P rominent t ajik f igures of the


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Zafari, 1937; Firuz in Lola (Lola), by S. Balasanian and S. Urbakh,

1941; Nazir in Shurishi Vose' (The Vose' Uprising), by S. Balasanian,

1944; Onigin in Evgini Onigin  (Evgeni Onegin), by P. I. Tchaikovsky,

1946; Rigoletto in Rigoletto (Rigoletto), by G. Verdi, 1953; Vali in



Arshin Mololon (Arshin Malalan), by Hojibekov, 1955; Akram in Pulod

va Gulru (Pulad and Gulru), by Saifuddinov, 1957; and others.

Between 1961 and 1962, he worked at the Lahuti State Academy of

Dramatic Arts. In 1963, he turned to teaching to transfer his skills to the

younger generation of artists.

Mulloqandov became a People's Artist of Tajikistan in 1941. He also

received the Red Banner of Labor, two Orders of the Badge of Honor,

and a number of other medals.

Mu'min Qano'at

See Qano'atov, Mu'min.



Murodi, Ali Muhammad

Tajik poet Ali Muhammad Murodi was born in Khatlan in 1945.

Upon his graduation from Tajikistan State University in 1969, he

entered the teaching profession. From there he went into journalism

and, eventually, following Bozor Sobir, he became a poet.

Murodi's first collection of poems, Ob va Obodoni (Water and



Rehabilitation), was published in 1980. His other contributions include

Dasti Nihol (The Hand of the Sapling, 1983), Nozi Navruz (The

Coquetry of the New Year, 1988), and Rohi Ruh (The Path of the Soul,

1993).


Murodi joined the Union of Writers of Tajikistan in 1987.

Murodov, Jurabek

Tajik singer and composer Jurabek Murodov was born on December

24, 1942, in the village of Kurud in the Aini district of Leninabad. He

joined the CPSU in 1967.

A student of Hoji Abulaziz and Boymuhammad Niyozov, he knows

the intricacies of classical songs more than any of the other composers.

Murodov graduated from Leninabad Pedagogical Institute in 1962.

He spent the next year teaching at the same institute. In 1963, he

became a soloist for the Tajik Philharmonic Society. In 1993, he

became a soloist at the Khujand Theater Named After Kamal Khujandi.



Iraj Bashiri

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      

192


His immense abilities as a singer and conductor date to that time. His

repertoire is rich and varied. In the main, however, he deals with lyric

songs, popular ditties, and the music that belong to all the peoples of the

Soviet Union. His themes include praise of the motherland, the beauties

of nature, love and kindness, youth, ethics, and sadness and happiness.

Among these, there is a series based on the poetry of M. Tursunzoda,

including "Vatan("Homeland"), "Dili Modar" ("A Mother's Heart"),

"Norizo" ("Dissatisfied"), "Ohanrabo" ("Magnet"), "Oshiyoni Baland"

("Lofty Nest"), "Munojot" ("Incantation"), and "Savti Miskin" ("The

Voice of the Poor"), which are well-known. Other songs based on the

works of medieval masters include "Khush Naboshad" ("It Would Not

be Pleasant") and "Didori Yor" ("The Sight of the Beloved"), by Hafiz

of Shiraz, "Ramzi Shunav" ("Listen to a Secret"), by Jalol al-Din Rumi,

and "Guli Sadbarg" ("A Hundred Petalled Flower"), by B. Rahimzoda.

Murodov is an insightful and innovative composer. He has

incorporated the essence of the classical and popular music of the Tajiks

into more than one hundred songs. His poetry revives the works of

Sharif Juroev, himself an icon in the eyes of his peers. In addition,

Murodov has revived some of the old songs. More importantly, he has

enhanced some of the songs that were originally not as forceful as they

could have been. A collection of his songs was published in 1982 in

Dushanbe. It was called Surudhoi Jurobek Murodov (Jurobek

Murodov's Songs).

Murodov is one of the most well-known singers of classical and

popular Tajik songs. He received the Lenin Komsomol Prize in 1975,

and became a People's Artist of the Soviet Union in 1979. He also

received the Badge of Honor and won the Rudaki State Prize in 1987. In

addition, he received the Red Banner of Courage and the Honorary

Order of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of Tajikistan.

Murodov has traveled to Iran, Iraq, Afghanistan, Belgium, India,

Canada, United States, Yemen, Pakistan, Syria, and Japan.

Murodov, Mukhtor

Tajik anesthesiologist Mukhtor Qodirovich Murodov was born in the

village of Khamirjuy in Konibodom on February 20, 1936.

Between 1959, when he graduated from Tajikistan State Medical

Institute, and 1964, he served as doctor of anesthesiology and

reanimatology of the Republic working at TB Hospital No. 1. Between



Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

193


1964 and 1967, he became an intern in the Department of General

Surgery. He earned a doctorate degree in anesthesiology and in

reanimatology in 1970. He became a professor in 1974. Between 1974

and 1978, he was the Director of the Anesthesiology and

Reanimatology Department of the Tajikistan State Medical Institute. In

1978, he became the Director of the same institute.

Murodov was instrumental in introducing new technologies for the

care of the aged and for artificial limbs. Murodov's research deals with

pathogeny and care of difficulties in breathing after surgery and with

pathophyiological changes in very grave cases. Murodov's contributions

include Diagnostika i lechenie milliarnogo atelektaza liogkikh

(Diagnosis and Treatment of the Diseases of the Lung, Dushanbe,

1973).

Murtazoev, Bakhtiyor

Tajik poet and journalist Bakhtiyor Murtazoev, also referred to as

Murtazoev Buri, was born into a family of workers in the village of

Yabuz in Qabodion on May 23, 1940. He joined the CPSU in 1970.

Murtazoev graduated from Tajikistan State University with a degree

in Tajiki language and literature in 1963. Between 1963 and 1967, he

worked at Komsomoli Tojikiston. From 1986 to 1991, he worked first

for Adabiyot va San'at (until 1986), then for Sadoi Sharq. Beginning in

1991, he served the Associate Editor for the state newspaper, Sadoi

Mardum.

Murtazoev's first stories appeared in the Tajik press in the 1960s. His

contributions include "Qasidai Barodari" ("Ode to Brotherhood," 1975),

"Jon Bokhtai Rohati" ("Dead for Leisure," 1975), and "Chinor dar

Soloni" ("The Plane-Tree of Soloni," 1983). This latter work deals with

the contributions of the Tajiks to the construction of the Baikal-Amur

railway. His other contributions include "Odami Javhardor" ("A Man of

Substance," 1983), "Jui Navdiz" ("The Nadiz Stream," 1984), "Ihyoi

Bishkent" ("The Revival of Bishkent," 1984), and "Chasmhai Oftob"

("The Source of the Sun," 1987).

Murtazoev joined the Union of Writers of the Soviet Union in 1983.

He won the Order of the Red Star.



Murtazoev Buri

See Murtazoev, Bakhtiyor.



Iraj Bashiri

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      

194


Musoeva, Rafiqa

Tajik politician Rafiqa Musoeva was born in 1953.

Musoeva received her engineering degree from the Moscow Institute

of Engineers of Civil Aviation in 1979, then became a Lecturer at the

Tajik Politechnical Institute. She was appointed Secretary of the Central

Committee of the Komsomol of Tajikistan in 1980, and First Secretary

of the Central District of the Dushanbe CPT Committee in 1987. She

was elected to the Parliament in 1989 and to the Parliament's successor,

the National Assembly, in 1994. In the same year, she also became the

Chair of the State Building Committee of the Tajik Congress (Majlisi



Oli). Since 1995, Musoeva has been a leading figure in the CPT, as well

as in the Tajik Congress.



Musulmonqulov, Rahim

Tajik literary critic and linguist Rahim Musulmonqulov was born

into a farmer's family in the village of Yovuz in Qadodian on January

21, 1938.

Musulmonqulov graduated from Tajikistan State University in 1962,

and became a Scientific Worker in Arabic in 1963. Between 1967 and

1979, he taught at the Department of Soviet Tajik Literature of

Tajikistan State University. He received his doctorate in linguistics in

1980, and became the Director of the same Department.

Musulmonqulov's first article, entitled "Nakhustin Povesti

Navisandai Jahon" ("The First Work of the World Writer"), was

published in 1960. It discusses a work of B. Ortikov entitled Ta'til

(Holiday). Musulmonqulov's works deal with the history of Tajik

literature and with the interaction among the intellectuals of

contemporary society and their predecessors. Musulmonqulov's

contributions include "Yodgori Mufid va Jomi'" ("A Useful and All-

Inclusive Souvenir," 1972), "Dar Borai Sokht va Mundarajai 'Badoyi' ul

Afkor fi Sanoi'ul Ash'or' of Koshifi" ("About the Structure and Contents

of Koshefi's 'Best Thoughts in the Art of Poetry,'" 1973), "Mafhumi

'Qasida' dar Sarchashnahoi Nazariyavii Asrhoii XI-XV" ("The Meaning

of 'Qasida' or Ode in the Theoretical Sources of XIth and XVth

Centuries," 1979), and others.



195

N

Nabiev, Abdukholiq

Tajik literary critic Abdukholiq Nabiev was born into a family of

farmers in the village of Revad in Aini, Sughd, on November 20, 1946.

He received his early education in the region of Sughd.

Nabiev graduated from the Leninabad State Pedagogical Institute in

1967 and worked there for a while. In 1967 and 1968, he served in the

army. He returned to the same institute after the war, and continued

teaching in the Department of Tajiki Literature as an Assistant

Professor. In 1981, he defended his thesis, entitled Mas'alai Pesikholizm



dar Nasli Muosiri Tojik (The Psychological Problems of Contemporary

Tajik Youth). In 1984, he was transferred to Dushanbe, where he joined

the Rudaki Institute of Language and Literature at the Academy of

Sciences of Tajikistan

Nabiev's scientific and creative era began in 1969, when he wrote a

series of critical essays on the stages of growth in the career of

professional authors. In these essays, he studied not only the depth and

the style of particular works of art, but the emergence of an author's

persona through the creative endeavor. In this vein, he presented studies

on the works of S. Aini, J. Ikromi, S. Ulughzoda, M. Tursunzoda, R.

Jalil, P. Tolis, F. Muhammadiev, U. Kuhzod, S. Tursun, M. Shakuri, A.

Hakimov, and others. He also wrote critical pieces about the plays

staged in the theaters of Khujand.

Nabiev's contributions include "S. Aini va Inkishofi Nasri Shavravii

Tojik" ("Sadriddin Aini and the Development of Soviet Tajik Prose,"

1978); "Ijodi Badi'i: Inson va Zamon" ("Artistic Creation: Man and

Time, Dushanbe," 1983); "Tasviri Olami Botinii Inson, Navisanda va

Zamon" ("Depiction of Man's Inner World: Writer and Time,"

Dushanbe, 1987); "Adabiyot va Naqdi Adabi" ("Literature and Literary

Criticism," Dushanbe, 1993); and "Narzulloi Bektosh va Ilm u Adabi

Tojikii Solhoi 20- to 30-i Sadaii Bist" ("Narzullo Bektosh and Tajik

Science and Literature during the 1920s and 1930s," Dushanbe, 2000).

Nabiev joined both the Union of Writers of Tajikistan and the Union

of the Writers of the Soviet Union in same year (1984).


Iraj Bashiri

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

196


Nabiev, Jurabek

Tajik composer Jurabek Nabiev was born in the village of

Ghulakandoz in Poletar on February 10, 1941.

Nabiev graduated from the Leninabad Pedagogical Institute in 1963.

In 1962, however, he became the soloist for the Republican Comedy-

Music Theater of Leninabad. In 1993, he established the "Durdona"

Dance and Music Ensemble. He became a professor in the Department

of Fine Arts in Khujand University in 1996.

His repertoire consists of more than 500 songs. He has at least 100

songs composed in the mughul mode exclusively for Shashmaqom. The

following musical modes: "Bebokcha," "Sarakhbori Oromijon,"

Bozurgoni," Ushshoq," Qashqarchai Ushshoqi Sodirkhon,"

"Mughulchai Dugoh," and "Guluzoram" are performed best in his

rendition.

Nabiev's voice is fine and his repertoire is rich and varied. It includes

not only Tajiki but also Russian, Uzbeki, Azerbaijani, Iranian, Indian

and Afghan songs.

Nabiev was a People's Artist of Tajikistan in 1980, and won the

Komsomol Prize of Leninabad in 1982. He holds the "gold disc" of

Melody for Tashkent in 1981, and for France in 1998. He also received

medals and the Honorary Order of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet

of Tajikistan.

Nabiev has traveled to India, Pakistan, Iran, Afghanistan, Kwait,

Germany, and Yugoslavia.



Nabiev, Rahmon

Tajik politician and Communist Party leader Rahmon Nabiev was

born into a farmer's family in the village of Shaykh Burhon of Khujand

on November 5, 1930. He joined the CPSU in 1961.

He served on the Supreme Soviet of Tajikistan from 1961 until

1992. He began his political activity in 1946 as the accountant for

Janovi Kolkhoz in the region of Khujand. In 1949, he served as a

technician for the village of Leninabad.

Nabiev graduated from the Tashkent Engineering and Irrigation

Institute with a degree in Agricultural Engineering in 1954. In 1954 and

1955, he was the head engineer for the Machine Tractor Stations (MTS)

of Isfisor. From 1956 to 1960, he became first the engineer, and later

the head engineer for the Khujand region. From there, he moved to the


Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

197


government sector and served at the Ministry of Agriculture of the

Republic. His duties in the Party began in 1961 as Acting Director of

the Division and then as the Director of the Central Committee of the

Communist Party of Tajikistan. From 1971 until 1973, he was the

Minister of Agriculture. Between 1973 and 1982, he was the Head of

the Cabinet of Ministers of Tajikistan.

Nabiev became the First Secretary of the Communist party of

Tajikistan in 1982. He was removed from the office of the First

Secretary in 1986 to serve as the Chairman of the newly formed Central

Council for Environmental Protection. In 1991, he was appointed

Chairman of the Supreme Soviet and, soon after, was elected the

President of the Republic.

Under Nabiev, Tajikistan became involved in a civil war. As a result,

he was forced to resign in September 1992. He resigned officially in the

16

th

 parliament in Khujand, and soon after, retired from politics.



Many articles by him and also about him have appeared in the

newspapers and journals of the Republic.

He was recognized with three Orders of the Red Banner of Labor

and other medals.

Nabiev died in March, 1993, in Khujand.

Nabieva, Rohat

Tajik historian Rohat Abduvahobona Nabieva was born into a family

of workers in Khujand (present-day Sughd), on November 6, 1936.

Nabieva graduated from the Department of History and Philology of

Tajikistan State University with a degree in history in 1959. Between

1959 and 1975, she served as a post-graduate student, a teacher, and an

Assistant Professor of history at the Department of Soviet History of

Tajikistan State University. She received her doctorate degree in 1975.

After 1975, she became the Head of the Department of Tajik History at

Tajikistan State University.

Nabieva's research is centered on the role of Tajik women in Soviet

society, their contribution to the labor force, and to the promotion of

agriculture and industry. Her contributions include Zanoni Tojikistoni

Soveti (Women of Soviet Tajikistan, 1967), Vatandustii Javononi

Tojikiston (The Patriotism of the Tajik Youth, 1969), Zanoni Tojikiston

(Women of Tajikistan, 1992), and Sahmi Zan dar Jomi'a (The Share of



Women in Society, 1999).

Iraj Bashiri

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

198


Nabieva received the Order of the Presidium of the Academy of

Sciences of Tajikistan, the Honorary Order of the Presidium of the

Supreme Soviet of Tajikistan.

Na'imi, Qodir

Tajik author and journalist Qodir Na'imi was born into a religious

family in Khujand on May 5, 1914. From 1929 to 1931, he voluntarily

joined the Red Army. He joined the CPSU in 1947.

Na'imi graduated from the Department of Journalism of Moscow

University in 1931. Between 1941 and 1945, he served as a translator at

the Russian Embassy in Iran. Following that, he worked for Bulsheviki

Tojikiston, Javononi Tojikiston, and Tojikistoni Shavravi. He also

served on the Committee for Radio and Television of Tajikistan. Na'imi

joined the staff of the Tajikistan State University in 1984.

Na'imi's stories were published in Bulsheviki Tojikiston as early as

the 1930s. His works include Man bo Shumoyam, Rohi Durust, Ruzi

Ravshan (I Am With You, the Right Way, a Bright Day, 1957), Solhoi

Sanjish (The Years of Comparison, 1982), and Namoyeshnomai Soli

Hazoru Nuhsadu Shonzdah (The Play for the Year 1916).

Na'imi joined the Union of Writers of the Soviet Union in 1984. He

was recognized as a Distinguished Contributor to Tajik Culture in the

same year. He was decorated with the medals and honors of the Soviet

Union.

Naimov, Mirzoodil

Tajik historian Mirzoodil Naimov was born in the village of Rarz in

the Aini district of Sughd on January 14, 1930. He received his early

education at the Aini District School No. 7, and his higher education at

the Panjakent Pedagogical Institute (1945-1947). He joined the CPSU in

1952.


Between 1955 and 1959, Naimov studied at the Tashkent Institute of

Politics majoring in history. From 1972 to 1988, he was the Director of

the Publications Department of Irfon Publishers. Thereafter, until 1997,

he was a Senior Member of the Institute of History, Archaeology, and

Ethnography of the Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan. In 1997, he

became a Professor of History at the Tajikistan Russian Slavic

University.


Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

199


Naimov's contributions include Bo Rohi Dusti va Barodari

(Following the Path of Friendship and Brotherhood, 1983), Asoshoi



Sosioliu Iqtisodii Baham Nazikshavii Millatho (The Social and

Economical Means for Bringing Nations Together, 1986), and

Ma'lumotnomai Mas'alahoi Milli (Monograph on Problems of

Nationality, 1989).

Naimov received the 100

th

 Anniversary of the Birth of Lenin Prize,



the Honorary Order of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of

Tajikistan (1962), and the Order of the Red Banner of Courage (1970).




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