Literature for the Week You’re responsible…even if you’re not here

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Literature for the Week

  • You’re responsible…even if you’re not here.

What we’ll be reading

Folk Tales

  • from The One Thousand and One Nights: The Fisherman and the Jinnee (pg 84)

  • from The Rubaiyat(pg 100)

  • from The Gulistan (pg 106)

  • Elephant in the Dark (pg 119)

  • Two Kinds of Intelligence (pg 121)

  • The Guest House (pg 122)

  • Which is Worth More? (pg 124)

  • African Proverbs: from Sundiata (pg 129)


The Thousand and One Nights

  • The Fisherman and the Jinnee

Adj: inverted

  • Upside down

Adj: blasphemous

V: adjured

  • Ordered solemnly

Adv: indignantly

  • In a way showing righteous anger or scorn

adv.: resolutely

Adj: enraptured

  • Completely delighted; spellbound

N: munificence

Adj: ominous

  • Hinting at bad things to come

The Rubaiyat & The Gulistan

N: repentance

  • Sorrow for wrongdoing

N: pomp

  • Ceremonial splendor, magnificence

N: myriads

N: piety

  • Devotion to religious duties or practices

Adj: beneficent

  • charitable

N: extortions

  • Acts of obtaining money or something else through threats, violence, or misuse of authority

Elephant in the Dark, Two Kinds of Intelligence, The Guest House, Which is Worth More?

N: competence

  • Ability

N: conduits

  • Channels or pipes

N: malice

  • Ill will; evil intent

N: solitude

  • isolation


V: fathom

Adj: taciturn

  • Not given to talking

Adj: malicious

  • Intending harm; spiteful

N: infirmity

  • Weakness; illness

N: innudendo

Adj: diabolical

  • Devilish; wicked

Adj: estranged

  • Isolated and unfriendly; alienated

Literary Elements

  • Terms you need to know

Folk Tales

  • Part of the oral tradition, the body of stories, poems, and songs that are passed down by word of mouth from generation to generation.

Characteristics of Folk Tales

  • Lesson about life

  • Magical or supernatural elements

  • Characters who possess one or two main traits

  • A clear separation between good and evil

  • Folk tales may share plot patterns and deceptively ordinary characters.

Narrative Structure

  • The way in which a work of fiction is organized. The Fisherman and the Jinnee contains framed stories or stories within a story. Create the following chart:

Didactic Literature

  • Teaches lessons on ethics, or principles regarding right and wrong conduct, and if often reflects the values or the society that produces it.

Didactic literature uses these tools:

  • Aphorisms: short, pointed statements expressing truths about human existence

  • Personification: a technique that gives human qualities to non-human things

  • Metaphor: a figure of speech in which one thing is spoken of as though it were something else

Types of Metaphors

  • All Metaphors: compare two apparently unlike things without using the words like or as

  • Direct Metaphor: connects the two terms directly

  • Indirect Metaphor: suggests the comparison

Direct Metaphor: Example

  • This being human is a guest house.

Indirect Metaphor: Example

  • …getting always more / marks on your preserving tablets


  • An explanation of how two things are similar

  • Usually extended comparisons that explain something unfamiliar by showing how it is like something familiar

  • Frequently use figurative speech

Epic Conflict

  • A narrative or narrative poem that focuses on the deeds of heroes.


  • Menacing enemies

  • Natural dangers

  • Moral dilemmas

  • Problems with society

  • Difficulties with fate

  • Challenging decisions

The Fisherman and the Jinnee

  • Turn to page 85

  • Go to your notes page with your table (the one you copied earlier with narrative structure story within a story)

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