How do name calling and harassment affect not only the specific people targeted, but more broadly an entire school or community?


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How do name calling and harassment affect not only the specific people targeted, but more broadly an entire school or community?

  • How do name calling and harassment affect not only the specific people targeted, but more broadly an entire school or community?



LGBT is an acronym that signifies an alliance between people who consider themselves lesbian, bi-sexual, gay, or transgender.

  • LGBT is an acronym that signifies an alliance between people who consider themselves lesbian, bi-sexual, gay, or transgender.

  • “Gay” is a word that originated before the 1600s and one meaning meant of “loose and immoral life”.

  • The epithet “fag” or “faggot” originated in the 1300s.

    • It meant a bundle of sticks used for burning.
    • One theory on why it is used to refer to homosexual people is that homosexuals were often burned alive for their lifestyle.
  • The epithet “dike” derives from the word hermaphrodite.



Homosexual relationships have been recorded throughout history, one of the earliest stretches back to around 4,000 years ago.

  • Homosexual relationships have been recorded throughout history, one of the earliest stretches back to around 4,000 years ago.

  • In 342, the first law against gay marriage was instituted by Constantius II.

  • Throughout recorded history homosexuals have been blamed for everything from earthquakes to famines.



1260: In France 1st offending “Sodomites” lost their testicles, 2nd offenders lost their penis, and the 3rd offenders were executed. Lesbians were also subject to mutilation and death.

  • 1260: In France 1st offending “Sodomites” lost their testicles, 2nd offenders lost their penis, and the 3rd offenders were executed. Lesbians were also subject to mutilation and death.

  • 1483: The Spanish Inquisition, Sodomites were stoned, castrated, and burned. Between 1540 and 1700, more than 1,600 people were prosecuted for sodomy.

  • 1533: King Henry VIII passes the Buggery Act 1533 making all male-male sexual activity punishable by death.

  • 1791: Revolutionary France adopts a new penal code which no longer criminalizes sodomy. France thus becomes the first West European country to decriminalize homosexual acts between consenting adults.



1897: George Cecil Ives organizes the first homosexual rights group in England, the Order of Chaeronea.

  • 1897: George Cecil Ives organizes the first homosexual rights group in England, the Order of Chaeronea.

  • 1933: The National Socialist German Workers Party bans homosexual groups. Homosexuals are sent to concentration camps. Nazis burn the library of Magnus Hirschfeld's Institute for Sexual Research, and destroy the Institute.

  • 1952: Christine Jorgensen becomes the first person to have sex reassignment surgery, in this case, male to female, creating a world-wide sensation.

  • Up until 1957, the American Psychiatric Association considered homosexuality a mental disorder.



1969, the Stonewall Riots occur in NYC.

  • 1969, the Stonewall Riots occur in NYC.

  • 1978: San Francisco Supervisor Harvey Milk and Mayor George Moscone are assassinated by former Supervisor Dan White. The rainbow flag is first used as a symbol of homosexual pride.

  • 1979: The first national homosexual rights march on Washington, DC is held.

  • 1980: The Human Rights Campaign Fund is founded by Steve Endean; The Human Rights Campaign is America’s largest LGBT civil rights organization working to achieve equality.



1998: Matthew Shepard is murdered.

  • 1998: Matthew Shepard is murdered.

  • 1999 – Present: various U.S. states pass laws regarding same-sex marriages, unions, and partnerships.

  • 2008: Proposition 8 passes in California, banning gay marriage.

  • 2009: The Matthew Shepard Act was adopted as an amendment by a vote of 63-28 on July 15, 2009.

  • 2009: Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir. Elected in Iceland; the first openly homosexual head of government in the world.



2012: President Obama officially supports the right for gay couples to marry.

  • 2012: President Obama officially supports the right for gay couples to marry.

  • 2013: The United States Supreme Court agrees to hear two cases that have the possibility of overturning anti-gay marriage laws.




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