Support countries in complying with environmental commitments under cafta-dr


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Support countries in complying with environmental commitments under CAFTA-DR

  • Support countries in complying with environmental commitments under CAFTA-DR

  • Build local capacity for improved environmental management



Institutional strengthening for effective implementation and compliance of environmental laws

  • Institutional strengthening for effective implementation and compliance of environmental laws

  • Biological diversity and conservation

  • Market-based conservation

  • Improved environmental performance in the private sector



I. Institutional strengthening for effective implementation and compliance of environmental laws

  • I. Institutional strengthening for effective implementation and compliance of environmental laws

    • Improve environmental laws, regulations, policy and procedures.
    • Support capacity building so governments can enforce environmental laws.
    • Encourage public participation and transparency in decision-making on environmental matters.


Improve environmental performance of the private sector

  • Improve environmental performance of the private sector

    • Highlight the profitability of improved environmental performance.
    • Encourage adoption of world-class environmental standards (eg. ISO 1400) by firms.
    • Encourage government and firms to enter into voluntary agreements on cleaner production.




Wastewater Management

  • Wastewater Management

  • Air Quality

  • Sound Management of Chemicals

  • Cleaner Production

  • SERVIR



Problem: CAFTA-DR countries have weak wastewater pollution control standards and lack of legally defendable analytical results.

  • Problem: CAFTA-DR countries have weak wastewater pollution control standards and lack of legally defendable analytical results.

  • Problem: Low percentage of wastewater treated and high prevalence of waterborne diseases.



Help countries established and strengthened their wastewater pollution control standards.

  • Help countries established and strengthened their wastewater pollution control standards.

  • A total of 12 “key elements” have been identified to be implemented.





  • Central American wastewater laboratories have improved their Quality Assurance and Quality Control Systems.

  • Result = reliable analytical results

  • Developed operator training materials for maintaining wastewater treatment plants.



Compliance with environmental laws =

  • Compliance with environmental laws =

  • improvement in water quality



Problem: Urban air quality monitoring in CAFTA-DR countries limited or nonexistent

  • Problem: Urban air quality monitoring in CAFTA-DR countries limited or nonexistent



Training on air quality monitoring using PM-10 samplers.

  • Training on air quality monitoring using PM-10 samplers.

  • Selection of one country as technical resource for air monitoring data management, QA/QC and equipment maintenance.

  • Air quality monitoring equipment donation.



By end of 2010, 3.8 million people will benefit from operating PM10 stations in CAFTA-DR countries

  • By end of 2010, 3.8 million people will benefit from operating PM10 stations in CAFTA-DR countries



Mercury is a potent neurotoxin that can damage the brain, spinal cord, kidneys and liver.

  • Mercury is a potent neurotoxin that can damage the brain, spinal cord, kidneys and liver.

  • It is used in health care in products including thermometers, dental amalgam, lab chemicals, and preservatives.

  • Usage, breakages and disposal of mercury makes the health care sector a significant source of mercury pollution.



One gram of mercury (amount in a conventional thermometer) can pollute a 80 hectare lake.

  • One gram of mercury (amount in a conventional thermometer) can pollute a 80 hectare lake.



Complete inventory of products containing mercury.

  • Complete inventory of products containing mercury.

  • Development of protocols to address spills and disposal.

  • Training and education on mercury for hospital personnel.



New guidelines for purchase of mercury free equipment.

  • New guidelines for purchase of mercury free equipment.

  • Construction of temporary disposal site for products containing mercury.



Completed substitution of mercury containing products.

  • Completed substitution of mercury containing products.

  • 3,858 grams of mercury removed from hospital.

  • San Ramón Hospital and Caja Costarricence del Seguro Social agreement to eliminate products containing mercury.



Problem: Lack of environmental compliance by some private sector firms in the region

  • Problem: Lack of environmental compliance by some private sector firms in the region



Direct engagement of individual firms

  • Direct engagement of individual firms

  • Example: San Julian Agro-Industries in El Salvador



Loan Guarantee for clean production (US $300,000 loan package) for new equipment.

  • Loan Guarantee for clean production (US $300,000 loan package) for new equipment.

  • Technical assistance from the Salvadoran Clean Production Center.



New equipment = less pollution by San Julian.

  • New equipment = less pollution by San Julian.

  • Savings of $250,000 in electricity and raw material usage.

  • Certified by U.S. Food and Drug Administration (now exporting cheese to the U.S.)



5. Environmental Monitoring: SERVIR



KEY ACTIONS

  • Provide new products to help governments respond to extreme events and disasters.

  • Real-time event monitoring system to track disasters and environmental treats.

  • www.servir.net



OUTCOMES



Muchas Gracias USAID/El Salvador (E-CAM)





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