On a sheet of paper I want you to answer ‘What is something bad that you have done, and what was the punishment that you received for it.’


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On a sheet of paper I want you to answer ‘What is something bad that you have done, and what was the punishment that you received for it.’

  • On a sheet of paper I want you to answer ‘What is something bad that you have done, and what was the punishment that you received for it.’

  • Did you feel like the punishment was fair for the “crime” you committed?






Greek meaning “Land Between two rivers”

  • Greek meaning “Land Between two rivers”

  • What two rivers?

  • The regions curved shape and the richness of its land led scholars to call it the Fertile Crescent





Sumerian Civilization was not united, but divided into warring city-states.

  • Sumerian Civilization was not united, but divided into warring city-states.

  • city-states - cities with own individual governments

  • Sumerian city-states rivaled each other which led to the emergence of warrior-kings to provide protection.

  • warrior kings eventually passed on leadership to sons, who eventually passed it on to their heirs. Such a series of rulers is known as a _____________

  • ruler seen as chief servant to the gods and led ceremonies meant to please them.

  • Sumerian city-states were eventually captured and unified into the Akkadian and then Babylonian Empires



Kings, land of holders, and some priests made up the highest level in Sumerian society.

  • Kings, land of holders, and some priests made up the highest level in Sumerian society.

  • Wealthy merchants ranked next

  • The vast majority ordinary Sumerians people worked with their hands in fields and workshops.

  • At the lowest level of Sumerian society were the slaves









tiered pyramid

  • tiered pyramid

  • center of religious ceremonies and government

  • “Mountain to God”

  • Made of clay found all around them…no wood or stone in this desert climate













Trade was enhanced by the introduction of the wheel.

  • Trade was enhanced by the introduction of the wheel.

  • Reduced the time it took to transport goods.



In order to build city walls and buildings, plan irrigation systems, and survey flooded fields, Sumerians needed arithmetic and geometry.

  • In order to build city walls and buildings, plan irrigation systems, and survey flooded fields, Sumerians needed arithmetic and geometry.

  • They developed a number system based on 60, from which stem the modern unites for measuring time (60 secs= 1 min) and the 360 degrees of a circle.



They also developed a 12 month calendar (huh these things sound familiar….)

  • They also developed a 12 month calendar (huh these things sound familiar….)













Brought both northern and southern Mesopotamia together

  • Brought both northern and southern Mesopotamia together

  • An empire brings together several peoples, nations, or previously independent states under the control of one ruler.

  • Sargon’s empire only lasted 200 yrs





In about 2000 B.C. nomadic warriors known as Amorites invaded Mesopotamia.

  • In about 2000 B.C. nomadic warriors known as Amorites invaded Mesopotamia.

  • They established their capital in Babylon

  • The Babylonian empire reached it’s peak during the reign of Hammurabi

  • Hammurabi’s most enduring legacy is the code of laws he put together





Cause: Hammurabi recognized that a single, uniform code of laws would help to unify the diverse groups within his empire.

  • Cause: Hammurabi recognized that a single, uniform code of laws would help to unify the diverse groups within his empire.

  • Effect: He collected existing rules, judgments, and laws into the Code of Hammurabi






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