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SCIENCE  WITHOUT  BORDERS. Transactions of the International Academy of Science.H&E. Vol.1. 2003/2004 

 

2



International  Council  For  Scientific  Development 

INTERNATIONAL   ACADEMY   OF   SCIENCE 

                     H&E 

  

                          



 

 

 



 

SCIENCE  WITHOUT 

BORDERS

 

 

Transactions  

of  the  International  Academy  of  Science  

H&E 

  

Volume 1 

2003/2004 

  

 

 

ICSD/IAS H&E 

 

Innsbruck



 

 

 



 

SCIENCE  WITHOUT  BORDERS. Transactions of the International Academy of Science.H&E. Vol.1. 2003/2004 

 

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EDITORIAL    BOARD 



 

Chairman – Academician, Dr., Prof. Walter Kofler – President of ICSD/IAS  

H&E (Innsbruck, Austria). 

Co-Chairman – Academician, Dr., Prof. Elchin Khalilov –  President of 

ICSD/IAS-AS  H&E(Baku, Azerbaijan) 

 

 

       MEMBERS   OF   EDITORIAL   BOARD: 

 

Executive secretary – Academician, Dr., Prof. Vagif Salmanov (Baku, Azerbaijan); 



Executive secretary – Corresponding Member of IAS, Dr. Ph. Abbas Guvalov (Baku, 

Azerbaijan); 

Academician, Dr., Prof. K.Sudakov (Co-President of Russian Section of IAS/ICSD, 

Moscow, Russia); Academician, Dr., Prof. Michael Puritscher (Secretary general of 

ICSD/IAS H&E, Innsbruck, Austria); Academician, Dr., Prof. Karl Hecht (Berlin, 

Germany); Academician, Dr., Prof. A. Mamedov (Baku, Azerbaijan); Academician, Dr., 

Prof. O.Glazachev (Secretary general of Russian Section of IAS, Moscow, Russia); 

Academician of IAS E.Savoley (Berlin, Germany); Academician of IAS, Dr., Prof. 

S.Chibisov (Russian University of Frienship of Peoples, Moscow, Russia). 

 

 



SCIENCE  WITHOUT BORDERS. Transactions  of  the  International  Academy  of  

Science. H&E. Volume 1. 2003/2004, 462 

 

In the book are published the transactions of Full members and Corresponding 

Members of the International Academy of Science/International Council For Scientific 

Development, and the articles, presented by Academicians of ICSD/IAS H&E.  

 

The content of the book is interdisciplinary and covers the main spheres of modern 



natural science. During selecting the articles to the book, the special priority was given to 

scientific researches, which are at the joint of different sciences. 

 

This book is of interest for wide circles of scientists and students in different 



spheres of science.   

 

 

ISBN 9952-25-014-5 

 

 

ICSD/IAS H&E 

Innsbruck 

  


SCIENCE  WITHOUT  BORDERS. Transactions of the International Academy of Science.H&E. Vol.1. 2003/2004 

 

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C O N T E N T S

 

 

 

INTRODUCTION

……………………………………………………..…………9 



 

Kofler W.W. 

PROGRESS IN DEVELOPMENT OF A COMPREHENSIVE  

THEORY OF A HUMAN PERSON AS A SOCIAL 

BEING………………………………………………………………………..……...10 

 

Sudakov K.V., Glazachev S.V., Glazachev O.S. 

SCIENCE DOES NOT KNOW BORDERS …..………………….………………...15 



 

Khalilov E.N. 

AZERBAIJAN SECTION OF IAS/ICSD 

ACHIEVEMENTS AND PROSPECTS ………………………………..……….….21 

 

MEDICINE AND BIOLOGY 

 

Kofler W.W. 

HE NEED ON A “CRITICAL  EXTENDED EVOLUTION  

RELATED VIEW” OF REALITY  

AS A BASIS FOR AN “EXTENDED VIEW” OF HEALTH………………….…...27 

 

Pashayev A.M., Askerov J.J., Mamedov A.M. 

ATC DISPATCHERS’ BP WORKING AND 

CIRCADIAN RHYTHM SYSTEM   ANALYSIS………………………………….54 

 

Karl Hecht, Y.N. Savoley 

RHYTHMS, SYNCHRONIZATION AND RESONANCE…………….…………..67 

 

Karl Hecht,  Jürgen Rädler,  



Ines Schubert, Christian Maschke 

WEEKLY RHYTHMS OF PHYSIOLOGICAL PARAMETERS OF 

 SLEEP INVESTIGATIONS WITH A MOBILE, AUTOMATED  

AND MINIATURIZED SLEEP ANALYZER……………..……………………….72 

 

Sudakov K.V. 

SYSTEM DIAGNOSTICS OF STRESS  

AT WORK …………………….…………………………………………………….92 

 

Anokhin K.V., Ryabinin A.E., Sudakov K.V. 

THE ROLE  OF  MOTIVATIONAL AND REINFOR 

CEMENT FACTORS IN C-FOS EXPRESSION IN  

THE MOUSE BRAIN DURING FOOTSHOCK  

AVIODANCE LEARNING…………………………………………………………100 

 

Amiraslanov A.T. 

NEW APPROACHES TO MEDICAL  

TREATMENT OF PRIMARY MALIGNANT BONE TUMORS……………...….106 


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Gunter Runkel 

HEALTH SCIENCE, SEXOLOGY AND AIDS……………………………………115 



Jan-Lui Gariyon, A. Y. Grabovschiner 

QUANTUM  MEDICINE - THE MEDICINE OF  

TOMORROW'S  DAY ……………………………………………………….…….127 

 

Bahlul Aghayev 

THE  FIRST  PEDAGOGICAL  

UNIVERSITY  OF  AZERBAIJAN…………………………………………………135 

 

G. P. Gladyshev 

THE EQUILIBRIUM SUPRAMOLECULAR  

THERMODYNAMICS OF QUASI-CLOSED  BIOLOGICAL  SYSTEMS. 

EVOLUTION  AND AGING……………………………………………………….139 



 

Djafarov F. I. 

INTER COMMUNICATION MONOAMIENERGETICAL   

AND  PEPTIDERGICAL SYSTEMS OF HYPOTHALAMUS  

IN THE CENTRAL MECHANISMS OF BIOLOGICAL 

MOTIVATION……..……………………………………………………………….146 

 

Glazachev S.N. 

BASICS FOR ECOLOGICAL CULTURE…………………………………………155 

 

Dmitriyeva N.V., Glazachev O.S. 

POLYPARAMETRIC  METHOD AS A NEW  

TECHNOLOGY   FOR  EVALUATION  OF  

HUMAN HEALTH  STATE  AND  AUTONOMIC  

STATUS UNDER  STRESS.………….…………………………………….………168 



 

Mamedov A.M. 

"SYSTEM-QUANTA" OF THE  

PSYCHO-EMOTIONAL STRESS OF THE  AIR  

TRAFFIC CONTROL DISPATCHERS……………………………….……………183 

 

Allahverdiev A.R., Agayeva G.T. 

EEG OF ONE-YEAR HEALTHY CHILDREN IN ALERT STATE …….………..194 

 

Schröder J.H. 

HEREDITARY ALTERATIONS OF BEHAVIOR IN  

VERTEBRATES……………………………………………………………….……198 

 

Khalilov R.I., Ahmedov I. S.

  

 

OZON  DEPLATION  AND  INCREASED  UV-B RADIATION  



AS  AN  ENVIROMENTAL  STRESS  IN  PLANTS……………………………...212 

 

 



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Grabovschiner A.Ya.

 

 

QUANTUM MEDICINE: THE RESULTS  

AND HOPES  ISC  MILTA – PKP  GIT……………………………………………221 

 

 

EARTH   SCIENCES 



 

Khalilov E.N. 

ABOUT POSSIBLE  REASONS  OF  

VARIATIONS  OF GRAVITATIONAL  CONSTANT……………………….…...227 

 

Khain V.Y., Khalilov E.N. 

REGULARITY OF  SPATIAL- 

TEMPORARY  DISTRIBUTION OF  VOLCANO  ERUPTIONS…..……….……243

 

 

Goychaily Sh.Y., Ismailov T.A. 



EVALUATION OF  ENVIRONMENT IS ONE OF THE 

MAIN FACTORS  ON DETERMINATION OF  

ECOLOGICAL SAFETY……………………………………………………...……251 

 

Bagirov M.K., Hamidova G.A. 

UPGRADING OF НMPULSE NEUTRON LOG TECHNIQUE   

APPLIED FOR OIL AND GAS FIELDS DEVELOPMENT……………..…...……262 

 

Bagirov M.K., Ahmedov R.A. 

TO THE DECISION  OF A PROBLEM OF WATER-INFLOW 

AND SAND FLOWS IN OIL WELLS (BY THE EXAMPLE OF OIL  

DEPOSITS OF AZERBAIJAN)…………………………………………………….266 

 

Mammadov F.N. 

SOME ASPECTS OF SPATIAL STRUCTURE  

OF ZONE OF BENYOF IN THE CASPIAN REGION……………………….……273 

 

PHYSICS,  MATHEMATICS,  ASTROPHYSICS 

 

Aliev T.A. 

POSITION-BINARY TECHNOLOGY  

OF  ANALYSIS OF CYCLIC PROCESSES AND NOISES………………………277 

 

Guluev A.S. 

HYPOTHESIS  ON  TRANSNEPTUNIAN   

PLANET  AND  OBJECT 2001 KX 76…………………………………….……....287 

 

Allen  Simpson, E.N. Khalilov 

ABOUT  SOME   RESULTS   OF   

GRAVITY  QUANT  EXPERIMENTS  …………………………..……………….292 

 


SCIENCE  WITHOUT  BORDERS. Transactions of the International Academy of Science.H&E. Vol.1. 2003/2004 

 

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Marina Gigolashvili, Ketevan Janashia,  

Tengiz Mdzinarishvili, Levan Tvildiani,   

Kharadze E.K.

 

POSSIBLE DEPENDENCE  OF COMPLICATIONS OF  

VARIOUS TYPES OF ARRHYTHMIA  

FROM CHANGE OF SECTORAL STRUCTURE OF 

INTERPLANETARY MAGNETIC FIELD ………………………………….……294 

 

Salmanov V., Huseynov E., Maharramov V., Agaeva A.



 

TWO FOCAL MIRROR SYSTEM FOR COMPENSATION 

OF THE MOVING IMAGE OF AN INFRARED TELESCOPE…………………..300 

 

CHEMICAL  AND  OIL  INDUSTRY 



 

Garayev S.F. 

PROGRESS IN SYNTHESIS OF   

ACETHYLENE 1,4-DIOXANE………………………………………….….……...306 

 

Salakhov M.S. 

ROLE OF SPATIAL EFFECT  IN DIELS-ALDER REACTINGS  

OF HEXACHLOROCYCLOPENTADIENE WITH  

ANHYDRIDES AND IMIDES OF   

TETRAHYDROPHTHALIC ACIDS…………………………………………….…315 

 

Bagirov R.A., Guvalov A.A. 

ALTERNATIVE  WAYS OF NATURAL  

GAS SUPPLY OF AZERBAIJAN REPUBLIC...…………..…………………..…..324 

 

ARCHITECTURE  AND  CONSTRUCTION 



 

Mammadova G.H. 

THE TEMPLES OF SHEKI REGION……………..………………..…..………….329 

 

Odjagov G.O. 

MAIN DIRECTIONS OF RESEARCHES ON  

WORKING OUT OF NORMATIVE-LEGAL BASE 

IN EMERGENCY SITUATIONS OF NATURAL AND 

MAN-CAUSED CHARACTER………………………………………..…………...335 

 

Guvalov A.A. 

DEVELOPMENT OF THE COMPOSITION OF GROUTING  MORTAR 

LIGHTENED ON THE BASIS OF AYDAG ZEOLITE ROCK………….………..341 

 

S.H. Orujov  

ACTUAL SCIENCE OF DIRECTIONS OF ARCHITECTURE AND 

CONSTRUCTION IN AZERBAIJAN – METHODOLOGICAL 

PROBLEMS…………………………………………………………………………346 


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Pashayev M.S. 

SEISMIC  RESISTANT  SPECIAL  BLOCKS  

FOR  RESIDENTIAL  AND  INDUSTRIAL  OBJECTS …………………………350 

 

 



SOSIAL  AND  ECONOMICAL   SCIENCE 

 

 

I.H. Aliyev   

 

ABOUT SOME RELIGIOUS FAITHS IN 



ANCIENT AZERBAIJAN………………………………………………………….353 

 

 



Gandilov S. T. 

THE  FALL  OF  AZERBAIJAN  DEMOCRATIC  

REPUBLIC  AND POLITICAL  EMIGRATION……………………………..……359 

 

Michael  Puritscher  

ON COGNITION IN SCIENCE  

AND  EVERYDAY  LIFE …………………………………………………….……372 

 

Cyro Eyer do Valle 

HAZARDOUS WASTE IN EMERGING ECONOMIES A REVIEW 

OF THE PRESENT SITUATION AND FUTURE TRENDS………………..….....383 

 

Samedzade Z.A. 

ABOUT PRIORITY DIRECTIONS OF THE STRATEGY  

OF ECONOMICAL DEVELOPMENT OF AZERBAIJAN……………………….394 

 

Khalilova T.SH. 

SOME ASPECTS OF MAIN DIRECTIONS AND TASKS OF CONOMICAL  

REFORMS IN AZERBAIJAN IN 90-S OF XX CENTURY………………..……..404 

 

Hasan Guliyev  

MOHAMMED ASAD-BAY: TIME OF ACKNOWLEDGEMENT………………407 

 

Aliyev A.A. 

MAIN DIRECTIONS OF IMPROVING THE CUSTOMS PRACTICES ………...411 

 

NEWS  OF  SCIENCE 

 

Hillman D.C., Cornélissen G., Katinas G.S.,  

Berger S., Chibisov S., Halberg F. 

A 1.3- (TRANS) YEAR IN THE OXYGEN 

PRODUCTION OF A EUKARYOTIC UNICELL…………………………………418 


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Bohumil Fiser, Germaine Cornélissen, Kuniaki Otsuka,  

Sergey Chibisov, Jiri Dusek, Jarmila Siegelova, Franz Halberg

 

BLOOD PRESSURE AND HEART RATE READINGS FOR SOLAR  

SCIENCE AND HEALTH CARE………………………………………………….420 

 

Khalilov E.N. 

ABOUT LOGIGAL ERROR  DURING DESIGNING  OF  DETECTORS 

OF GRAVITATIONAL WALES AND METHOD OF ITS REMOVAL …………422 

 

Germaine Cornélissen, Elena V. Syutkina, Yoshihiko Watanabe, 



Robert B. Sothern, George Katinas, Tamara K. Breus, 

Sergey Chibisov, Earl Bakken, Franz Halberg 

AGE AND THE TRANSYEAR OF HUMAN BLOOD PRESSURE…………...…435 

 

Piero Faraone, Germaine Cornélissen, Alexander Kondratov,  

Boris Vladimirskii, Sergey Chibisov, George Katinas,  

Franz Halberg 

A  TRANSYEAR  IN  AIR  BACTERIA  AND  

STAPHYLOCOCCI…………………………………………………………………437 

 

Aslanov B.S.,  Abdullayev I.E. 

SOME ASPECTS OF POSSIBILITY OF PREDICTION  

OF EARTHQUAKES  ON BASE OF MONITORING  

OF NON-TIDAL VARIATIONS OF GRAVITY  …………………….…………..439 

 

Djafarov A.A. 

INFLUENCE  OF  ZEOLITE-CONTAINING  BIOADDITIVES   

ON PHYSIOLOGICAL  STATE  OF  THE  ORGANISM………………………...440 

 

Ayda-Zade Sh. R. 

APPLICATION  OF  THE  REMOTE  CONTROLLED  

MANIPULATORS  AT  EXTREME  SITUATION ………..……………………..442 

 

Kasumov Z.R. 

APPLICATION OF GIS TECHNOLOGIES IN  

THREE-DIMENSIONAL MODELING……………………………………………446 

 

 

     



Khalilov  E.N. 

     


INTERNATIONAL    INTERDISCIPLINARY     

      PARTNERSHIP  PROJECT GEOCOS……………………………………….….….447 

 

 

 



SCIENCE  WITHOUT  BORDERS. Transactions of the International Academy of Science.H&E. Vol.1. 2003/2004 

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INTRODUCTION 

 

The first volume of the book “Science without borders. Transactions of 



the International Academy of Science, H&E, 2003/2004”, has more than 50 

scientific articles. 

  

In the book are represented the articles of famous scientists of Austria, 



Azerbaijan, Brazil, Germany, Georgia, Italy, Russia, USA, France, Czechia, 

Ukraine, Japan. 

 

This book solves one of the main problems of ICSD/IAS H&E the 



exchange of scientific information and uniting of efforts of different scientists 

of the world for solving of the most actual problems of humanity. The book 

consists of seven parts: Medicine and biology; Sciences about the Earth; 

Physics, mathematics and astrophysics; Chemistry and oil industry

Architecture and construction; Social and economical sciences; News of 

science. 

 

Full members (Academicians) and Corresponding Members of IAS 



H&E from national sections of different countries have published their 

scientific articles in this book. Besides, there are the articles of scientists, 

presented by Academicians of IAS H&E.  

 

It is planned the yearly editing of the book “Transactions of 



International Academy of Science H&E”. 

  

The editorial board congratulates the representatives of all national 



sections ICSD/IAS H&E with publication of first volume of the book, and 

hopes that this effective beginning will have successful continuation. 

 

Editorial  Board 



 

 

 



 

 


SCIENCE  WITHOUT  BORDERS. Transactions of the International Academy of Science.H&E. Vol.1. 2003/2004 

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PROGRESS IN DEVELOPMENT OF A COMPREHENSIVE THEORY 

OF A HUMAN PERSON AS A SOCIAL BEING 

  

The starting point was a model to deduce the evolutionary process as the 

unintended [therefore not pre-determinated] consequence of intended actions of 

“restricted autonomous actors”. One of the consequences of the restrictions is 

complementarity of different abilities (according to the proposal of N. Bohr) 

and the conservation principle for the amount of the basic abilities. The 

autonomous actors (AA) are understood as enabled by abilities based on 

energy (to handle movement and observability - commonly associated with the 

epistemological term “realisation”) and “ordnendes 

Diskriminationsvermögens” [the ability to distinct and put distincted and 

valuated into an order as “discrimination ability, ability to organize etc” - 

commonly associated with the epistemological term “construction”; therefore 

the model can be seen from the epistemological point of view as an application 

of constructive realism, from the view of  ontology as an evolution based 

monism]. Any ability is assumed to be modified within the evolutionary 

process as we accept this for the energetically based abilites fields and physical 

and chemical powers  and their expressions as observable mass, form, structure 

etc. , the terms for the different levels of the ability which we use to handle 

with distinction and to bring the distincted and evaluated into an order we 

name “discrimination ability (non living entitiers), ability to organise (living 

beings), emotional ability (“Emotionsvermögen”), for living beings with 

organs) and  Kritik-Vermögen (for humans as social beings). 

With this model a differentiation between living and non-living entities is 

possible on the basis of the level of the “ordnenden Diskriminationsvermögen”: 



Autopoiesis of living beings can be understood as the use of self-oriented 

guidance of non living entities according to intention, but initiated by a (net of) 

entities which have learned that non living entities are limited too and select 

their priorities according to the given environmental setting which is changing 

an can be changed. These “higher” entities have learned to influence the 

relevance of the setting for the non living entities by using special chemical 

and physical conditions. They have learned to create such situation by building 

special structures (encymes, catalyst): If these structures are present and are 

brought close enough to the non-living entities then the non-living entities 

change their priorities in a predicable way. So the entities with this higher level 

of “ability to deal with information”  can initiate and stop processes according 

to their priorities, but because of the given intentions of the non living entities. 

[to handle predictable and unpredictable phenomena on the same entity I 

developed the so called “Petri disc-model” But my be I will have the 

opportunity to explain the model to you in more details]. If you accept the 


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“discrimination ability” of non living entities and a progress of this ability 

within evolutionary progress to the “ability to organize” which integrates the 

“knowledge” of the encymes and catalysts you would have a model to distinct 

between living and not living entities. [with this assumption the old question of 

Nobel laureate Muller would be answered about the “specific hetero-catalytic 

power” which he postulated for the determination power of gens]  

The “ability to organise” is understood as limited too, according to the 

basic assumption of limitedness. If all these assumptions are accepted, then we 

have to expect “causally unspecific health effects” of additional demands on 

the available resources. This is state of knowledge in connection with a lack of 

energetically or morphology based resources. But “causally unspecific health 

effects” have too be expected, too, in situations with a lack on the “ability to 

organize” - if the assumption of this additional quality should be a helpful 

invention [I assume with Einstein and Kant that a human person can only 

observe a segment of the real world and has to create valuations about the 

observed in context of evolution based given and experienced modified 

attributions. Therefore I follow the position of Einstein that any scientific 

theory is a free invention of the human brain with the goal to deal better with 

reality. Therefore “discrimination ability” and “ability to organize” are free 

inventions too.] 

Therefore I predicted causally unspecific health effects for an additional 

demand on “ability to organize” too. The phenomena I predicted should be 

easily to observe in borderline situation: When given pathophysiological 

deviations (e.g. arteriosclerosis) can be adapted adequately because of enough 

available capacity to organize, then the persons are free of symptoms but have 

relevant need of the capacity to organise. In situations with additional demand 

on ability to organize we should expect in such persons a lack on this ability 

for prior adequately balances processes. Therefore we should expect 

symptoms. This allowed handling the phenomena after environmental 

disasters, but many daily life situations with negative (and positive) health 

effects too. 

        This  contribution  was  awarded. My goal was to extend to model to 

qualitative aspects of the use of ability to organize to understand the interaction 

between cells, tissues and organs (organism) on one hand and the individual 

biological entity or the person (and the manmade structures like societies, 

languages etc) on the other hand. I could bring this process a relevant step 

forward.  

The key problem was to find an answer to the following phenomenon: 

All cells are “autonomous actors”, even the single cells in tissues and organs. 

This can be confirmed with experiments (e.g. with the cultivation of individual 

cells). But the tissues and organs are “autonomous actors” too: Even isolated 

tissues and (same) organs can be cultivated artificially outside of an organism. 

The healing of wounds and the physiological growing processes are confirming 


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this statements, too. But at the same time any higher living being is able to use 

these cells, tissues and organs like machines for their intentions.  Therefore the 

organs and tissues seem to be at the same time “pseudo-autonomous actors” 

for the autonomous actor “biological individual and person” and “autonomous 

actors” for themselves within their level of intentions as organs and tissues.  

There is another phenomenon we should take into consideration. 

Scientists can observe only the effects which can be observed by an outside 

observer. The key for understanding the observable processes of living beings 

are therefore often their interactions with the outside and therefore with their 

given reality. [This “reality” should be assumed as different according to the 

different levels of entities we observe.] From this point of view an additional 

difference has to be taken into consideration between the individuals (and 

persons) on one hand and tissues, organs and cells of these individuals and 

persons on the other hand: It makes sense to say: An individual can observe its 

reality by the use of sensory organs. But it makes no sense to make the same 

statement about organs and tissues: The have no other information about their 

“outside” then the information which is coming in a long cascade of 

translations and modification  – started with the basis external stimulus (e.g. of 

light)  going to the brain and from the brain with another cascade to the cells in 

organs and tissues. The organs and tissues have no possibility to get an 

“unfiltered” information about their external situation. This is in principle 

different to the position of the individual and the person: Individuals and 

persons have an  – restricted by the quality of the sensory cells – unfiltered 

information about their outside reality, organs and tissues not.   

The solution for the problem of the “pseudo-autonomous actors” which 

are at the same time “autonomous actors” should be deducible from the given 

model which allowed handling non-living and living processes within one 

scientific frame. Therefore it was to assume that cells, tissues and organs 

should have priorities and intentions too. But the level of these intentions 

should be different – according to the evolutionary age when they occurred 

first within the evolutionary process: Therefore the intentions of cells should be 

different from the tissue-specific intentions of cells and the organ- specific 

intention of cells in tissues. And these intentions should be different from the 

level of the intention of biological individual “homo sapiens Lineé” and they 

should be different from the human person as a social being with his final 

intentions.   

There is no reason why the brain should be able to oblige organs and 

tissues to act for intentions which are not part of the intentions attributable to 

the acting organs and tissues. (The proposed model allows such form of 

interactions just on the level of individual and higher). But the model allows 

the assumption that “higher evaluated entities” can motivate “less evaluated 

ones” for a special priority within the list of their given priorities of entities 

which is a intended function for the “higher entity” too. This is the 


SCIENCE  WITHOUT  BORDERS. Transactions of the International Academy of Science.H&E. Vol.1. 2003/2004 

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evolutionary principle which was assumed to be helpful to understand the 

autopoiesis of a living cell from un-living beings. But any cell knows the 

“trick” and can not be motivated for an action which is obviously against the 

self-oriented intentions. Therefore this principle can be used to explain the co-

ordination of the activities of single cellular to  act like a cooperative to solve 

problems of all integrated entities: The experiences of organelles in unicellular 

demonstrates: The efficiency of an action which is focussed to repeat a special 

type of function with specialised structures is much higher then the non-

specialist action. Therefore there are acceptable arguments to assume that 

single cellular can be motivated to build a multi cellular to solve problem of 

any individual cell. But this co-operation should take place just as long as it is 

needed to solve the common problem – like in cooperatives of farmers in our 

time. There are same phenomena in biology which confirm such a view (e.g. 

the “Schleimpilz” – a special species of Myxomyceta, a subspecial of amoeba. 

In the case of an environmental problem one of them emits cAMP and other 

amoebas with the same problem move to the emitter. They change their form 

according to different specialised cells and build a multi-cellular you can see 

without microscope. Each cell can play any role. After solving the problem the 

rhythmic emission of cAMP will be stopped. The specialised cells change 

again back to the form of the amoeba and move away.)     

This is an explanation for the autopoiesis of multi-cellular built by 

unicellular as autonomous actors. This principle can be to explain a 

hierarchical organisation of organs and tissues by the brain under special 

conditions: If the flow of information from outside of the environment to the 

single cell integrated into the co-operative is filtered and can be modified by 

the “central helmsman” (the brain) according to the needs of the helmsman, but 

at the same time according to the priorities of the “pseudo-autonomous actors” 

(organs, tissues) too, with regards to their assumption of their actual outside 

information.  The intentions of the “helmsman” can be (and will be) in 

principle different from the intentions of the organs and tissues. Using such 

argumentation the model would propose the possibility of multi-cellular with 

organs and organisms, if a net of cells (=brain) made the evolutionary progress 

from the level of the ability to organise to the next level. The must have learned  

•  to separate the function units from the external direct information 

(which is done by the skin),   

•  to modify the flow of information coming from outside in a way that 

just messengers give report from the outside situation (which is done by 

the physiological principle of the sensory organs and the translation into 

different “languages”)  

•  to be able to influence the intensity of the ingoing stimuli – which is 

possible by the selection of the ganglia and the principles of active 


SCIENCE  WITHOUT  BORDERS. Transactions of the International Academy of Science.H&E. Vol.1. 2003/2004 

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inhibition (Pavlov) and active enforcement (motivation – according to 

Anokhin)  

•  to transfer the so selected and in their intensity modified information in 

a similar principle of cascades to the function units. (So the cascade of 

information can be seen like a chain of stones of Domino, which falls 

down if you push the first stone, but in a dynamic way: The falling can 

be dynamically inhibited or touched by the “central helmsman”.) 

•  Then the situation can be given, in which the outside reality does not fit 

with the expectation of the individual brain about the outside situation. 

Then the helmsman can act according to his assumption only if he is 

able to produce the same follow up of Domino stones if he can start the 

chain by the sensory organ but without an external stimulus. And this 

paradox assumption can be confirmed by the biological facts: Any 

sensory cell can be activated not only by the specific external stimulus 

but by efferent innervations of the sensory cell – and therefore by the 

“helmsman itself!”. All sensory cells have afferent and efferent 

innervations! Therefore the brain can create an imagination of any 

“reality”. (In my paper of the Honour Lecture I have included good 

examples for this phenomenon)   

All this can be observed in the biological reality. So it is possible to enforce the 

“extended view” for the better understanding of the multi-cellular, the 

organism and the individual and the person. 




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