Literature for the Week You’re responsible…even if you’re not here


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Literature for the Week

  • You’re responsible…even if you’re not here.


What we’ll be reading



Folk Tales

  • from The One Thousand and One Nights: The Fisherman and the Jinnee (pg 84)

  • from The Rubaiyat(pg 100)

  • from The Gulistan (pg 106)

  • Elephant in the Dark (pg 119)

  • Two Kinds of Intelligence (pg 121)

  • The Guest House (pg 122)

  • Which is Worth More? (pg 124)

  • African Proverbs: from Sundiata (pg 129)



Vocabulary



The Thousand and One Nights

  • The Fisherman and the Jinnee



Adj: inverted

  • Upside down



Adj: blasphemous



V: adjured

  • Ordered solemnly



Adv: indignantly

  • In a way showing righteous anger or scorn



adv.: resolutely



Adj: enraptured

  • Completely delighted; spellbound



N: munificence



Adj: ominous

  • Hinting at bad things to come



The Rubaiyat & The Gulistan



N: repentance

  • Sorrow for wrongdoing



N: pomp

  • Ceremonial splendor, magnificence



N: myriads



N: piety

  • Devotion to religious duties or practices



Adj: beneficent

  • charitable



N: extortions

  • Acts of obtaining money or something else through threats, violence, or misuse of authority



Elephant in the Dark, Two Kinds of Intelligence, The Guest House, Which is Worth More?



N: competence

  • Ability



N: conduits

  • Channels or pipes



N: malice

  • Ill will; evil intent



N: solitude

  • isolation



Sundiata



V: fathom



Adj: taciturn

  • Not given to talking



Adj: malicious

  • Intending harm; spiteful



N: infirmity

  • Weakness; illness



N: innudendo



Adj: diabolical

  • Devilish; wicked



Adj: estranged

  • Isolated and unfriendly; alienated



Literary Elements

  • Terms you need to know



Folk Tales

  • Part of the oral tradition, the body of stories, poems, and songs that are passed down by word of mouth from generation to generation.



Characteristics of Folk Tales

  • Lesson about life

  • Magical or supernatural elements

  • Characters who possess one or two main traits

  • A clear separation between good and evil

  • Folk tales may share plot patterns and deceptively ordinary characters.



Narrative Structure

  • The way in which a work of fiction is organized. The Fisherman and the Jinnee contains framed stories or stories within a story. Create the following chart:





Didactic Literature

  • Teaches lessons on ethics, or principles regarding right and wrong conduct, and if often reflects the values or the society that produces it.



Didactic literature uses these tools:

  • Aphorisms: short, pointed statements expressing truths about human existence

  • Personification: a technique that gives human qualities to non-human things

  • Metaphor: a figure of speech in which one thing is spoken of as though it were something else



Types of Metaphors

  • All Metaphors: compare two apparently unlike things without using the words like or as

  • Direct Metaphor: connects the two terms directly

  • Indirect Metaphor: suggests the comparison



Direct Metaphor: Example

  • This being human is a guest house.



Indirect Metaphor: Example

  • …getting always more / marks on your preserving tablets



Analogy

  • An explanation of how two things are similar

  • Usually extended comparisons that explain something unfamiliar by showing how it is like something familiar

  • Frequently use figurative speech



Epic Conflict

  • A narrative or narrative poem that focuses on the deeds of heroes.



Characteristics

  • Menacing enemies

  • Natural dangers

  • Moral dilemmas

  • Problems with society

  • Difficulties with fate

  • Challenging decisions



The Fisherman and the Jinnee

  • Turn to page 85

  • Go to your notes page with your table (the one you copied earlier with narrative structure story within a story)




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