Slave music was first hymns & work songs. Slave music was first hymns & work songs


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Slave music was first hymns & work songs.

  • Slave music was first hymns & work songs.

  • Gradually it became reworked into an original form of expression.

  • Out of anguish, honesty, talent and self expression “the blues” arrived.



After the Civil War, the music became recognizable, although it still wasn’t called the “the blues”.

  • After the Civil War, the music became recognizable, although it still wasn’t called the “the blues”.

  • For many centuries the color blue was associated with the term melancholy.

  • But it wasn’t until the beginning of the twentieth century that “the blues” got its name.



W.C. Handy, singer, songwriter, bandleader, publisher, and instrumentalist, was one of the first to have “blue” notes in a composition that was published. “Blue” notes are flattened 3rd and 7th pitches of the scale.

  • W.C. Handy, singer, songwriter, bandleader, publisher, and instrumentalist, was one of the first to have “blue” notes in a composition that was published. “Blue” notes are flattened 3rd and 7th pitches of the scale.

  • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Gpp75gQ-T6Y



Ma Rainey, one of the first female stars, was born into a show business family in Georgia. She toured with the Rabbit Foot Minstrels and formed her own band called the Georgia Jazz Band.

  • Ma Rainey, one of the first female stars, was born into a show business family in Georgia. She toured with the Rabbit Foot Minstrels and formed her own band called the Georgia Jazz Band.



Bessie Smith was born in Tennessee in 1894 and orphaned at eight years of age.

  • Bessie Smith was born in Tennessee in 1894 and orphaned at eight years of age.

  • At 18, she worked with Ma Rainey.

  • In 1923, her “Downhearted Blues” sold 750,000 copies.

  • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BZVD8QqNoak ONLY PLAY 1 MINUTE



He was born in Texas in 1897. Blind at birth, he spent his time learning to play the guitar.

  • He was born in Texas in 1897. Blind at birth, he spent his time learning to play the guitar.

  • In 1925 his perseverance paid off when he cut his 1st record in Chicago.

  • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JXC1jjRCXtg



Between 1910 and 1930, nearly 2,000,000 African Americans left the south to head north.

  • Between 1910 and 1930, nearly 2,000,000 African Americans left the south to head north.

  • It was the biggest migration in American History.



The migration of bluesmen to Chicago resulted in a style of blues known as the “Chicago Blues”.

  • The migration of bluesmen to Chicago resulted in a style of blues known as the “Chicago Blues”.

  • The country blues of the Mississippi Delta region was being transformed.

  • Muddy Waters plugged in an electric guitar

  • Numerous Chicago blues musicians formed an upbeat driving blues sound.



California Blues

  • California Blues

  • Chicago Blues

  • Classic Blues Singers

  • Country Blues

  • Delta Blues

  • Louisiana Blues

  • Memphis Blues

  • Origins of Rock & Roll

  • Piedmont Blues

  • Rhythm & Blues

  • St. Louis Blues

  • Texas Blues

  • Urban Blues

  • Zydeco






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