Joseph brodsky


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JOSEPH BRODSKY 

 

 



Joseph Brodsky was born in Leningrad in 1940 and emigrated to the United States in 

1972. He began writing poetry in the 1950s but his works were not published in his 

native country until the 1990s. Five books of his poetry in Russian were published 

abroad: Ostanovka v pustyne (1970; revised 1989), Konets prekrasnoi epokhi (1977), 



Chast' rechi (1977), Novye stansy k Avguste (1983), Uraniia (1984) and Peizazh s 

navodneniem (1996). 

 

As an émigré he published three books of poetry in English: So Forth (1996), To Urania 



(1988), and A Part of Speech (1977). On Grief and Reason, his second collection of 

essays, was published in 1996. His first collection of essays, Less Than One (1986), 

received the National Book Critics Circle Award in 1986, and three of his essays have 

appeared in The Best American Essays. A long essay on Venice was published in English 

as Watermark in 1992. He is also the author of two plays, Marbles (1989) and 

Democracy! (1990, 1993).  

 

He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1987 and served as Poet Laureate of the 



United States for 1991 and 1992. He was Andrew Mellon Professor of Literature at 

Mount Holyoke College. He died in January, 1996.  

 

His Collected Poems in English were published in 2000. His poems in Russian are 



available in multiple editions from Azbooka Publishers. A comprehensive scholarly 

edition of his work in both languages is in process. The Joseph Brodsky Memorial 

Fellowship Fund was founded in 1996 to implement the effort of his last years to create a 

Russian Academy in Rome.



BRODSKY, Joseph (Alexandrovich). American. Born in Leningrad, USSR, May 24, 

1940; s., Alexander I. and Maria (Volpert) B.; student, Russian secondary schools until 

1956; sentenced to five years in exile in Arkhangelsk, 1964; sentence commuted, 1966; 

entered involuntary exile, 1972, and, after brief stays in Vienna and London, established 

residence in the US; naturalized, 1977. Died in Brooklyn, NY, January 28, 1996.  

 

Formerly Poet in Residence, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor; Visiting Professor at 



Queens College, Columbia University, New York University, Smith College, the 

University of Massachusetts, Amherst College, Hampshire College, Mount Holyoke 

College; Five College Professor of Literature, Mount Holyoke College (1981-1986); 

Andrew Mellon Professor of Literature, Mount Holyoke College (1986-1996). Doctor in 

honoris causa Amherst College, Colchester University, Dartmouth College, Oxford 

University, Silesian University in Kotowice, University of Keele, University of 

Rochester, Uppsala University, Williams College, Yale University; Premio Mondello 

(Italy), 1979; John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation Award, 1981; Nobel Prize 

for Literature, 1987; National Book Critics Circle Award (for Less Than One), 1987; 

Légion d'Honneur (France), 1991; Poet Laureate of the United States, 1991-92; 

Knighthood in the Order of Saint John (Malta), 1992. Member: PEN, American Academy 

of Arts and Sciences. Address: c/o Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 19 Union Square West, New 

York, NY 10003. 

 

PUBLICATIONS 

 

Verse 

 

Stickhotvoreniya i poemy [Longer and Shorter Poems]. Washington, DC: Inter-



Language, 1965 [unauthorized] 

 

Elegy to John Donne and Other Poems, translated by Nicholas Bethell. London: 



Longman, 1967 [unauthorized] 

 

Ostanovka v pustyne [A Halt in the Desert]. New York: Chekhov, 1970; revised edition, 



Ann Arbor, MI: Ardis, 1989* 

 

Selected Poems, translated by George L. Kline. New York: Harper, 1973, and London: 



Penguin, 1973* 

 

Konets prekrasnoi epokhi [End of a Beautiful Era]. Ardis, 1977* 



 

Chast' rechi [A Part of Speech]. Ardis, 1977* 

 

A Part of Speech. New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 1980, and London: Oxford 



University Press, 1980 [contents differ from Chast' rechi]* 

 

Novye stansy k Avguste [New Stanzas for Augusta]. Ardis, 1983* 



 

Uraniia. Ardis, 1984* 

 


To Urania. New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 1988, and London: Oxford University 

Press, 1989 [contents differ from Uraniia]* 

 

Chast' rechi: Izbrannie stikhi 1962-1989. [A Part of Speech: Collected Poems], edited by 



Eduard Beznosov with Joseph Brodsky. Moscow: Khudozhestvennaia Literatura, 1990 

[contents differ from Chast' rechi, 1977]. Reissued with additional material, St. 

Petersburg: Azbooka-Klassika, 2007 

 

Bog sochranyet vse [God Preserves Everything]. Moscow, 1992 [selected poems, 



translations, and drawings] 

 

Rozhdestvenskie stikhi [Christmas Poems]. Moscow: Nezasimaya Gazeta, 1992, revised 



edition 1996 

 

Peresechennaia mestnost' [Covered Terrain], edited by Piotr Vail. Moscow: Nevasimaya 



Gazeta, 1995 

 

Sochinenia Iosifa Brodskogo [The Works of Joseph Brodsky], Volume I-IV. St. 



Petersburg: Pushkin Fund, 1992-1996; Posthumous: revised edition (Volumes I, II, III), 

1997, (Volume IV) 1998, (Volume V) 1999, and (Volume VI) 2000 

 

Peizazh s navodneniem [View with a Flood]. Dana Point, CA: Ardis*, 1996 



 

So Forth. Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 1996, and London: Hamish Hamilton, 1996 * 

 

Discovery (children’s book), illustrated by Vladimir Radunsky (Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 



1999) 

 

Collected Poems in English, edited by Ann Kjellberg. Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2000, and 



Manchester: Carcanet, 2001 

 

Nativity Poems, edited by Ann Kjellberg. Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2001 



 

*original material 

 

 

Plays 



 

Mramor. Ann Arbor, MI, Ardis, 1984 

 

Marbles, translated by Alan Myers and the author. Cambridge University Press, 



Comparative Criticism, Volume 7, 1985, reissued by Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 1989 

 

Democracy!, translated by the author. Act I: London and New York, Granta magazine, 



Volume 30, p. 199; Act II: Partisan Review, Spring 1993 (Volume LX: revised version 

published as offprint). Not definitively published in Russian 

 

Essays 


 

Less Than One. New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 1986, and London: Viking, 1986 

 

Watermark. New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 1992, and London: Hamish Hamilton, 



1992 

 

On Grief and Reason. New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 1996, and London: Hamish 



Hamilton, 1996 

 

 



Other 

 

Editor, with Carl Proffer, Modern Russian Poets on Poetry: Blok, Mandelstam, Pasternak, 



Mayakovsky, Gumilev, Tsvetaeva. Ann Arbor, MI: Ardis, 1982 

 

Editor, with Alan Myers, An Age Ago: A Selection of Nineteenth Century Russian 



Poetry. New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 1988 

 

 



Bibliographies 

 

George L. Kline, in Ten Bibliographies of Twentieth Century Russian Literature. Ann 



Arbor, MI: Ardis, 1977 

 

Russian National Library, Iosif Brodskii: Ukazatel’ literatury na russkom yazyke za 



196201995 gl. St. Petersburg, 1997, revised 1999 

 

Charys Craner, unpublished (?) 



 

Tom Bigelow, in progress 

 

 

Selected Critical Studies 



 

Foreward to Selected Poems, by W. H. Auden. Harper and Row, 1973 

 

"A Struggle Against Suffocation" [review of A Part of Speech], by Czeslaw Milosz. New 



York Review of Books, August 14, 1980 

 

"The Art of Poetry, XXVIII," interview with Sven Birkerts, Paris Review, Spring 1982 



 

Poetika Brodskogo, edited by Lev Loseff. Tenfly, NJ: Hermitage, 1986 

 

"Less Than One" [review], by Richard Howard. Boston Globe, June 8, 1986 



 

"Magic Industry" [review of To Urania], by Derek Walcott. New York Review of Books, 

November 24, 1988 

 


Brodsky's Poetics and Aesthetics, edited by Lev Loseff and Valentina Polukhina. 

London: Macmillan, 1990 

 

"The Singer of Tales," by Seamus Heaney. New York Times Book Review, March 3, 



1996 

 

“On absenting oneself,” [review], by Michael Hofmann. Times Literary Supplement, 



January 10, 1997 

 

Joseph Brodsky: Conversations, edited by Cynthia L. Haven. Jackson: University Press 



of Mississippi, 2002 

 

Iosif Brodskii: Opyt literaturnoi biographii by Lev Loseff. Moscow: Molodaya Gvardia, 



2006, reissued St. Petersburg: Vita Nova, 2010. Apppeared in English as Joseph Brodsky: 

A Literary Life, translated by Jane Ann Miller. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2011 



 


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