Improvised explosive devices (ied) Definition


Download 475 b.
Sana23.07.2017
Hajmi475 b.


IMPROVISED EXPLOSIVE DEVICES (IED)


Definition

  • An IED is a device, assembled by an organization or an individual in contravention to the existing rules of Law of Nation adopting unconventional or semi-conventional methods of assembling a standard device, ammunition/explosives or commercial, with a criminal/anti-national intention.



The effects of an

  • The effects of an

  • IED explosion are not standard and predictable

  • The effects will vary in each case, depending on :

      • Components
      • Quality of explosive
      • Casing
      • Quantity of splinters


Components of an IED

  • Explosives

  • Detonator

  • Power Source (Battery)

  • Initiation Mechanism (Switch)



Components of an IED…





Initiation Mechanism

  • The switch is a mechanism incorporated to ensure initiation of an IED in a predetermined pattern so as to ensure success in destroying the target in a well deliberated manner.



Chain of Detonation



Explosive and its Accessories

  • A. Flame Producer : Match fuse, Match box,

  • Igniter safety fuse striker

  • B. Flame Carrier : Safety fuse

  • C. Detonator :



Explosive and its Accessories…

  • D. Detonation Wave Carrier(Primacord)

      • Length : 150 m
      • Explosive : PETN
      • Deto. Vel. : 6000 to 8000 m/s
  • E. Booster :

  • To boost up the detonation waves

      • CE Powder : Brown
      • GC Powder : White




Initiation Mechanism

  • The switches can either be classified as Electrical, Mechanical & Miscellaneous.







Questioning Technique

  • What time the bomb will explode ?

  • Where is the bomb located ?

  • What type of bomb is ?

  • How will we get rid of the bomb ?

  • What is your good name ?

  • Why have you kept the bomb ?

  • Where are you speaking from ?



Search Rules & Technique of an IED

  • Search Rules

  • Search Technique

  • What to look for ?

  • (Tell Tale Sign)

  • Points to remember

  • Action on locating IED



Search Rules & Technique

  • Search Rules

  • Don’t touch or handle suspicious object

  • Don’t assume only one device is planted

  • Use maximum two persons per room or for all area up to 250 Sq. ft.

  • Use Searches in alternate room



Search Rules & Technique…

  • Search Rules

  • Give rest after every 10 min.

  • Never use searches more than necessary

  • Clearly mark the area searched

  • Trust nothing and assume nothing safe



Search Rules & Technique…

  • Search Techniques

  • Obtain maximum information about the device

  • Listen before entering a room

  • Be careful about booby trap, at the door itself and also throughout the search

  • Make a visual survey of the entire area of the room



Search Rules & Technique…

  • Search Techniques

  • Divide the area while carrying out Search :

    • Waist level
    • Eye level
    • Ceiling level
    • Above Ceiling level


Search Rules & Technique

  • Search Techniques

  • Search back to back by two persons, meet in center and go back again

  • Rest after each Search

  • Mark the Searched area

  • Report about the area and suspected object

  • Ask for help from expert



Search Rules & Technique

  • What to look for ? (Tell Tale Sign)

  • Recently disturbed area

  • Saw dust, Brick dust, Wood chips

  • Greasy Paper Wrappings

  • Out of place object

  • Disturbed Carpenter

  • Tin foils



Search Rules & Technique

  • What to look for ? (Tell Tale Sign)

  • Partly open window/door/drawers

  • Fresh plaster/Cement

  • Loose Electric Fittings

  • Fish-line, dirty ropes, electric wire

  • Cut vegetation



Search Rules & Technique

  • What to look for ? (Tell Tale Sign)

  • Military container of explosive

  • Dirty foot prints

  • Scratched or new paint

  • New brick work/plaster



Search Rules & Technique

  • Points to Remember

  • Don’t touch or remove the packet

  • Don’t open with hands or puncture

  • Don’t submerge in water

  • Don’t accept identification mark on the face value

  • Don’t bring suspect bomb to police station



Search Rules & Technique

  • Points to Remember

  • Don’t open unless duty bound

  • Evacuate the people to a safe area

  • Don’t use radio

  • Open all doors and windows

  • Don’t be a Dead Hero





Search Rules & Technique

  • Action on locating an IED

  • Buttress : It’s an action of putting sand bags near the object to protect

  • Baffling : It’s an action of putting mattress etc. to minimise damage due to blast and fragments

  • Venting : It’s an action of opening all doors and windows of the room.



Bomb Incident Planning Cycle



Render Safe Procedure (RSP) Tool Kit





Counter IED Operation

  • We can use mnemonic

  • “UNITED NATIONS”







Bomb Detection Technique







Bomb Detection Technique



Bomb Detection Technique

































Safety Precautions

  • Do’s for Common Men

  • Inform the police on seeing any suspicious object

  • Move away from the suspicious object in a quiet manner

  • Follow instructions of guide in case of threat

  • Carry your own personal belongings during evacuation

  • Help ladies, old and children



Safety Precautions

  • Do’s for Common Men

  • When a vehicle is parked, close all windows and lock the doors

  • Inspect vehicles for any suspicious object before moving out of garage

  • Switch off all electrical mains, gas lines etc.



Safety Precautions

  • Don’ts for Common Men

  • Touch or handle any suspicious object

  • Pick up attractive items lying at odd places

  • Open or cut any suspicious object

  • Panic but remain cool

  • Obstruct the passage of security/bomb squad



Safety Precautions

  • Don’ts for Common Men

  • Spread rumors

  • Assume only one device is planted

  • Submerge in water

  • Bring suspected bomb to police station

  • Leave vehicle unattended



IED : BOOK & LETTER BOMB

  • Started by Black September Group (Palestine)





Recognition Sign

  • We can use mnemonic “EXPLOSIVE PARCEL”



Recognition Sign

  • We can use mnemonic

  • “EXPLOSIVE PARCEL”





Safety Precautions

  • Evacuate all persons

  • Stop entry into the room

  • Don’t open letter by hand

  • Don’t smoke near bomb

  • Don’t cut any protruding wire

  • Don’t jerk the letter

  • Put letter through Mail Bomb Detector



The Value of Taking Cover



Bomb Threat Contingency Plan for an Industry

  • Important Features

  • Designate a bomb threat co-ordinator

  • Bomb threat co-ordination control room

  • Bomb threat assessment committee

  • Evacuation of area

  • Search team

  • Evacuation signal



Bomb Threat Contingency Plan for an Industry

  • Important Features

  • Liaison arrangements

  • Responsibilities of various agencies

  • Telephone numbers

  • Completion Certificate



ANY QUESTIONS




Do'stlaringiz bilan baham:


Ma'lumotlar bazasi mualliflik huquqi bilan himoyalangan ©fayllar.org 2017
ma'muriyatiga murojaat qiling