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Kenjaev, Safarali

Tajik lawyer and politician Safarali Kenjaev was born in 1942 to a

Tajik family of farmers in the village of Choryakkoron, Ispichek Qish-

loq, Pobeida Khojagi, Lenin District. In 1933, his family moved from

the Tagob (Aini District) to Hissar. He was brought up and educated by

his father, Kenja Rajabov, and his mother, Qimat Sharifova. His mother

died in 1957 and his father in 1967. He attended school both in

Choryakkoron and Ispichek. At age 15, he joined the kolkhoz system as

a worker and received a salary. In 1960, after finishing high school, he

entered Tajikistan State University.

Kenjaev began his political career as the regional Attorney General

for Central Asian transport. On November 24, 1992, at the same time

that Rahmon Nabiev was elected on the first ballot as President with

(58% of the vote), Safarali Kenjaev (popularly known to be a Yagh-

nobi) was elected from among three contestants as the Leader of the


Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

143


Supreme Soviet. In time, Kenjaev became a major decision-maker in

the Nabiev presidency.

Kenjaev's politics combined his deep knowledge of the Soviet law,

especially as it is applied to the republics of Central Asia (Tajikistan in

particular), with a thorough understanding of Soviet government. His

objections to illegal acts committed by those who operated outside the

law indicated his commitment to and reverence for that law. In addition,

he was proficient in the Islamic Shari'a law and had a deep understand-

ing of the differences between the teachings of Imam Hanafiyyah and

the edicts followed by the Wahhabiyyah.

Furthermore, Kenjaev was fully familiar with the Soviet military,

and tried to use this knowledge to harness the energies of the youth of

the republic for the common good. His organization of the National

Front of Tajikistan, created and made operational within a short period

of time, was indicative of the depth of his knowledge about military af-

fairs and about attracting the youth of the nation around a single cause--

liberation.

Kenjaev's decision to blockade Dushanbe using the forces of the

First and Second National Front is a good example of his understanding

of the non-combatant role of the military. By introducing the blockade,

he paralyzed the economic, military, and ideological forces that con-

tributed to the well-being of the Coalition Government. Stripped of its

constant reinforcement, especially from Hissar, Shahri Nov, Tursun-

zoda, Yovon, Ghozimolik, Jillikul, Qabodion, and Shahrtus, the Coali-

tion Government lost its base of authority and its militia fell victim to

the fresh Tajik, Uzbek, and Russian forces emerging from Uzbekistan.

Finally, Kenjaev was fully familiar with the mission of the United

Nations and of its constituent countries. He wrote letters, sent tele-

grams, and held meetings with people from different levels of society

and with different UN constituents to further the welfare of weaker na-

tions at the international level. Indeed, he made a strong case for inter-

national intervention in Tajikistan not only by Uzbekistan and Russia,

but also by the United Nations.

Kenjaev was supportive of the people of Kulab and of Imomali

Rahmonov. He asserted, however, that in the placement of the cadres,

Rahmonov had committed major mistakes that would come to roost at

his threshold and the threshold of the people of Tajikistan in the future.


Iraj Bashiri

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

144


Kenjaev is the author of the three-volume Tabadduloti Tojikiston

(Tajikistan Transformation) published in 1993.

Kenjaev was assassinated in March, 1999, in Dushanbe.



Khairulloev, Saidullo

Tajik politician Saidullo Khairulloev was born on August 10, 1945,

into a family of administrators in the Gharm district.

Khairulloev graduated from the Tajikistan Institute of Agriculture,

with a degree in hydroelectric engineering, in 1966. From 1969 to 1975,

Khairulloev was an engineer at the Gharm and Dushanbe Water Distri-

bution Centers. Between 1979 and 1985, he was Deputy to the Chair-

man of the Executive Committee of the Gharm Council of Peoples

Deputies. In 1979, he graduated from the High Party School in Tash-

kent, specializing in political science,  and from 1985 to 1990, served as

the First Secretary of the Sovietski District Committee of Khatlon

Communist Party. In 1990 and 1991, he was the chairman of the Execu-

tive Committee of the Khatlon District Council of Peoples Deputies in

Qurqanteppe. From 1992 to 1994, he was the Minister of Protection of

the Environment. From 1995 to 1998, he was the Chairman of the Ex-

ecutive Committee in Charge of Precious Metals. From 1998 to 2000,

he was the chairman of the Committee in Charge of Land Management.

In March 2000 Khairulloev was elected the chairman of the House

of Representatives of the Supreme Council of the Republic. He is the

recipient of a number of State awards, Orders, and Honors.



Khalilov, Muhammad

Tajik actor Muhammad Khalilov was born into a merchant family in

Samarqand in 1909. He joined the CPSU in 1950.

Khalilov studied at the Samarqand Technical Cooperative and con-

tributed to the efforts of amateur groups there. In 1931, he joined what

is presently the Lahuti State Academy of Dramatic Arts of the Academy

of Sciences of Tajikistan. Here, emphasizing the outward aspects of

characters, he created a number of important roles including, Temur and

Khujayor in Shodmon (Joyful) and in Kaltadoroni Surkh (Red Club

Wielders), both by S. Ulughzoda, Mutavali and Qudrat in Dukhtari

Nokom and Dokhunda  (Unrequieted Girl, Dokhuda), by J. Ikromi, as

well as roles in Othello and Romeo and Juliet, by W. Shakespeare.



Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

145


Khalilov was also skilled in adding local color to satiric and comic

roles, intensifying their impact. He participated in a series of films pro-

duced by TajikFilm.

Khalilov became a People's Artist of Tajikistan in 1956.



Khodoidodzoda, Boboyunus

Tajik poet Boboyunus Khodoidodzoda was born in the village of

Kostrash in Khatlan province in 1870. He received no formal education

other than learning the poetic meters from the poet Mirzo Sho'ir. Elud-

ing the Governor of Baljuan for most of his youth, he was in hiding in

Khujand, Ferghana, Quqand, Tashkent, and Samarqand. In 1916, he

was sent to Russia for service behind the front and did not return until

1919.


His artistic career begins when he returns from the front in 1919. He

sang the Kuroghli epic with exceptional skill, and taught it to some

twenty-five novices, including Sodiq Razzoq, Haqnazar Kabud, and

Qurbonali Rajab. His contributions include Shi'r va Dostonho (Poetry



and Stories, 1941), Bahoduroni Maidoni Jangi Mihani (The Warriors of

the Battlefield of the Great Patriotic War, 1943), Mahabbati Khalq (The

Love of People, 1951), and Surudhoi Hofiz (The Songs of Hafiz, 1967).

Khodoidodzoda died in the village of Chilchila in the Khatlan prov-

ince in 1945.

Khojaev, Muhiddin

Tajik author Muhiddin Olimovich Khojaev was born on November

3, 1938, into the family of Mudarris Khujandi, who lived in exile in the

village of Nicholai Alexandrovskaya in the Stavropol province of Rus-

sia. He joined the CPSU in 1979.

Khojaev graduated from Tajikistan State University in 1961 and, for

a while, was responsible for the prose division of Sadoi Sharq and the

translation department of TajikFilm studios. He also served as the Asso-

ciate Director of the Union of Writers of Tajikistan.

Khojaev first collection of short stories, entitled Ba Joi Puzish (In



Place of an Apology), was published in 1961. In his stories, Khojaev ex-

amines social, ethical, and spiritual issues. His other contributions in-

clude Noni Halol (Kosher Bread, 1971), Nishoni Mihr (Indication of

Love, 1974), Otashi Ziri Khokistar (Embers Under the Ashes, 1965),


Iraj Bashiri

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

146


Asrori Niokon (Secrets of the Ancestors, 1970), and Shikori Vopasin

(The Last Hunt, 1975).

Khojaev joined the Union of Writers of Tajikistan in 1964. He re-

ceived the Badge of Honor and the Honorary Order of the Presidium of

the Supreme Soviet of Tajikistan.



Khojaev, Zikrullo

Tajik neurosurgeon Zikrullo Pochoevich Khojaev was born in Khu-

jand on May 9, 1916.

Between 1933 and 1939, Khojaev was a student at both the

Dushanbe and Tashkent Medical Institutes. From 1939 until 1941, he

interned at the Dushanbe surgery clinic of the Republic. After the War,

he became a Lecturer, and later, Assistant Professor and Director of the

Surgery Department of the Tajikistan State Medical Institute. From

1957 to 1965, he was Dean of the same institute. He received his doc-

torate degree in medicine in 1970, and became a professor in 1971.

Khojaev's research deals with various types of problems involving

surgery, including neurosurgery. He is the founder of Department of

Neurosurgery in the Republic. His contributions include Klinika i leche-

nie yazvi zheludka i dvenadtsatiperstnoi kishki (The Care and Treat-

ment of Stomach and Duodenal Ulcers) in Healthcare in Tajikistan,

Vol. 5, 1965.

Khojaev became a Distinguished Scientific Contributor to Tajik

Health in 1959. Hospital No. 3 in Dushanbe is named after him. In addi-

tion, he is the recipient of the Order of Lenin, the Order of Red Star, the

Order of the Patriotic War, nine medals, and the Honorary Order of the

Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of Tajikistan.

Khojaev died in Dushanbe on December 13, 1973.



Khojaeva, Inoyat

Tajik poet Inoyat Khojaeva, also referred to as Farzona, was born on

November 3, 1964, in Khujand. She received her early education in the

public schools of Khujand.

Khojaeva graduated from the Khujand Pedagogical Institute in 1985.

Thereafter, she worked for Haqiqati Leninobod. For a while, she was a

poetry consultant for the Union of Writers of Tajikistan's Khujand Divi-

sion. At the present, she is the Deputy Director of the Kamol Khujandi

and Bobojon Ghafurov Prizes.


Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

147


Khojaeva's early poetry was published in 1982. Her poetry is read by

a wide international audience in Europe, Japan, and the republics of the

former Soviet Union. The themes of Kkojaeva's poetry include the phi-

losophy of life and death, love and society.

Khojaeva's contributions include "Soyai Ghazal" ("Shadow of a Son-

net"), "Rishtaboron" ("Downpour"), "Oyati 'Ishq" ("The Love Verse"),

"Paiyomi Niokon" ("The Message of the Ancestor"), "Bargi Sabz"

("Green Leaf"), and others.

Khojaeva joined the Union of Writers of Tajikistan in 1988.

Khojaeva, Mo'ina

Tajik poet Mo'ina Khojaeva was born in Samarqand in 1941.

Khojaeva graduated from Samarqand State University in 1963 with a

degree in Tajiki language and literature. Thereafter, she began teaching

at Samarqand schools. Her short stories have appeared in Firuza, Sadoi

Sharq, Jumhuriyyat, and Ovozi Tojik. No further information is avail-

able about her.



Kholdorov, Usmon

Tajik biologist Usmon Kholdorov was born into a family of workers

in Khorugh, Badakhshan, on July 17, 1936. He joined the CPSU in

1966.


Kholdorov graduated from Tajikistan State University in 1958. From

1958 to 1964, he was senior intern, post-graduate student, and senior

teacher at the Department of Biology of Tajikistan State University. In

1964, he became the Director of the Tajikistan Experimental Forestry

Station. He received his doctorate degree in biology in 1985, and be-

came a professor in 1988.

Kholdorov's research deals with botanical issues, especially in rela-

tion to the preservation of the forests. He is also interested in the devel-

opment and spread of walnut plantations in Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan,

and the northern Caucasus. His contributions include "Gretskii orekh i



perspektivi ego virashchivania("The Walnut and its Cultivation") and

Flora i rastitel'nost' ushchel'ya reki Varzob (The Flora and the Vegeta-

tion of the Varzob River Valley), Leningrad, 1971.

Kholdorov received the Silver and Bronze medals for organizing the

agricultural achievements of the Soviet Union, and the Honorary Order

of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of Tajikistan.



Iraj Bashiri

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

148


Kholiqov, Toji

Tajik roentgenologist Toji Kholiqovich Kholiqov was born in the

village of Kuchkak in the district of Konibodom of Leninabad on No-

vember 20, 1941.

Kholiqov graduated from Tajikistan State Medical Institute in 1964.

From 1969 to 1972, he was a Scientific Worker and the Acting Director

of the Institute of Gastroenterology of the Academy of Sciences of Taji-

kistan. Later, he became the Director of Roentgenology and radiology

of the same institute. He received his doctorate in medicine in 1979.

He and his staff introduced new principles of comparative roent-

genographics of catheterization and made them operational.

Kholiqov's research deals with the diagnosis of diseases of the diges-

tive system and dilution of the roentgenology of the veins.

Kholmatov, Isroil

Tajik otolaryngologist Isroil Bobojonovich Kholmatov was born in

the village of Oqteppa of the Nov district of Leninabad on February 2,

1928. He joined the CPSU in 1953.

Kholmatov graduated from Tajikistan State Medical Institute in

1950 and began to work there. He received his doctorate in medicine in

1972, and became a professor in 1976.

Kholmatov's research deals with chronic closure of the throat, as

well as problems of hearing. He is the chief otolaryngologist for chil-

dren in Tajikistan. His contributions include Nekotorie voprosi



izucheniia nasledctvennosti pri otoskleroze (Questions Regarding an

Understanding of Inherited OtosclerosisMoscow, 1973).

Kholmatov became a Distinguished Scientist of the Soviet Union in

1968, and a recipient of the Honorary Order of the Presidium of the

Supreme Soviet of Tajikistan in 1978.



Kholov, Mahmadullo

Tajik politician Mahmadullo Kholov was born into a farming family

in the village of Boloshar in Gharm on January 2, 1920. He participated

in the Great Patriotic War. He joined the CPSU in 1947.

Kholov graduated from the Republican Party School at the Central

Committee of the Communist Party of Tajikistan in 1954, and the Ad-

vanced Party School at the Central Committee of the Communist Party

of the Soviet Union in 1969.



Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

149


Kholov's career began in 1940. From 1947 to 1951, he was the Sec-

retary to the Komsomol Committee of Shulmak. From 1956 to 1959, he

was the Party Committee Secretary for Mikoianabad and First Party

Committee Secretary of Obigarm. From 1959 to 1963, he was the Head

of the Executive Committee of the Representatives of the Laborers of

Kuybishev and the First Party Committee Secretary of the Moskva dis-

trict. From 1964 to 1984, he was the Acting Head of the Presidium of

the Supreme Soviet of Tajikistan.

Kholov is the recipient of two Orders of Lenin, the Order of the

October Revolution, and two Orders of the Red Banner of Labor. He

was also awarded the Order of the Patriotic War, 2

nd

 Class, the Badge of



Honor, and the Honorary Order of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet

of Tajikistan.

Kholov retired in 1984 and passed away thereafter.

Kholzoda, Said

Tajik popular poet Said Kholzoda was born into a shoemaker's fam-

ily in the village of Marzich in Aini in 1916.

Kholzoda graduated from a seven-month pedagogical course in

Leninabad in 1937. He went to Hissar and contributed to the digging of

the Varzob canal. His early poems include "Mu'allimoni Surkhi Shuro"

("The Red Teachers of the Soviet," 1937) and "Bo Rohbarii Lenin"

("With Lenin's Leadership," 1938). In his story entitled "Du hayot"

("Two Lives"), published in 1957, he compared the past and present

lives of his people and pointed out the benefits of socialist life. In 1960,

he wrote the second part of this story, which includes "Partavi Hayoti

Nav" ("The Light of the New Life"). The collection is entitled "Tarona-

hoi Navruzi" ("New Year Songs"). His subsequent contributions deal

with the freedom of women and girls under socialism. This series in-

cluded Inqilob (Revolution), which was written in two volumes and

published in 1960 and 1967. Other poems in the series are "Taasurot az

Moskva" ("Impressions of Moscow," 1962), and "Imdodi Lenin"

("Lenin's Assistance," 1967).

Kholzoda's Chohkan Ziri Choh (The Well Digger Under the Well),

published in 1964-65, depicts the struggle of the people of Palestine

against the people of Israel. The language of his creations is simple.


Iraj Bashiri

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

150


Khromov, Albert

Soviet


 

Orientalist, philologist,

 

and


 

Iranist


 

Albert Leonidovich

Khromov was born into a worker's family in Novgorod on August 28,

1930.


Khromov graduated from Moscow State University in 1954. Be-

tween 1954 and 1964, he was a Junior, and later, Senior Scientific

Worker at the Institute of Language and Literature of the Academy of

Sciences of Tajikistan. From 1964 until 1968, he was the Director of

Foreign Languages of Tajikistan State University. From 1968 until

1971, he was a Senior Scientific Worker in the Department of Tajiki

Language, and, later Assistant Professor at Tajikistan State University.

He received his doctorate degree in philology in 1970 and became a

professor in 1971. In the same year, he became Professor of Persian

Language in the Department of Persian Language of the same univer-

sity. In 1981, he became a Senior Scientific Worker at the Institute of

Oriental Studies of the Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan.

Although Khromov's research began with a study of the Mastchohi

Kuhi dialect of Tajiki, later, it expanded to include Yaghnobi and Sugh-

dian as well. It also deals with questions of the toponymy of the past

and the present areas now known as the republics of Central Asia, as

well as with a comparison among Iranian languages, the history of Ira-

nian philology, and the jargon and languages of Iranian people.

Khromov was an expert in Sughdian which he learned through elec-

tronic means. His contributions include Govori tadzhikov Matchinskogo



raiona  (The Tajik Dialect of the Maschah Region, Dushanbe, 1962);

Istoriko-lingvisticheskoe issledovanie Yagnoba i Verkhnego Zeravshana

(Historical and Linguistic Studies of Yaghnob and Upper Zarafshan,

Dushanbe, 1970); Yagnobskii yazik (The Yaghnobi Language, Moscow,

1972); Sogdiiskii yazik (The Sughdian Language, Moscow, 1981).

Khoromov died in 1993.




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