Nato the North Atlantic Treaty Organization


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NATO


North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

  • Military or defense alliance formed in 1949 by 12 countries in Western Europe and North America

  • Original purpose – to protect its members from a possible attack from the Soviet Union (Containment)

  • First peacetime alliance in U.S. history

  • An alliance of nations with shared values. All members are DEMOCRACIES

  • Has been the most important U.S. alliance for the past (almost) 60 years



NATO Treaty – Article 5

  • “The Parties agree that an armed attack against one or more of them in Europe or North America shall be considered an attack against them all…”

  • No NATO member was ever attacked during the Cold War – it never had to use its military forces

  • The first (and only) time a NATO member was attacked was…

    • September 11, 2001


Who is in NATO?

  • 1949 – 12 Original Members

  • 1952 – A Little Farther from the North Atlantic (Demonstration of Truman Doctrine)

    • Greece Turkey
  • 1954 – A New Democracy

    • Germany
  • 1982 – Death of Fascist Dictator Franco

    • Spain


The NATO Alliance



The Warsaw Pact





Eastward Expansion



2002

  • How do you think Russia feels about this?



NATO-Russia Council



NATO-Russia Council

  • Russia WILL NOT:

    • Be a member of NATO
    • Be bound by NATO’s defense pact
    • Have a veto over NATO’s decisions
    • Have a vote over NATO’s expansion



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