Mysterious Bog People from the past Who are Bog People?


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Mysterious Bog People from the past

  • Who are Bog People?

  • Preservation Process

  • Pathology of Bog People

  • Discovery’s from the Iron Age

  • Sacred places they remain

  • Conclusion

  • References


Who really are Bog People? Bogs of ancient times are mystical and there are hundreds of them still remain through out Northeastern Europe. It wasn’t until peat harvesting and land reclamation activities started that people such as men, women, and children had come to light at some point with in the peat cutting activities through out Europe. These were best known as “bog bodies” these specific bodies showed a great amount of variation through preservation. They are well-preserved complete bodies that dated all the way back from 8000 BC to early medieval period. We still don’t know for certain how or why theses people were chosen for such a burial. Most archeologists believe that these people were unlucky. In fact, many believe that were relics from sacrifices to celebrate military victories or even people that were executed for punishment for crimes. Main Page..

  • Grauballe Man was found in 1952 in Nebelgård Mose, a small bog in Jutland,

  • Denmark. (Forhistorisk Museum, Højbjerg, Denmark)



The Perfect Corpse



Pathology of Bog People

  • studies certainly do suggest that many of the victims were in poor health, although it’s unattainable to know how they compared with their fellow people. But, Almost all had intestinal worms, and many sustained broken bones for years before their death. Van der Sanden has identified a rare bone disease in a woman from the Netherlands. Her arms and legs were severely stunted, signs of a disorder called dyschondrosteosis. It’s a very rare pathology, not seen these days, he says. Bog people also suffered from more common problems, like osteoporosis, arthritis, extra digits, scoliosis, rheumatism, and arrested growth. People stop growing as a result of malnutrition, and judging from the contents of the mummies’ intestines, their diet was anything but hearty. Researchers have probed their guts and discovered particles of grain, seeds, and weeds. Most of the victims consumed a meager last meal of thin gruel, made from barley, flax, and other weeds, apparently washed down with a few gulps of bog water and peat moss in their guts as well.

  • More picture..



Pathologies



Discovery’s of the Mystical Bog People of the Iron age

  • 1.  Gallagh Man 400-200 B.C. Found in County Galway, Ireland in 18212. 

  • 2.Meenybraddan Woman A.D. 1500-1600 Found in County Donegal, Ireland in 19783. 

  • 3. Oldcroghan Man 350-175 B.C. Found in County Offaly, Ireland in 20034. 

  • 4.Lindow Man 100 B.C.-A.D. 100 Found near Manchester, England in 19845. 

  • 5. Amcotts Moor Woman A.D. 200-400 Found in Lincolnshire, England in 17476. 

  • 6. Yde Girl 100 B.C.-A.D. 50 Found in Drenthe, The Netherlands in 18977. 

  • 7. Weerdinge Men 100 B.C.-A.D. 50 Found in Drenthe, The Netherlands in 19048. 

  • 8. Rendswühren Man 100 B.C.-A.D. 100 Found near Kiel, Germany in 18719. 

  • 9. Osterby Man A.D. 1-100 Found near Osterby, Germany in 194810. 

  • 10. Windeby Girl A.D. 1-200 Found near Windeby, Germany in 195211. 

  • 11. Tollund Man 400-300 B.C. Found in Aarhus, Denmark in 195012. 

  • 12.Grauballe Man 100 B.C.-A.D. 100 Found in Aarhus, Denmark in 1952



  • Meenybraddan Woman A.D. 1500-1600 Found in County Donegal, Ireland in 1978 The style of the woolen cloak in which she was wrapped dates this woman to the late 16th century, distinguishing her from the more common Iron Age bog bodies. She was in her late 20s or early 30s when she died. Given that she was interred in a peat bog, in what was likely an unconsecrated grave, she may have been a murder victim or a suicide.

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  • Yde Girl 100 B.C.-A.D. 50 Found in Drenthe, The Netherlands in 1897 A small percentage of bog bodies are children. Yde Girl appears to have been strangled and stabbed at the age of 16. Some experts believe she was selected for sacrifice in part because of her awkward gait and curved spine (CT scans revealed she had scoliosis). Other CT scans, of her skull, aided the reconstruction of her face. Her long fair hair was preserved in the peat, but on half of her head it had been cut off. Other bog bodies also had their hair cut when they were killed.

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  • Osterby Man A.D. 1-100 Found near Osterby, Germany in 1948 Only his decapitated head was found, wrapped in a deerskin cape. He was likely killed by a blow to his left temple before he was decapitated. His hair, reddened by chemicals in the peat, is tied in an elaborate hairstyle called a Swabian knot. The Roman historian Tacitus, who lived in Osterby Man's era, describes the hairstyle as typical of the Suebi tribe of Germany.

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  • Tollund Man 400-300 B.C. Found in Aarhus, Denmark in 1950 He is renowned, even beloved, for the gentle expression on his impeccably preserved face. The noose around his neck makes clear that, like other Iron Age bog bodies, he was killed, but following the violent act he was carefully laid in a restful pose, like a sleeping child. Learn more about him in Tollund Man.

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Sacred Remains

  • Their eyes were closed after death, and their bodies were gently arranged in graves. And bogs were clearly sacred places for Iron Age folk, acting as gateways to the supernatural world, where gifts could be presented to the gods. In other parts of Europe, weapons, swords, spears, silver vessels, and gold jewelry have been found in bogs. presumably they served as votive offerings. But researchers admittedly are puzzled by bodies that show signs of obvious abuse.

  • Perhaps these abused people were indeed criminals, as some have suggested, but were sacrificed rather than executed. Maybe there was an unspoken practicality to the community’s rituals: people who were considered to be of little use were taken to the bogs. They may have be criminals or even those who produce little food.

  • artifacts tell the story of the people who lived near the bogs and their culture. This picture is of a This dugout canoe made of pine measures almost three meters in length, and was found in 1955 during construction of a motorway in a small bog near the Drents village of Posse (Netherlands). Radiocarbon-dated to 8500 B.C., this Mesolithic vessel is the oldest known in the world.

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  • This scientific second look at the bog people is far from over. As researchers analyze more bodies, patterns of ritual practices and other dimensions of Iron Age life may become clearer. Researchers are curious to know, for example, if any of the bog people were related, but they have been unable to extract any DNA from the bodies. It seems that the acidic bog water seems to have altered most of the genetic material. every detail that is uncovered makes the bog people seem somehow more familiar. No longer are they little-known, poorly understood barbarians from the pages of ancient Roman history. We can now picture the last minutes of these individuals’ lives.

  • Main Page…



References

  • Books

  • Bog Bodies: New Discoveries and New Perspectives y

  • by Richard Turner and Robert Scaife. London: British Museum Press, 1995.

  • The Bog Man and the Archaeology of People

  • by Don Brothwell. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1987.

  • Through Nature to Eternity: The Bog Bodies of Northwest Europe

  • by W. A. B. van der Sanden. Batavian Lion International, 1996.

  • Websites

  • http://www.bogpeople.org/bog_uk/index.html

  • http://www.archaeology.org/online/features/bog/

  • http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/bog/iron-nf.html

  • Main Page…




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