Samarkand branch of tashkent university of information technologies named after muhammad al-khwarizmi

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FTTH (Fiber-to-the-Home) is a type of FTTx (Fiber-to-the-X) technology that brings fiber optic cables directly to individual homes and residences. With FTTH, fiber optic cables are run from the service provider's central office to a termination point inside the customer's home or building. From there, a network interface device (NID) or optical network terminal (ONT) converts the fiber optic signal into a format that can be used by the customer's devices.
FTTH provides several advantages over traditional copper-based networks, including:

  • Higher Speeds: FTTH provides much faster internet speeds than traditional copper-based networks, with typical speeds ranging from 100 Mbps to 1 Gbps.

  • Greater Reliability: FTTH is more reliable and less susceptible to interference than traditional copper cables, leading to a more stable and consistent connection.

  • Increased Bandwidth: FTTH allows for greater bandwidth capacity, enabling service providers to offer new services like IPTV (Internet Protocol Television) and Video on Demand.

  • Distance Independence: FTTH can transmit data over much longer distances than copper cables without losing signal strength, enabling service providers to reach customers in remote areas.

Figure 1.2 FTTH point-n-fabric architecture
FTTH is considered the gold standard for broadband connectivity, providing the highest possible speeds and reliability for end-users. However, the deployment of FTTH can be expensive, requiring significant investment in infrastructure and installation. As a result, FTTH is often limited to urban or suburban areas with high population density and a strong business case for deployment.
FTTB (Fiber-to-the-Building) is a type of FTTx (Fiber-to-the-X) technology that brings fiber optic cables directly to a multi-dwelling unit or office building, typically up to a centralized distribution point or server room. From there, copper or other media can be used to connect individual apartments or offices to the network.

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