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Yusufov, Hakim

Tajik geologist Hakim Mustafoevich Yusufov was born in Bukhara

on

 

December 17, 1918. He joined the CPSU in 1945.



Yusufov graduated from Samarqand University in 1940. Between

1941 and 1945, he contributed to the war effort. After the war, he

worked at the Union of Geologists of Tajikistan. From 1960 to 1966, he

was a Junior Scientific Worker. In 1967, he became a Senior Scientific

Worker at the Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan. He received his doc-

torate degree in geology and mineralogy in 1984.

Yusufov's research deals with the structure of geology, the genesis of

collyrium (surma) and mercury (simab) mines in Tajikistan, especially

in the Zarafshan and Hissar regions. His contributions include Osnovnie

zakonomernosti razmeshchenia rtutno-sur'mianogo orudenenia v ze-

ravshano-Gissarskom rudnom poiase (Basic Regulations for the Place-


Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

351


ment of the Simob and Surma Mines in the System of Mines of Hissar

and Zaravshan, Dushanbe, 1978).

Yusufov is a recipient of the Order of the Red Star in 1944.



Yusufova, Sorojon

Tajik geologist Sorojon Yusufova was born in Bukhara on May 5,

1910. She joined the CPSU in 1962.

Yusufova graduated from the University of Samarqand in 1935.

Between 1940 and 1943, she worked at the Institute of Geology at the

Uzbek branch of the Academy of Sciences of the Soviet Union. She

worked from 1946 to 1948 at the Institute of Geology of the Tajikistan

branch of the Academy of Sciences of the Soviet Union, where she was

the Head of Geologic Studies pertaining to coal and oil. From 1940 un-

til the end of her life, she was the Director of the Department of Miner-

alogy and Petrography of Tajikistan State University. Yusufova re-

ceived her doctorate degree in geology and mineralogy in 1948, became

a professor in 1950, and an affiliate of the Academy of Sciences of

Tajikistan in 1951.

Yusufova's research deals with the mineral properties and chemical

elements in clay and loam, and with their geo-chemistry. Her contribu-

tions include Mineralogicheskie osobennost liossov Sr. Azii (Minera-

logical Peculiarities of Central Asia's Yellow Dust, Moscow, 1951) and

Khususiyathoi Mineralogii Lioshoi Vodii Vaksh ( Mineralogical Peculi-

arities of the Loess in the Vakhsh Valley, 1985).

Yusufova was recognized as a Distinguished Contributor to Science

in Tajikistan in 1960. She died in Dushanbe on May 15, 1966.


352

Z

Zavqibekov, Gurminj

Tajik actor Gurminj Zavqibekov was born on May 1, 1929, in the

village of

 

Shujand


 

in

 



Rushon,

 

Badakhshan.



 

He joined

 

the CPSU in



 

1966.


Zavqibekov graduated from the Tashkent Institute of Theater and

Painting in 1954. In 1977, he became the Director of the Lahuti State

Academy of Dramatic Arts. Zavqibekov is partial to the portrayal of

positive, decisive, upright, and kind heroes. A realist actor, he tends to

distance himself from flights of fancy and hyperbole. The roles he has

performed include Frunze in Hurriat (Freedom), by Gh. Abdullo, 1964;

Ghafur in Boi va Khizmatgor (The Richman and the Servant), by Hamza

Hakimzoda Niyozi, 1957; Mach and Akbar in Rudaki (Rudaki), by S.

Ulughzoda, 1973; Urtaboev in the film Odam Pustashro Ivaz Mikunad

(Man Changes His Skin), directed by R. Perlshtein, 1959; and others.

Zavqibekov's contribution to stage include Saidali in Tufon (Storm),

by Gh. Abdullo and Sh. Qiomov, 1957; Kent in Shoh Lir (King Lear ),

by W. Shakespeare, 1957; Kamol in Man--Fakhriddinov (I Am

Fakhriddinov), by J. Ikromi, 1961; Rustam in Rustam va Suhrob

(Rustam and Suhrab), by Gh. Abdullo, 1967; and many others.

Zavqibekov became a People's Artist of Tajikistan and won the

Rudaki State Prize in 1966.



Zihni, Turequl

Tajik poet and author Turequl Narziqulov Zihni was born in Samar-

qand in 1892. He received his early education first from his father, and

later, at the schools of Samarqand.

Zihni graduated from the Samarqand Pedagogical Institute in 1919.

He proceeded to work at the same institution until 1935. Between 1940

and 1945, he taught Persian at Samarqand State University, and from

1956 until the end of his life, he was a researcher at the Academy of

Sciences of Tajikistan.

Zihni's first poems appeared in 1919 and 1920 in the monthly Shu'lai



Inqilob. His later works include "Omuzish" ("Learning," 1928); Tar-

onahoi Kudakona (Childish Songs, 1933); "Sanoye'i Badii dar Shi'ri

Tojik" ("Artistic Devices in Tajik Poetry," 1963); "San'ati Sukhan"



Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

353


("The Art of Words," 1970); and "Sukhanvaron Saiqali Rui Zamin"

("Speakers are the Polish of the Earth," 1973).

Zihni died in Dushanbe in 1983.

Zikriyoev, Faizi

Tajik historian Faizi Zikriyoev was born in Maschoh on April 10,

1937. He received his early education at a Soviet school in Maschoh.

Zikriyoev graduated from the Tajikistan State National University

with a degree in history in 1959, and became a teacher in the Depart-

ment of Sociology of the Tajikistan State Technological University. He

also served as a post-graduate, teacher, and Assistant Professor at the

Department of History of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.

Zikriyoev's contributions include "Komsomoli Tojikiston Baroi

Rushdi Tekniki" ("Tajikistan Komsomol for Development of Technol-

ogy," 1971), "Bahri Hayoti Osishta" ("Towards a Tranquil Life," 1970),

"Leninskii Komsomol v usloviyakh razvitovo sotsializma na materi-

alakh Tadzhikoi SSR" ("Progressive Socialist Conditions of the Lenin-

Type Komsomols in Soviet Tajik Situations," 1985), "Ta'rikhi Siosii

Khalqi Tojik va Jahon" ("Political History of the Tajiks and the World,"

1995), and others.

Zikriyoev has traveled in the former Soviet Union, mostly to Kiev

and Moscow in pursuit of scholarly activity.



Zikriyoev, Farhod

Tajik linguist Farhod Qobilovich Zikriyoev was born in the village

of Shaidon of Asht on October 10, 1940.

Zikriyoev graduated from the Leninabad Pedagogical Institute in

1961. For many years thereafter, he taught at the same institution. In

1985, he became the Director of the Tajiki Language Division of that

institute. He received his doctorate degree in philology in 1987. Zikri-

yoev's research deals with the complex sentence structure of Tajiki, es-

pecially with regard to literary style.

Zikriyoev's contributions include "Oid ba Vohidhoi Frazologia va

Vazifahoi Sintaksisii Onho" ("Concerning Units of Phraseology and

Their Syntactic Functions," 1976), "Jumlai Payravi Tarzi Amal va

Monandi dar Zaboni Adabii Tojik" ("Subordinate Active and Descrip-

tive Clauses in Literary Tajiki Language," 1976), "Zaboni Adabii Hoz-

iraii Tojik" ("Contemporary Literary Tajiki Language," 1984), "Struk-

turno-semanticheskie

  

osobennosti



 

tadzhikskogo partataksisa" ("The



Iraj Bashiri

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

354


Structural and Semantic Construction of the Parataxis of Tajiki,

Dushanbe," 1986), and "Grammatikai Zaboni Adabii Hoziraii Tojik"

("The Grammar of Present-day Literary Tajiki Language," 1987).

Zioev, Mirbobo

Tajik


 

actor


 

Mirbobo Zioev was born in Samarqand in 1910.

Zioev graduated from Samarqand Pedagogical Institute in 1928. In

1937, he joined the Samarqand Musical and Dramatic Theater Ensem-

ble. The roles that he has performed highlight his ability in creating

comedy. They include Madazim in Du Kommunist  (Two Communists),

by K. Rashin, and Petrov and Cheusov in Balvo (Riot), by D. Furmonov

and Polivonov. Zioev joined the Lahuti State Academy of Dramatic

Arts in 1937, creating such roles as Vali in Orshin-Mololon (Arshin-

Malalan), by Hojibekov, 1938; Bobo in Lola (Laleh), by S. Saidmuro-

dov, 1939; and Bobo in Shurishi Vose' (The Vose' Uprising), by S.

Balasanian, 1939. In 1943, Zioev worked at the Tajik Front Theater,

entertaining the troops. From 1946 to 1972, he performed satirical

pieces at the Tajik State Philharmonic Society. Audiences continue to

remember the many memorable characters that he introduced to the

Tajik stage.

Zioev became a People's Artist of Tajikistan in 1943. He also re-

ceived the Badge of Honor and other medals. He died in Dushanbe on

October 5, 1974.



Ziyo Abdullo

See Abdulloev, Ziyodullo.



Zohidova, Lutfi

Tajik ballet dancer Lutfi Zohidova was born on November 6, 1925,

in Konibodom. She joined the CPSU in 1957.

Zohidova studied at the Dushanbe Women's Pedagogical Institute.

From 1939 to 1941, she performed as a part of the Union of Workers

Ensemble in Moscow. She was accepted by the Tajik Ballet in 1941.

Her first performance was in Ihtiyotkorii Bihuda (Futile Caution), by

P. L. Gertel. During the 1940s and 1950s she was a soloist in theater.

During this time she performed some of her most important roles, in-

cluding Maria in Favvorai Boghchasaroi (The Rose Garden Fountain),

by B. Asafiev; Odetta in Kuli Quvon (Swan Lake), by P. I. Tchaikovsky;


Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

355


Laili in Laili va Majnun (Lyli and Majnun), by S. A. Balasanian;

Zolushka in Zolushka (Zolushka), by S. S. Prokofiev; Esmeralda

(Esmeralda), by Ts. Puni; and Dilbar in Dilbar (Ravisher), by A. S.

Lenskii. For some time, she was the Director of the Dushanbe School of

Choreography. After 1961, she moved to teaching.

Zohidova's performance is at once delicate and profound. In 1949,

her portrayal of Layli brought her the highest award conferred by the

Soviet Union. Zohidova became a People's Artist of the Soviet Union in

1957. She received the Red Banner of Labor, and other medals.

Zoirov, Podabon

Tajik dermatologist Podabon Toshmatovich Zoirov was born in

Kulab on March 10, 1941.

Zoirov graduated from Tajikistan State Medical Institute in 1965. In

1965 and 1966, he was an intern. Then from 1966 to 1970, he was a

post-graduate student. From 1970 to 1981, he was a Lecturer. From

1980 to 1983, he was an Assistant Professor and the Head of the De-

partment of Dermatology of the same institution. He received his doc-

torate in medicine in 1982, and became a professor in 1984.

Zoirov's research deals with the diseases of the skin and of the re-

productive organs. His contributions include Ekzema, neirodermit i pso-

riaz u detei v Tadzhikskom klimato-geograficheskom regione (Chil-

dren's Eczema, Neurodermatitis, and Psoriasis in Various Geographi-

cal and Climate Conditions in Tajikistan, Dushanbe, 1984).

Zoirov was recognized as a Distinguished Contributor to Health

Services of the Soviet Union in 1984.

Zulfiya Atoy

See Atoulloeva, Zulfiya.



356

357

Appendix I

T

HE 

A

CADEMY OF 

S

CIENCES OF 

T

AJIKISTAN

"Like a mirror, our Academy of Sciences reflects our society's level of

intellectual and scientific progress. It is tied to our people's understanding of

civilization and, therefore, will be the touchstone with which the people of the

world will judge us. Let it be a clean mirror; a flawless mirror, reflecting both

our understanding and our contributions."

Imomali Rahmonov

February 29, 1996

The Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Tajikistan (ASRT) plays a pivotal

role in the gathering, analysis, and dissemination of knowledge pertaining to

Tajikistan's foreign affairs, national interests, and the well-being of its nationals.

Nowhere is this statement better documented than in the following survey of the

activities of this crucial contributor to Tajikistan's prosperity, a record of the

activities of those who have carried out research and taught classes, as well as those

who have studied in the Academy's various departments, institutes, and affiliated

branches in Khujand and Badakhshan. The present study of the lives of teachers,

physicians, mathematicians, actors, directors, musicians, authors, poets, and many

other professionals in the republic would be incomplete without casting a critical

look at the working of the institution that underlies their inroads into uncharted

domains of the sciences and the arts. The Academy of Sciences, of course, is not the

sole contributor. There are many colleges and universities in Dushanbe, Khujand,

Kulab, and other cities that contribute to Tajikistan's fine cadre of scholars; in the

final analysis, however, the Academy of Sciences remains the most major

contributor.

The history of the Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan dates to 1951, when the

Tajik Research Branch of the Academy of Sciences of the Soviet Union--itself

based on the 1933 Tajik Research Station--was recognized as an independent

academic organization. Today, the Academy consists of three main divisions, each

of which is subdivided into a number of institutes. The three main divisions are: The

Division of Physics-Mathematics, Chemistry, and Geological Sciences; the Division

of Biological and Medical Sciences; and the Division of Social Sciences. In

addition, there are two affiliated centers in Khujand and Khorugh. As of 1998, the

Academy has 3000 members, including 880 scientific workers, 112 doctors, and

408 candidates of science. The Academy staff consists of 87 Academicians, 74

Corresponding Members, and 10 Honorary International Members.

The President of the Academy at the present is Ulmas Mirsaidov, Professor of

Chemistry, Institute of Chemistry. He was elected to the position in June 1995. His

predecessors are the founder of the Academy, Sadriddin Saidmurodovich Aini



Iraj Bashiri

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

358


(1951-1954), Sultan Umarovich Umarov (1954-1964), Muhammad Saifitdinovich

Osimov (1965-1987), and Sobit Habibulloevich Ne'matulloev (1987-1995).



Institute of Mathematics

The Institute of Mathematics and its computing center were founded in 1973. It

consists of the following 12 departments:

 



Theory of Functions

 



Functional Analysis

 



Equations of Mathematical Physics

 



Equations in Partial Derivatives

 



Integral Equations

 



Computing Mathematics

 



Mathematical Theory and Filtration

 



Hydromechanics

 



Modeling of Technological Processes

 



Mathematical Modeling

 



Mathematical Ecology

 



Technological Means of Information

The major fields of investigation in the Institute of Mathematics include

 

Problems Related to the theory of functions and function analysis, differential



and integral equations;

 



Physical, mathematical, and experimental bases of modeling of hydrodynamic

and thermophysical processes in capillary-porous media, open channels, and

industrial units; and

 



Mathematical models, algorithms and programs for solving scientific and

economic problems.

The major scientific results thus far constructed include

 



The theory of wide classes of two-dimensional singular, integral operators

with coefficients, paving considerable gaps in space, with weight, and the

evident formula for calculation of operator's indexes;

 



The theory of multi-parametric spectral asymptotic elliptic operators with a

spectral asymptote of linear polynomial operational bundles;

 

The theory of special classes of differential equations with singular



coefficients and peculiar integral equations;

                                                          

 The following is an edited version of the brochure originally published by the Academy of Sciences



of Tajikistan in 1988. Due to the technical nature of the research involved and the results reported,

many of the technical terminology remains the same as in the original.



Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

359


 

The theory of infinitesimal bends in surfaces with a point of flattening;



 

The theory of the system of equations of compound types; and



 

The mathematical models of hydrodynamic processes in porous media (soil,



underground layers), pipes, open channels, alpine reservoirs, and lakes.

The major scientific results thus far completed include

 

The theory of channel processes and methods of the hydraulic basis of



projects for strengthening the banks of mountain rivers;

 



The basis of automated (computer) morphological analysis and synthesis of

word forms of the Tajiki language; and

 

Mathematical models for the calculation of temporal intervals in different



processes.

Institute of Physics

The Institute of Physics was founded in 1964. It consists of 8 laboratories and the

International Center on investigation of cosmic rays.

 



Quantum Electronics

 



Physics of Phase Transitions

 



Dielectric Materials

 



Atmospheric Physics

 



Acoustics

 



Molecular-Spectral Analysis

 



Cryophysics

 



Renewable Energy Sources and Materials Science.

The major fields of investigation in the Institute of Physics include

 

Solid state physics;



 

Nuclear physics;



 

Optics and quantum electronics;



 

Acoustics; and



 

Physical technical problems of energetics.



The major scientific results of the Institute include

An investigation of intramolecular dynamics of cellulose fibers, the character and

types of motion of marked cellulose chains independent from their origin,

temperature and humidity was completed. The correlation of marks, motion, and the

degree of correlation of molecular dynamics with mechanical solidity of fibers were

established by the studies.

The following have been worked out: 



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