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Miroqilova, Mu'azzama

Tajik pediatrician Mu'azzama Mirsobitovna Miroqilova was born

into a family of workers in Dushanbe on January 9, 1934. She joined

the CPSU in 1980.

Miroqilova graduated from the Ibn Sina State Institute of Medicine

of Tajikistan in 1959. Thereafter, she was a clinical intern from 1959 to

1962, a Lecturer from 1963 to 1983), and Assistant Professor from 1984

to 1985 at the same institute. In 1983, she became the Director of the

Department of Children's Diseases there. She received her doctorate de-

gree in medicine in 1986.

Miroqilova's research deals with creating an appropriate correspon-

dence between children's blood mixture and high altitude conditions.

Her contributions include Kartina krovi v norme i patologii u detei--

zhitelei Pamira (The Role of Blood in Normal Situations and the

Pathology of Children in Pamir Settlements, Dushanbe, 1977).

Miroqilova was a Distinguished Contributor to Health Services in

the Soviet Union.

Mirsaidov, Ulmas

Tajik chemist Ulmas Mirsaidov was born in Uroteppa on November

10, 1945. He joined the CPSU in 1983.

Mirsaidov received his Master's degree in chemistry from the Mos-

cow Chemical-Technological Institute in 1967. From 1970 to 1985, he

was a post-graduate student, a Junior and Senior Scientific Worker, and

the Head of the Scientific Laboratories of Inorganic Hydrates at the

Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan. In 1983, he became the Acting Di-

rector of Scientific Affairs of the same institution, as well as the Direc-

tor of the Institute of Chemistry of the Academy. He received his doc-

torate from the Moscow Institute of General and Inorganic Chemistry in

1985, and he became a Corresponding Member of the Academy of Sci-

ences of Tajikistan in 1987. He was elected Pr es ide nt  of  t he Academy of

Sciences of Tajikistan in 1995.



Iraj Bashiri

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      

176


Mirsaidov's research deals with the chemistry of hydrides. His contri-

butions include Boron Hydrides of Transitive Metals, Dushanbe, 1985);



Physical and Chemical Properties of Simple and Complex Hydrides of I

A and II A Groups’ Elements and Elements of Rare-Earth Metals,

Dushanbe, 1994); Tetra-Hydro-Borates’ Properties of Alkaline Metals,

Dushanbe, 1994); Thermal Treatment and Hydrolic Aid Decomposition

of Caoline from ZYDDY Deposit of Tajikistan, Dushanbe, 1995); and

Ecological Problems and Complex Processing of Minerals and

Industrial Waste, Dushanbe, 1999.

Mirsaidov is the Chairman of the Commission of the Republic of

Tajikistan on Co-operation with International Atomic Energy Agency

(IAEA). He is also the President of the Atomic Energy Agency of the

Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan, Chief Editor of the Academy of

Sciences' Reports, and the Chairman of the Committee of the National

Assembly on Social Problems, Science, Education, Women and Youth

Problems. In 1997, he became a member of the International Academy

of Sciences, Industry, Education and Art (USA).

Mirsaidov is the holder of over 70 patents. He is the recipient of the

Lenin Komsomol Prize of Tajikistan (1980) and the Order of Dusti

(Friendship) of the Republic of Tajikistan (1999).



Mirshakar, Mirsa'id

Tajik poet and playwright Mirsa'id Mirshakar was born on May 5,

1912, into a family of herders in Badakhshan. He received his early

education in Dushanbe, and worked for the Kommsomol-Tajikistan



Daily. He joined the CPSU in 1942.

From 1940 to 1960, he was the secretary and associate director of

the Union of Writers of Tajikistan. Between 1966 and 1975, he was the

Associate Director for the Committee that awards the Rudaki State

Prize. And in 1978, he became the head of that committee.

Mirshakar published his first long poem, entitled "Lavoi Zafar"

("The Banner of Victory") in 1934. He also was active in the production

of materials for children. As a result of his untiring efforts, the works of

Muhammad Iqbal and Khalil Somoni were published in Tajikistan for

the first time in 1958.

Mirshakar's major contributions include "Rubo'iyyot dar borai

Lenin" ("Quatrains About Lenin," 1938), "Bahori Jovid" ("Eternal

Spring," 1940), "Dostoni Qishloqi Tilloi" ("The Story of the Golden


Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

177


Winter Quarter," 1942), "Qasami Tisha Boi" ("Tisha Boi's Oath,"

1942), "Dostoni Odamoni az Bomi Jahon" ("The Story of the People of

the Top of the World," 1943), "Kalidi Bakht" ("The Key to Prosperity,"

1947), "Lenin Zinda Ast" ("Lenin Lives," 1947), "Panji Noorom" ("The

Uneasy Panj," 1947-1949), "Tu Zindai" ("You Are Alive," 1948),

"Namoyeshnomai Shahri Man" ("A Play About My Town," 1951), "Mo

az Pomir Omadim" ("We Came from the Pamirs," 1954), "Da'vati

Vatan" ("The Invitation of the Motherland," 1954), "Farzandi Vatan"

("The Child of the Motherland," 1955), "Onhoro Dust Midoram" ("I

Love Them," 1957), "Bahori Tojikiston" ("Tajikistan Spring," 1958),

"Bachchagoni Hinduston" ("Children of India," 1961), "'Ishqi Dukhtari

Kuhsor" ("The Love of the Mountain Girl," 1966), "Bairaqi Maktab"

("The Banner of the School," 1969), "Bo Rohi Pidaron" ("On the Path

of the Forefathers," 1971), "Korvoni Bakht" ("The Caravan of Luck,"

1978), "Gulhoi Kuhi" ("Mountain Flowers," 1979)

.

 Between 1970 and



1974, Mirshakar's collected works were published in three volumes.

Mirshakar joined the Union of the Writers of the Soviet Union in

1934. He won the Soviet State Prize in 1950, the Rudaki State Prize in

1964, and the Komsomol Prize in 1972. In 1962, he was recognized as a

People's Poet of Tajikistan. He has also received two Orders of Lenin,

the Order of the October Revolution, two Orders of the Red Banner of

Labor, two Orders of the Badge of Honor, and the Honorary Order of

the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of Tajikistan. Mirshakar died in

Dushanbe in 1993.

Mirzoev, Abdulghani

Tajik intellectual and literary critic Abdulghani Muhammadovich

Mirzoev was born in 1908 to a religious family in Kitab in the

Qashqadariya region of Uzbekistan.

Mirzoev graduated from the Institute of Oriental Studies of the State

University of Leningrad in 1939. Thereafter, until 1942 he taught lin-

guistics and Persian literary history at the Dushanbe Pedagogical Insti-

tute. Between 1942 and 1961, when he became a professor, he served in

a number of important positions both at the Republic and the Union lev-

els. These include Soviet Attaché in Iran (1942-1944), Director of the

literature division of the Institute of History of the Academy of Sciences

of the Soviet Union (1945-1947) and as the Director of the division it-

self (1947-1951), Director of the literature division of the Academy of


Iraj Bashiri

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      

178


Sciences of Tajikistan (1951 to 1958), and Director of the Oriental

Studies of the Academy of Sciences (1956-76). He became an Corre-

sponding Member of the Academy of Sciences in 1951, and an Acade-

mician in 1957, after he received his doctorate degree, and in 1961, he

became a professor.

Mirzoev's early articles appeared in Ovozi Tojik, Bidorii Tojik, Toji-



kistoni Surkh, and Baroi Adabiyoti Sotsiolisti. His studies in folklore in-

clude Saido va Maqomi U dar Adabiyoti Tojik (Saido and His Position



in Tajik Literature, 1947). He also has a number of publications dealing

with the lives and works of the historical figures of the Perso-Tajik peo-

ples, Divoni Muntakhabi Saido (An Anthology of Selected Poems of

Saido,1944). Mirzoev's other contributions include Rudaki va Inkishofi

Ghazal dar Sadahoi Dah to Ponzdahi Milodi (Rudaki and the Discovery

of Ghazal during the 10

th

 to the 15

th

 Centuries, 1958), "Risola yo Mu-

khtasari az Ta'rikhi Saltanati Amironi Manghitiyai Ahmad Donish"

("Risola or a Brief Note on Ahmad Danish's History of the Rule of the

Manghit Amirs of Bukhara," 1960), Osori Rudaki (Rudaki's Works,

1958), Osori Jomi (Jami's Works, 1964); Amir Alisher Navoi va Abdur-

rahmon Jomi (Amir Alisher Navoi and Abdurrahman Jami, 1968), Sizda

Maqola (Thirteen Articles, 1977), and others.

Mirzoev joined the Union of Writers of Tajikistan in 1948. He

received two Orders of the Red Banner of Labor, the Badge of Honor,

and the Honorary Order of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of

Tajikistan.

Mirzoev died in Dushanbe in 1976.



Mirzoev, Ghaffor

Tajik poet Ghaffor Mirzoev was born on January 5, 1929, to a

family of farmers in Khavaling in the Kulab province. Orphaned very

early in life, he grew up in an orphanage.

Mirzoev graduated from the Kulab Pedagogical College in 1945 and

from the Dushanbe Pedagogical Institute in 1949. Before 1952, he

worked for several journals, including Haqiqati Kulob, Bolsheviki

Khovaling, and Sadoi Sharq. He also served on the Tajikistan

Committee for Peace.

Mirzoev's forté is poetry. He started writing poetry as early as his

high school days; he made a considerable impact not only on Tajik

audiences but on many other Soviet lovers of poetry as well. In


Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

179


addition, Mirzoev wrote a number of noteworthy articles, two of which

are "Yak Chand Fikr va Mulohi'za Raji' ba Tanqidi Adabii Nazm"

("Some Thought and Considerations Regarding Literary Criticism of

Poetry," 1954) and "Vazifai Asosii Mo Omukhtan va Mahorati Khudro

Baland Bardoshtan Ast" ("Our Duty Lies in Learning and in Keeping

Our Skills Sharp," 1975).

Finally, in addition to a number of works that Mirzoev contributed to

children's literature, he wrote Az Samimi Qalb (From the Bottom of the



Heart, 1952), Hazor Rahmat (Thanks a Million, 1956), Dil Bar Kafi

Dast (Heart in the Palm of the Hand, 1962), Rui Surkh (Red Face,

1971), Az Gahvora to Maidon (From the Cradle to the Field, 1981),



366 Pahlu (366-sided, Vols. I-IV, 1963-72), and Farzandi Hukumat

(Offspring of the Government, 1983).

Mirzoev joined the Union of Writers of the Soviet Union in 1952.

Mirzoev, Karomatullo

Tajik author Karomatullo Mirzoev was born into a worker's family

in the village of Nilkan of Lenin on January 21, 1941. He joined the

CPSU in 1979.

Mirzoev graduated from the Dushanbe Pedagogical Institute in 1963.

Thereafter, he taught at the area high schools for a year. He then worked

for Pioniri Tojikiston, Komsomoli Tojikiston, and Tojikistoni Shavravi.

Between 1984 and 1987, he was the director of the literature department

of Ma'orif Publications. In 1987, he became the Chief Editor of Adib

publishers.

Mirzoev's first story was published in 1968. His prose works include

"Sitorai Umid" ("The Star of Hope," 1978), Ma'oshi Avval (First



Salary, 1982), Shabi dar Kabudjar (A Night in Kabudjar, 1984), Dardi

'Ishq (The Pain of Love, 1986), Surudi Mahabbat (Anthem of Love,

1988), and Dar Orzui Pidar (Wishing for a Father, 1990).

Mirzoev's works deal with the structure of socialism in Tajikistan,

the youth culture, and the individual's role in society. His most famous

work is entitled Dardi 'Ishq (The Pain of Love).

Mirzoev joined the Union of Writers of the Soviet Union in 1982. In

1993, he won the Rudaki State Prize for Literature.


Iraj Bashiri

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      

180


Mirzoev, Rustam

Tajik economist Rustam Qurbonovich Mirzoev was born in

Dushanbe on January 28, 1942.

Mirzoev graduated from the Moscow Institute of Agriculture in

1969, and received his doctorate in economics in 1984. From 1969 to

1972, he taught industrial economics at Tajikistan State University.

From 1972 to 1975, he was the Head of the Committee on Prices at the

Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic. Between 1975 and 1977, he was a

Junior, then Senior Scientific Worker at the Academy of Sciences of

Tajikistan. In 1977, he became the Instructions Director of the

Production Division of the same institution.

Mirzoev's research deals with discovering generative methods for

the production of industrial goods, methods for increasing public

utilities, and ways for putting reservoirs of labor to work. Mirzoev's

contributions include Nauchno-tekhnicheskii progress i povishenie

effektivnosti proizvodstva (Scientific-Technical Progress and the Rise in

Production Benefits, Dushanbe, 1982).

Mirzozoda, Kholiq

Tajik intellectual Kholiq Mirzozoda was born on May 11, 1911, into

a family of poor farmers in the village of Ravonak, near Samarqand. He

joined the CPSU in 1946.

Mirzozoda graduated from the Philology Department of Samarqand

State University in 1935, after which he relocated to Dushanbe, where

he taught at the high school and college levels. From 1958 to 1959, he

served as the director of the language and literature division of the

Academy of Sciences; between 1959 and 1985, he served as the head of

the literature division of the Dushanbe Pedagogical Institute. Between

1987 and 1991, when he passed away, he was a professor at Samarqand

State University.

Mirzozoda's major works include Abu Abdullo Rudaki Asosguzori

Adabiyoti Tojik (Abu Abdullo Rudaki, Founder of Tajik Literature,

1958), Adabiyoti Kelosiki Tojik (Classical Tajik Literature, 1958),



Aqoidi Ziddi Dini dar Adabiyoti Tojik (Anti-Religious Ideas in Tajik

Literature, 1966), Nuqta Nazari Ziddi Dini dar Adabiyoti Kelosiki Fors

va Tojik (Anti-Religious Points of View in the Literatures of the

Persians and the Tajiks, 1978), and Ta'rikhi Adabiyoti Tojik (The

History of Tajik Literature, 1976).

Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

181


He joined the Union of Writers of the Soviet Union in 1944 and

received a number of medals.



Muborakshoeva, Nazarbegim

Tajik politician Nazarbegim Muborakshoeva was born in the Rushon

district of Badakhshan in 1952.

Muborakshoeva graduated from the Tajik Agricultural Institute in

1974 and from the Tashkent Communist Party High School in 1991.

She began her professional career in a Shughnan kolkhoz, where she

served as agronomist. Between 1975, when she entered the Komsomol

organization, and 1983, Muborakshoeva was as an instructor in the

Badakhshan Komsomol Organization, both as the first secretary of

Rushon and of Khorugh Komsomol Committees. Between 1983 and

1987, she was an instructor at the Khorugh City Committee of the CPT.

From 1987 to 1991, she was the first secretary of the Rushon District

Committee of the CPT. From 1991 to 1997, Muborakshoeva chaired the

Executive Committee of the Rushon District Council of People's

Deputies. She became the chair of the same committee in 1997. A

presidential decree appointed Muborakshoeva to the National Assembly

on March 20, 2000. On April 17, 2000, she became the chair of the

National Assembly.



Muhabbatov, Kholnazar

Tajik geographer and philologist Kholnazar Muhabbatov was born

on June 25, 1943, into a family of workers in the village in Shul of

Gharm.


Muhabbatov graduated from the Dushanbe Pedagogical Institute in

1966 with a degree in geography and philology. Drawing the maps for

the Tajik Atlas, in 1970 he entered post-graduate studies and lived in

Moscow for three years. During this time, he wrote and defended his

thesis in economics. In 1977, he became a Senior Scientific Worker,

and in 1980 became the Head of a Sector. In 1990, he became the head

of the Department of Geography and Ecology at the Academy of

Sciences of Tajikistan. After defending his dissertation, he became the

Head of the Department of Geography and Ecology. Since 2001, he has

worked at the Center for Human Social Problems.

Muhabbatov's contributions include Inson va Tabi'at (Man and

Nature, Dushanbe, 1984); Tabi'at va Sarvati Kuhsor (Nature and the


Iraj Bashiri

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      

182


Wealth of the Highlands, Dushanbe, 1990); Tajikistan, Paris, 1999; and

Zakhirahoi Kuhsori Tojikiston (The Treasures of Tajik Highlands,

1999).


Muhabbatov has received several Orders of the Presidium of the

Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan, and was recognized by the

Professionals Unions of Tajikistan and of the Soviet Union.

Muhabbatov has traveled to Iran, the United States, India, China,

and the Netherlands.

Muhabbatzoda, Mehmon

Tajik creative artist Mehmon Bakhti Muhabbatzoda was born on

March 25, 1941, in the village of Shul in the district of Gharm. His

early education was in the Shul region.

He graduated from the State Pedagogical University Named after

Shevchenko with a degree in history and philology. Between 1963 and

1973, he worked in the division of literature and drama of television,

and later in the youth division. From September 1973 to June 1975, he

studied literature at the Gorkii Institute in Moscow. Between 1978 and

1980, he was the Director of the Tursunzoda Scholars' House. Between

1981 and 1991, he assisted the creative youth of Tajikistan at the Union

of Writers of Tajikistan. From 1991 to the present, he has been the

director of the Office of Promotion of Literature at the Union of Writers

of Tajikistan. At the same time, from 2000 to 2001, he was the head of

the Translation Division and the Publication Apparata of the Supreme

Soviet of the Republic. Between 1995 and 2000, Muhabbatzoda was a

member of the Parliament and the Head of the Committee on Culture.

Muhabatov's poetic career began in the 1960s. His contributions

include "Korvoni Dusti" ("Friendship Caravan," 1968), "Nuqra

Rahmatova Misaroyad" ("Nuqra Rahmatova Composes," 1970),

"Lahzai Jovid" ("The Eternal Moment," 1967), "Mushtoqi Muloqot"

("Eager for the Meeting," 1969), "Javoni Ai Javoni" ("Youth, Ah

Youth," 1973), "Rohzan va Kuzagar" ("The Thief and the Potter,"

1974). Between 1981 and 1987, he published two collections of short

stories, entitled Ohi Sabuk (Light Sigh) and Ruhi Tavono (Able Soul).

His other contributions include Khayoli Shirin (Sweet Images,

Dushanbe, 1987); Shoh Ismo'ili Somoni (Samanid Shah Isma'il, 1999);

and Firdavsi (Firdowsi, Tehran, 1999).



Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century


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