Social – new Mexican identity – mestizo blend


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Social – new Mexican identity – mestizo blend

  • Social – new Mexican identity – mestizo blend

  • Political – rejection of dictatorship

  • Ideological – socialism, communism, anarchy

  • Religious – role of the church

  • Economic – land & labor reform



Communism – Karl Marx, resources are held in common

  • Communism – Karl Marx, resources are held in common

  • (ejidos)

  • Socialism – both private & public

  • Anarchy – no gov’t is needed







En mil novecientos diez,

  • En mil novecientos diez,

  • en la suida de San Luis

  • Expidio su plan Madero

  • Pa Porfirio combatir:

  • Empezo por Ciudad Juaez

  • A recorrer el pais.

  • Ah, que Madero tan hombre,

  • Le conozco sus acciones!

  • Derecho se fue a la carcel

  • A echar fuera las prisiones:

  • Virgen Santa ‘e Guadalupe

  • Lo Ilene de bendiciones.

  • Aqui me siento a cantar

  • Estos versos familiares:

  • Comenzare con la muerte

  • De Madero y Pino Suarez,

  • Que a Mexico traicionaron

  • Esas fuerzas federales.



Let us march, agaristas, to the fields,

  • Let us march, agaristas, to the fields,

  • To sow the seeds of progress,

  • Let us march always united, without fail,

  • Working for the peace of our nation.

  • We don’t want any more dissension among brothers,

  • Let us forget our ill feelings, friends,

  • Let the granaries be filled with wheat

  • And may our long-awaited redemption arrive.

  • I shall sing the song

  • Of the agarista,

  • It will tell you many truths,

  • Capitalist gentlemen.

  • This is the song of the poor

  • Who work in the fields,

  • Of those of us who sweat

  • To work our land.

  • For a long time we’ve suffered

  • the slavery of the vanquished

  • Until we finally could see

  • Our people together.



Carlos Chavez – composer (1899-1978)

  • Carlos Chavez – composer (1899-1978)

  • 1921 - Mexican nationalist music with Aztec themes

  • Elevates indigenous

  • musical elements

    • Rhythms
    • Sounds
    • Instruments


Colleague of Chavez



Mariano Azuela (1875-1952)

  • Mariano Azuela (1875-1952)

  • Los de abajo [the Underdogs] (1915)





LEADER: Gerardo Murillo, Dr. Atl (1875-1964)

  • LEADER: Gerardo Murillo, Dr. Atl (1875-1964)

  • Academy of San Carlos

  • Cooperative works

  • Murals, art for the public

  • National identity in

  • indigenous cultures

  • Art as a force for change

    • 1914 supports Carranza
    • against Villa/Zapata




















Details, Dartmouth murals

  • Details, Dartmouth murals













Ideas of the Revolution

  • Ideas of the Revolution

  • Education program of Vasconcelos

  • Music – corridos, classical – Chavez & Revueltas

  • Literature - Azuela & Guzman

  • Muralists – Rivera, Orozco, & Siqueiros




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