Learning intention: Learning intention


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Learning intention:

  • Learning intention:

  • We are learning to become familiar with the key aspects of categories, narrative, representation and language.

  • Success criteria:

  • We will have considered how narrative and representations are established through language in a film.



Standing by your friends - belonging

  • Standing by your friends - belonging

  • Learning to accept death is part of life

  • Growing up

  • Acceptance of those who are different to you



  • Think about the ideal gang/group of friends you’d like to belong to.

  • who would be the characters in the ‘gang’?

  • what are their characteristics and interests?

  • are they funny, clever, mad?

  • what is it that ties you all together?

  • do you all dress in a similar way – describe?

  • do you speak in a certain way?



It was directed by Rob Reiner

  • It was directed by Rob Reiner

  • Based on a short story called “The Body” by Stephen King

  • Made in 1985

  • No ‘big names’

  • Is a “rites of passage” film – its about growing up and learning about life

  • Two-tiered narrative structure



Gordy Lachance played by Wil Wheaton

  • Gordy Lachance played by Wil Wheaton

  • Chris Chambers played by River Phoenix

  • Teddy Duchamp played by Corey Feldman

  • Vern Tessio played by Jerry O’ Connell

  • Ace played by Kiefer Sutherland

  • Grown-up Gordy/ Narrator played by Richard Dreyfus





Who is your favourite character so far and why?

  • Who is your favourite character so far and why?

  • How do you know this film is set in 1958?

  • What is your favourite scene in the film so far and why?



My first impressions of “Stand By Me” are………

  • My first impressions of “Stand By Me” are………





Who is the man in the Landrover at the beginning of the film?

  • Who is the man in the Landrover at the beginning of the film?

  • Can you name the four members of the ‘gang’?

  • How do the boys find out about the dead body?

  • What has happened to Gordie’s brother Denny?

  • Where is Teddy’s Dad and what did he do to him?

  • Why are Gordie’s parents so cold towards him?

  • Why do the boys decide to set off on their journey to find the body?

  • Why do they decide to go across the bridge?

  • What is the name of Milo’s dog?

  • Why do you think Gordie has made up the Lard-Ass story?



Who changed the most and why?

  • Who changed the most and why?

    • E.g. I think Verne changed the most because…..
  • Who did have the strongest friendship overall and why?

    • E.g ______ and _______ had the strongest friendship probably becuase
  • What happened to each of the boys?

  • What do you think happened to Ace?

  • Who learned the most and why?









What are the characters like at the start of the movie?

  • What are the characters like at the start of the movie?

  • Take a jotter page and divide it into 4 – put a main character’s name in each square.





This is similar to techniques in English. It is the creative way the film is put together; like the creative ways a poet puts words together to create a particular image in our minds.

  • This is similar to techniques in English. It is the creative way the film is put together; like the creative ways a poet puts words together to create a particular image in our minds.



Language means the tools the director uses to create a certain effect:

  • Language means the tools the director uses to create a certain effect:

  • camera, sound, lighting, mis-en-scene (everything you see on screen) and montage (the editing process).







MUSIC – What do you hear? When? Is it part of the movie?

  • MUSIC – What do you hear? When? Is it part of the movie?

  • VOICE OVER – What does the voice over describe? What is the voice like? Why is it used?





Look to see how close the camera is to each character in our chosen scene.

  • Look to see how close the camera is to each character in our chosen scene.

  • Close Up (CU) = focus on face; reflects emotion

  • Medium Shot (MS) = focus on waist up; reflects conversation and interaction

  • Long Shot (LS) = focus on whole person in their environment

  • Extreme Long Shot (ELS) = focus on environment; sets the scene and mood





Straight – camera points straight at subject

  • Straight – camera points straight at subject

  • High – camera looks down on subject

  • Low – camera looks up at subject

  • Point of View (POV) – camera gives a view that a character sees with his/her eyes





Static – camera doesn't move but people do

  • Static – camera doesn't move but people do

  • Tracking – camera follows movement of characters

  • Zooming in/out – camera gets closer to or further from characters and action



Demonstrate how the director uses camera, sound and editing to help him create the scene.

  • Demonstrate how the director uses camera, sound and editing to help him create the scene.

  • Cammy, Rory, Nathan and Robbie – Music

  • Liam, Glen, Daniel, Ronan – Camera Shots/Angles

  • William, Aaron, Corey, Ruairidh – Camera Shots

  • Jordan, Ronan, Scott, Kye – Voice over



Natural?

  • Natural?

  • Special Effect?

  • Coloured lenses? Why? (Blue – surreal and dreamlike, Yellow/Orange – warm and happy etc.)



LI:



A French term meaning what is put into a scene or frame

  • A French term meaning what is put into a scene or frame

  • Visual information in front of the camera

  • Communicates essential information to the audience

  • Made up of 5 elements: Can you guess what they are?





Settings & Props

  • Settings & Props

  • Costume, Hair & Make Up

  • Facial Expressions & Body Language

  • Lighting & Colour

  • Positioning of characters/objects within the frame









Cut – instant switches from one frame to the next

  • Cut – instant switches from one frame to the next

  • Fade in/ Fade out – frame appears from a black screen or disappears into a black screen

  • Dissolve – frames cross over and melt together to reflect time passing









LI: Understand the PURPOSE of media language.

  • LI: Understand the PURPOSE of media language.

  • SC: Know our media languages.

      • Explore purpose in 2 key scenes.


Watch first 10 minutes of the film and answer the questions in front of you.

  • Watch first 10 minutes of the film and answer the questions in front of you.



What is the scene designed to do?

  • What is the scene designed to do?

  • Common purposes are:

    • To build tension and suspense
    • To further our knowledge of character
    • To further the storyline
    • To resolve conflict
    • To draw the audience further into the film


We are going to watch 2 key scenes of the film again – the “Crossing the Bridge” scene and the “Final Conflict” scene

  • We are going to watch 2 key scenes of the film again – the “Crossing the Bridge” scene and the “Final Conflict” scene

  • We are going to take notes on what happens, what we see, what we hear and what the director was trying to do in the scene (ie. The purpose!)



You need to have knowledge of how a film is put together and made.

  • You need to have knowledge of how a film is put together and made.

  • Camera Distance, Angle, Movement

  • Sound and Lighting

  • Editing

  • Purpose and Effect – ALL IMPORTANT!



Now individually, answer the following questions (record your answers in your jotter):

  • Now individually, answer the following questions (record your answers in your jotter):

  • What sounds or lack of sound does the director use in the scene to create the boys’ fear and a sense of drama/excitement?

  • What effect do the long shots of the bridge have on the scene?

  • What type of shot is used to show Verne’s reaction to losing the comb?

  • What is the significance of Verne losing his comb?

  • What effect does the medium close-up shots of Chris and Teddy with the train getting ever closer have?

  • Your jotters will be taken in for marking and returned to you before the next lesson.



The task is to create a poster (in pairs) on ONE aspect of Media to put up in M10.

  • The task is to create a poster (in pairs) on ONE aspect of Media to put up in M10.

  • Provide images/examples/definitions/notes/colour.

  • As a class we need to cover:

      • Camera Angles – 2 pairs
      • Camera Shot – 2 pairs
      • Camera Movement – 2 pairs
      • Sound – 2 pairs
      • Mise-en-scene – 2 pairs
      • Editing – 2 pairs


BFI

  • BFI

  • MediaKnowAll



  • LI: To understand how NARRATIVE works in ‘Stand by Me’

  • Sc: Understand Enigmas

      • Plot out a journey


What does narrative mean when we talk about literature?

  • What does narrative mean when we talk about literature?

  • Narrative=plot

  • The structure of a narrative is how it is presented or ‘told’ (flashbacks, quest, classic Hollywood).







A puzzle

  • A puzzle

  • Something which raises questions or mysteries

  • When there is a mysterious question with no immediate answer, we call this an enigma.

  • Enigma – Something mysterious or puzzling that acts as a hook for the viewers’ interest



 1/ What do we know about the story so far?

  •  1/ What do we know about the story so far?

  • 2/ What ENIGMAS are raised in the audience’s minds at the start of the film?

  • Write a list of questions you want to know the answers to at this point in the film.

  •  

  • E.g. Who is this man?

  • 3/ What is the significance of the two boys on the bike for the story?

  • 4/ When the narrator says, ‘I was 12 going on 13 the first time I saw a dead body’, what enigma is raised?

  •  

  •  



 

  •  

  • The director also includes a flashback in this scene.

  •  

  • A flashback is­­____________________________

  •  

  • What does the director flashback to?

  •  

  • When a film cuts back to a memory as a flashback we call say that the director introduces the memory narrative in flashback.

  •  

  • It is here that we get introduced to the narrative proper (where the story really begins). Copy out the definition.

  •  

  •  



A quest narrative is like the plot of a good novel.

  • A quest narrative is like the plot of a good novel.

  • Hero/heroine is happy but then…

  • Encounters some disruption so he/she must…

  • Go on a quest and face…

  • Some obstacles. A …

  • Helper comes along and we reach a moment of…

  • Climax before…

  • Total closure and a return to…

  • Happiness!



The gun

  • The gun

  • Adult Gordy sees an article about a man named ‘Chris’

  • The junkyard and ‘Chopper’ incident

  • The railway bridge

  • Adult Gordy is seen at home in a family situation having finished writing his book. We realise the flashback is the story he’s been writing.

  • The boys return home. Teddy and Verne remain the same, but Gordy and Chris have learned something on their journey.

  • The older and younger boys ‘face off’ over the dead body

  • Verne overhears his brother talking to his friend about a dead body they found

  • The younger boys set off to find Ray Brower’s body.



Write a paragraph on how the director uses enigma to interest the audience.

  • Write a paragraph on how the director uses enigma to interest the audience.

  • The start of the film is puzzling because….

  • The director raises several questions. These are…

  • The director also uses sound techniques to add to the mystery at the start. He …

  • This adds to the mystery because…

  • The narrative proper only starts when …



Quest Narrative - boys meet and set off on their journey to find the dead body and become heroes.

  • Quest Narrative - boys meet and set off on their journey to find the dead body and become heroes.

  • Icon – a symbol of something.

  • What does the Gun represent?



LI: By the end of the lesson we will be able to identify representations in the tree house scene.

  • LI: By the end of the lesson we will be able to identify representations in the tree house scene.

  • Representation is how a group, person, place or idea is shown.



The Gun – an ICON





  • An ICON is a symbol of something.

  • What does the GUN represent for Gordy?



What do these ICONS REPRESENT?



How are these people REPRESENTED?



How a particular person is represented in a film. These can occasionally be stereotypes.

  • How a particular person is represented in a film. These can occasionally be stereotypes.

  • List at least 5 common stereotypes found in film:

  • 1. Villain…



  • Let’s look at how characters are REPRESENTED on TV…





  • Using our knowledge of LANGUAGE and NARRATIVE to better understand REPRESENTATION.

  • What do you see/hear?

  • How do you see it?

  • What does this show?



1st Viewing

  • How are the boys’ families represented?

  • How does the director represent the boys?



  • The construction of the boys’ families is negative.

  • The boys are represented as being immature but trying to be grown up.





Character Study:

  • Write a paragraph about a character you know well.

  • Use your notes to get across as much information as possible about the person

    • what they look like
    • what they have to cope with and deal with in life
    • what happens to them in the end.
  • Consider how the director REPRESENTS them – use examples from the Tree House Scene.



Gordie is a main guy in the film and he is waring a red top and is very skinny. And he is a wimp near the starte but then gets a bit brahver as the flim goes on. And he doesnt dye.

  • Gordie is a main guy in the film and he is waring a red top and is very skinny. And he is a wimp near the starte but then gets a bit brahver as the flim goes on. And he doesnt dye.



In this lesson, we bring together the 3 main elements of media study which we have looked at over the last 4 lessons – Languages, Narrative and Representation.

  • In this lesson, we bring together the 3 main elements of media study which we have looked at over the last 4 lessons – Languages, Narrative and Representation.



Watch the clip The Journey Back (do not write anything down but watch very carefully, using your new knowledge to analyse what the director is doing to create each scene)

  • Watch the clip The Journey Back (do not write anything down but watch very carefully, using your new knowledge to analyse what the director is doing to create each scene)

  • Then qn sheet. Write the answers in your jotters. Please use full sentences.

  • The teacher will show the clip again, pausing the film at relevant points.





  • Identify The Technique

  • Describe the Technique

  • Explain why the Director used the technique



At the beginning we see a close-up of the newspaper, so that we can read what it says

  • At the beginning we see a close-up of the newspaper, so that we can read what it says

  • The music used each time when there is a flashback of Denny is very sad.



The narrator’s voice-over tells us that Chris has to live with his family’s bad reputation.

  • The narrator’s voice-over tells us that Chris has to live with his family’s bad reputation.

  • We see Billy Tessio and Charlie Hogan through the gap in the porch. This makes us feel as we, like Vern, are spying on them.



We see a close-up of Chris and Gordie’s faces after they fire the gun, as this shows that they didn’t expect it to be loaded.

  • We see a close-up of Chris and Gordie’s faces after they fire the gun, as this shows that they didn’t expect it to be loaded.



  • Mention title, director, genre

  • Give a brief plot summary

  • Explain that you are going to look at the purpose of 2 key scenes and how camera use and sound make this purpose clear

  • Say what the 2 key scenes are



“Stand By Me” is a rites-of-passage film directed by Rob Reiner. He was lucky to get funding for this project as there were no “big name” stars in it. After the film, Wil Wheaton who plays main character Gordy Lachance and River Phoenix who plays Chris Chambers were both picked out as actors with potential. The film is about 4 young boys who set out to find a dead body. 2 key scenes involve trying to cross a bridge before a train comes and the final conflict between Gordy’s gang and rival gang led by horrible Ace. These are the scenes I will explore further.

  • “Stand By Me” is a rites-of-passage film directed by Rob Reiner. He was lucky to get funding for this project as there were no “big name” stars in it. After the film, Wil Wheaton who plays main character Gordy Lachance and River Phoenix who plays Chris Chambers were both picked out as actors with potential. The film is about 4 young boys who set out to find a dead body. 2 key scenes involve trying to cross a bridge before a train comes and the final conflict between Gordy’s gang and rival gang led by horrible Ace. These are the scenes I will explore further.



Write a paragraph about a character you know well.

  • Write a paragraph about a character you know well.

  • Use your notes to get across as much information as possible about the person – what they look like, what they have to cope with and deal with in life, what happens to them in the end.



Gordie is a main guy in the film and he is waring a red top and is very skinny. And he is a wimp near the starte but then gets a bit brahver as the flim goes on. And he doesnt dye.

  • Gordie is a main guy in the film and he is waring a red top and is very skinny. And he is a wimp near the starte but then gets a bit brahver as the flim goes on. And he doesnt dye.



Write at least one paragraph about each scene we have watched.

  • Write at least one paragraph about each scene we have watched.

  • Use your notes and write this up into sentences.

  • Start each paragraph by saying what purpose the scene had – “The opening scene was used to introduce the main characters and to take us back in time to 1959…” or “The final conflict scene was very tense and dramatic and showed us how Gordy assumed leadership of the group…”



The “Crossing the Bridge” scene happened quite early on in the film and the director, Rob Reiner, clearly wanted us to feel suspense and tension during this scene. Perhaps he also hoped that the audience would feel part of the film as it was such an exciting moment! Firstly, we see the boys crossing a bridge in a long shot. This is used so we can see how high up the bridge is and how big a risk the boys are taking. As the scene goes on, we start to hear the very faint sound of a train puffing along and see Gordy in slow motion from an extreme close up yelling “TRRRAAAIN!”…

  • The “Crossing the Bridge” scene happened quite early on in the film and the director, Rob Reiner, clearly wanted us to feel suspense and tension during this scene. Perhaps he also hoped that the audience would feel part of the film as it was such an exciting moment! Firstly, we see the boys crossing a bridge in a long shot. This is used so we can see how high up the bridge is and how big a risk the boys are taking. As the scene goes on, we start to hear the very faint sound of a train puffing along and see Gordy in slow motion from an extreme close up yelling “TRRRAAAIN!”…



Give your opinion of the film.

  • Give your opinion of the film.

  • Tell me about some of the messages sent by the film.

  • Explain what you feel made this film successful when it was released.




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