Obviously exaggerated


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Obviously exaggerated

  • Obviously exaggerated

  • Meant to convey strong feelings

  • Not meant to be taken literally

  • Examples: “I could eat a horse.” “This weighs a ton.” “My eyes are burning.”



A literary device in which a comparison is drawn between two things.

  • A literary device in which a comparison is drawn between two things.

  • Latin “metaphora” meaning “carry over”

  • Greek “metaphora” or “to transfer”

  • antithesis, hyperbole, metonymy, and simile are all types of metaphors

  • An allegory and a parable are extended metaphors.

  • Examples: “There’s daggers in men’s smiles.” Donalbain in Macbeth

  • "Memory is a crazy woman that hoards colored rags and throws away food.” -Austin O'Malley



When a character thinks out loud.

  • When a character thinks out loud.

  • Reveals intimate thoughts and feelings and therefore helps to flesh out a psychological portrait of a character.

  • Examples: Hamlet “To be or not to be…” 3.1.55-67



To be, or not to be that is the question:



Shakespeare used both verbal and dramatic irony.

  • Shakespeare used both verbal and dramatic irony.

  • Verbal irony-Saying one thing but meaning another

  • Ex. Macbeth saying to Banquo “Fail not our feast” when he is aware that Banquo will be killed before then.

  • Dramatic irony- Embedded in the structure of the play.

  • Ex. Duncan says upon seeing Macbeth’s castle “This castle hath a pleasant seat.” Ironically, this is the place where he will soon be murdered.



Ordinary speech; has no metric structure

  • Ordinary speech; has no metric structure

  • Shakespeare used prose in the following situations:

  • correspondence & written proclamations

  • lines spoken by low status characters

  • when characters have descended into insanity

  • lines spoken in comical situations

  • Shakespeare was not married to these rules.



2 syllables per foot (stressed/unstressed)




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