IP2013slideslecturemb10 sustainable refurbishment, retrofit, energy management in housing


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IP2013sLIDESlECTUREmb10 SUSTAINABLE REFURBISHMENT, RETROFIT, ENERGY MANAGEMENT IN HOUSING

  • Sustainable development of local systems for a sustainable building refurbishment
  • The Case of Emilia Romagna Region
  • massimo.bianchi@unibo.it
  • Ferrari Mod. CALIFORNIA
  •                                                                                                              
  • Parma Bacon
  • Two symbols of .ER Productions

E.R. Balance among sectors Turnover , employment and activity ratios.

  • Agriculture 18 %
  • Industry 32 %
  • Commerce and services 35 %
  • New economy business 15 %
  • The Return on Equity ( ROE )
  • Macro Sector
  • FC
  • ER
  • ITA
  • Agriculture
  • 0,1%
  • -1,2%
  • -0,2%
  • Manufacturing
  • 7,5%
  • 7,7%
  • 6,3%
  • Building
  • 7,6%
  • 9,5%
  • 12,0%
  • Services
  • 7,2%
  • 4,3%
  • 6,0%
  • Bottom up and Top Down Entrepreneurial Districts
  • To understand the development model of ER and Italy based on Small and Medium Enterprises ( SMEs) we have to consider th two main process of entrepreneurial districts creation :
  • The historical one that create ( as it happens mainly in the nothers regions of Italy ) entrepreneurial aggregation based on bottom up initiative in an integrated developemnt involving many dimension of local systems
  • The intervention to establish industrial territorial concentrations funded on a top down process trigged by government support and facilities in a planned perspective ( mainly in south regions )

What model to support local system growth in a top down perspective ?

  • Pole theory
  • Rain system
  • Structured
  • interventions
  • Based on a concentration of intervention that would produce in surrounding areas an induced entrepreneurial initiative
  • Deriving from micro or small credits distributed to many initiatives diffused in the territory
  • Connected to Local Territorial Agreements among stakeholders and Territorial Areas on main initiatives to be undertaken within each own role

Results and lessons from Top Down Interventions

  • Pole theory
  • Rain system
  • Structured
  • interventions
  • Industrial poles becomed as cathedrals in the desert without any induced development
  • There was no control on the employment of resources distributed among a large amount of entrepreneurial activities
  • There is a serious difficulty in individuating local stackeholders
  • EMILIA ROMAGNA
  • + 80%
  • of the employment is assured
  • by enterprises with
  • In Italy : + 75% of employment in enterprises with - 70 employees
  • IN EMILIA ROMAGNA REGION

Bottom Up Development Modl in Mean features of Emilia Romagna economy

    • High diversified social structure
    • High diversified economic structure
    • High networking activity

What’s the matter with italian S.M.E. and probably with the mediteranean way to the development ?

  • Micro enterprise
      • less than 10 employees
      • Annual total turnover
      • Eur 200.000
      • Assets value Eur 100.000
  • Small enterprise
      • From 11 to 49 employees
      • Annual turnover not exceeding 1.000.000 Eur
      • Assets value ( Tangible )
      • 100.000 Eur
  • Medium enterprise
    • 50-250 employees
    • Annual total turnover Eur
    • 10.000.000 Assets value Eur 5.000.000

Regardless of the measure, one result is striking and needs to be emphasized - not only are most enterprises in Europe small, but they also account for a significant amount of European work experience and economic activity.For example, in 2003 there were more than 19 million enterprises in Europe-19 (Table 3.1), providing a job for almost 140 million people. By contrast, there are only about 40 000 large enterprises in existence, which account for only 0.2 % of all enterprises. So, the vast majority of enterprises in Europe-19 (99.8 %) are SMEs. Within the group of SMEs, the vast majority (over 90 %) are micro enterprises, employing fewer than 10 persons.

  • U.S. Statistics 2003
  • N° firms establishments employees Annual payroll ( x 1000$ )

The Added Value per Occupied Person

The organizational dimension is strictly connected to the problem of labour constraints .

Management versus S.M.E.

  • Traditional theories
  • S.M.E. are …
  • Undercapitalized
  • Hardly to change their work methods
  • Oriented to local market
  • New Theories
  • S.M.E. are …
  • Supported by family estate
  • Strongly innovative and flexible
  • Easy moving in globalization flows

Let’s have a look to the directory of a Small and Medium Enterprises Associations of Forlì (Italy )

  • *) MAF RODA ITALIA S.P.A. Via Consolare, 2952 - 47032 BERTINOROProduzione macchine per la lavorazione della frutta (18)
  • *) MAGAZZINI DRUDI Via Guarnieri, 81 - 47023 CESENACommercio articoli casalinghi e idee regalo (8)
  • *) MAR MOBILI ARR.TI RUBICONE SNCSede Legale: Via Verga, 2 - 47030 GATTEO Produzione mobili (22)
  • *) MGM MONDO DEL VINO S.R.L. Sede Legale: Via Vassura, 19 - 47100 FORLI' Import/Export vino (5)
  • *) MARTINI COSTRUZIONI NAUTICHE SRL Sede Legale: Via Tarcento, 130 - 47020 SAN GIORGIO DI CESENA Produzione di natanti da diporto in vetroresina (24)
  • *) NALDONI VITTORIO Via Zignola, 2 - 47100 FORLI' Costruzione apparecchi riscaldamento a gas (17)
  • *) RAMILLI GIOVANNI & C. S.N.C. Sede Legale: Via Emilia Ovest, 70 - 47039 SAVIGNANO SUL R. Costruzione, riparazione, installazione e noleggio impianti irrigazione (8)
  • ( ) N° of employees at 31.12.2003
  • AUTOMATED MACHINES
  • HEATH AND MEDICAL RESEARCH
  • Biomedical and orthopedic equipment
  • Medical research
  • LOGISTICS
  • Infrastructures
  • Value-added Services
  • MOTOR INDUSTRY
  • Motorcycles and motobikes
  • Automotive industry
  • FASHION
  • Leather and textile fashion production
  • FOOD INDUSTRY
  • Food processing
  • EXISTING
  • CLUSTERS
  • EMERGING
  • CLUSTERS
  • Publishing industry
  • Culture and entertainement
  • MULTIMEDIA
  • ELECTRONICS
  • Electric and electronic equipment
  • Piacenza
  • Machine
  • tools
  • Parma
  • Food industry (eg Barilla)
  • Modena
  • Reggio Emilia
  • Agricultural
  • machinery
  • Carpi
  • Textile
  • Mirandola
  • Biomedical
  • equipment and
  • disposables
  • Fusignano
  • S.MauroPascoli
  • Footwear
  • Sassuolo
  • Castellarano
  • Ceramic tyles
  • (world leaders)
  • Forlì
  • Furniture
  • Rimini
  • Woodworking
  • machinery
  • Bologna
  • Packaging
  • Motorcycles
  • The Results : Emilia Romagna Industrial Clusters

Education and Research Network

  • PIACENZA
  • PARMA
  • REGGIO EMILIA
  • MODENA
  • FORLI’
  • BOLOGNA
  • FERRARA
  • RAVENNA
  • RIMINI
  • Bologna University
  • Modena
  • University
  • Parma University
  • La Cattolica University
  • Ferrara University
  • CNR National Research
  • Council (800 Researchers
  • and Technicians)
  • 5 UNIVERSITIES with 130,000 students, 1,369 full professors, 1,717 associated professors, 1,830 researchers
  • (Bologna University: the oldest of Europe)
  • ENEA National Body for New Technologies, Energy and Environment (400 Researchers)
  • 6,500
  • RESEARCHERS
  • AND PROFESSORS
  • ARTIFICIO (R&D for Art and Culture)
  • CENTRO CERAMICO (Ceramic tyles)
  • CERMET (Quality )
  • ECIPAR Emilia Romagna
  • GEMINI
  • ICIE (Cooperatiive Institute for Innovation)
  • QUASCO (Building )
  • QUASAP (Quality & Service for Public Tenders)
  • SCS (Services for Innovation)
  • SPINNER Technology Transfer and NTBF
  • PIACENZA
  • PARMA
  • REGGIO EMILIA
  • MODENA
  • FORLI’
  • BOLOGNA
  • FERRARA
  • RAVENNA
  • RIMINI
  • API SERVIZI
  • CITER (Textile)
  • CONSOBIOMED (Biomedical)
  • DEMOCENTER (Industrial automation)
  • TECNOERA (Textiles and Garments)
  • R&S Engineering (Wood processing)
  • CRITTdi Spilamberto
  • CONSORZIO FERRARA INNOVAZIONE
  • FERRARA RICERCHE
  • SOPRIP
  • SSICA (Food processing)
  • TETA (Food)
  • PARMA TECNINOVA
  • AS ( Integrated services for) enterprises
  • CENTRO SERVIZI PMI
  • Reggio Emilia Innovazione
  • COIMEX
  • CRPA (Dairy and meat
  • products)
  • LAB. D’IMPRESA (Injection
  • moulding)
  • LEGNO-LEGNO (Wood)
  • CRR Consorzio Reggio Ricerche
  • POLO CERAMICO Agency
  • CENTURIA (Agro-industry and environment )
  • CERCAL (Footwear )
  • CRPV (Vegetables and fruit products)
  • CISE for Innovation & Economic Devolpment
  • Consorzio Mobile 2000
  • CSR Research&Studies

An historical Reference to Local Bottom - Up Development 12th – 18th Cent.

  •                                                                      
  • The original Hanseatic League was a mercantile alliance of about 80 trading cities and their merchant guilds. The League founded and governed a trade cartel amongst cities along the coast of Northern Europe and inland trade routes from the 12th through the mid-17th century. Their reach extended along the Baltic Sea

A jump to XXI Cent. The case of European Big Waterways

  • Elements
  • Rhein
  • Po
  • Volga
  • Length (km)
  • 1.320
  • 650
  • 3.660
  • Drainage Area (km2)
  • 185.000
  • 74.000
  • 1.380.000
  • Discharge (m3/s)
  • 2.200
  • 1.470
  • 8.500
  • Population
  • 50.000.000
  • 17.000.000
  • 61.000.000
  • Sea at Mouth
  • North
  • Mediterranean
  • Caspian
  • Ramsar Sites
  • 18
  • 9
  • 2

Different levels of performing structures

What About the Links with the territory ?

  • Regions
  • Provinces
  • Municipalities
  • Prefectures
  • Chambers of Commerce
  • Associations among local governments
  • Public and private enterprises
  • Associations of Employiers
  • Citizen and customerAssociations
  • Local Networks
  • ………….

Networking What is this ?

The Differentiation of Network Links

Links Location around Waterways From linear approach to focal point action.

How to built a Network ? Top Down or Bottom Up ?

Clustering Versus Networking Approach

  • CLUSTERING : From the top to the bottom ( Top Down Processes )
  • NETWORKING : From Bottom to the Top ( Bottom up Processes)

An Example of bottom up economy :the Focal Points on Volga River

Moving people and focal points

Micro business and bottom up economy

Poor but effective premises

New perspectives in sustainable refurbishment, retrofit, energy management in housing

  • Bottom Up economy
  • SMES Creation and improvement
  • Involvement of Local Stakeholders


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