States and empires flourished in Africa during the medieval period, including: States and empires flourished in Africa during the medieval period, including


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States and empires flourished in Africa during the medieval period, including:

  • States and empires flourished in Africa during the medieval period, including:

      • West Africa: Ghana, Mali, Songhai
      • East Africa: Axum
      • South Africa: Zimbabwe


Axum

  • Axum

  • Location:

  • Christian Kingdom

  • History: King Azana of Axum conquered Kush (Nubia); grew wealthy from controlling trade between Africa & the Red Sea (spices, carpets, dyes, gold, ivory…)



Zimbabwe

  • Zimbabwe

  • Location:

  • City of “Great Zimbabwe” is capital of this rich empire.

  • Reached its peak of power in the 1400s; remnants destroyed by the Portuguese in the 1500s



Ghana, Mali, & Songhai

  • Ghana, Mali, & Songhai

  • Location:





Ghana, Mali, & Songhai



Ghana, Mali, & Songhai



  • Capital of Mali

  • Home of Mansa Musa

  • A Muslim/Islamic City

  • Muslims from all of West Africa came to the city to study at the universities.



Ghana, Mali & Songhai have lots of gold.






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