCHOOL LEVEL

NYS Statewide Language RBERN                                                                                                                                          36

ENGLISH

UZBEK

voltaic cell

volt elementi

voltage

kuchlanish

voltage divider

kuchlanish bo‘luvchisi

voltage drop

kuchlanishni pasayishi

voltmeter

voltmetr

volume

hajm

vowel

unli tovush

W

water pollution

suvning ifloslanishi

wave speed

to‘lqin tezligi

weak force

zaif kuch

X Y Z

X-rays

rentgen nuri

X-value

abscissa qiymati

Xerox

“Xerox” nusxa ko‘chirish apparati

Y-value

ordinata qiymati

yellow

sariq

zinc

rux

## Document Outline

• Regents_2017_atn.pdf
• THE UNIVERSITY OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK
• Regents of The University