The 1990s Rock Music Goes On…


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The 1990s

  • Rock Music Goes On…


Styles of the 1990s

  • Alternative Rock

  • Grunge

  • Brit Pop

  • Pop Punk

  • Piano Rock

  • Nu/Industrial Metal

  • Post Grunge

  • Ska Punk



Bands of each style

  • Alternative Rock – Radiohead, RHCP, Jane’s Addiction

  • Grunge – Nivana, Pearl Jam, Soundgarden, Alice in Chains, Mud Honey

  • Brit Pop – Oasis, Blur, Pulp, The Verve

  • Pop Punk – Green Day, Offspring, Weezer, Blink 182, Presidents of USA



Piano Rock – Billy Joel, Five for Fighting, Ben Fold’s Five

  • Piano Rock – Billy Joel, Five for Fighting, Ben Fold’s Five

  • Nu/Industrial Metal – Korn, Limp Bizkit, Filter, Fear Factory

  • Post Grunge – Bush, Third Eye Blind, Matchbox Twenty

  • Ska Punk – Reel Big Fish, Goldfinger, The Mighty Mighty Bosstones



The 1990s

  • The ’90s began with a sense that people had to be less greedy and led less extravagant lifestyles.

  • The environment became a major world issue.



The Berlin Wall was taken down and non-communist West Germany and communist East Germany were unified into one country.

  • The Berlin Wall was taken down and non-communist West Germany and communist East Germany were unified into one country.

  • The Cold War was ended as Russia and the US were less hostile, and both countries began to scale down their stockpiles of nuclear weapons.



In America after the Reagan/Bush years a recession hit and unemployment rose while welfare payments shrunk.

  • In America after the Reagan/Bush years a recession hit and unemployment rose while welfare payments shrunk.

  • With the lack of compulsory voting in Britain and the US, this saw the return of conservative governments.

  • In1991, the Gulf War began.

  • Whilst Northern Ireland was still a unsettled environment.



The health of individuals and the planet became a major concern in the ’90s.

  • The health of individuals and the planet became a major concern in the ’90s.

  • Magic Johnson announced he was HIV positive and this had a large impact on society.



Labor Government

  • The Hawke government was replaced by Keating, in a time were unemployment was a major problem.

  • Then in the mid ’90s the Liberal government of John Howard took over.

  • In 1994 South Africa had it’s first democratic election, and Nelson Mandela became South Africa’s first black president.



The Music of the 1990s

  • The fist major change in rock music of the 1990s was sampling. This creates a problem of copyright as people who use samples often don’t own what the music or beat they are sampling.



Another trend of the ’90s saw bands from past musical styles reviving their careers, such as Cold Chisel.

  • Another trend of the ’90s saw bands from past musical styles reviving their careers, such as Cold Chisel.

  • Pop musicians such as Tina Arena, Savage Garden and Natalie Imbruglia all headed overseas and enjoyed success in the international marketplace.



Dance Music

  • Towards the end of the ’90s, dance music began to take over. It began using electronic sounds and samplers.

  • The basic sound comes from a 4/4 dance beat is also commonly used as a basis for indie/rock songs.



Grunge Music

  • The next major change was the emergence of Grunge music. Grunge music like punk in the ’70s would take rock music back to it’s raw rebellious roots.

  • Major international grunge bands were Nirvana, Pearl Jam, Sound Garden and Alice in Chains, all developing from Seattle, the birthplace of Grunge music.

  • Silverchair and Magic Dirt were Australia’s most successful band of this style.



The Grunge scene

  • Grunge (sometimes referred to as the Seattle Sound) is a subgenre of alternative rock that emerged during the mid-1980s in the US state of Washington, particularly in the Seattle area. Inspired by hardcore punk, heavy metal and indie rock, grunge is generally characterized by heavily distorted electric guitars, and apathetic or angst-filled lyrics.



The early grunge movement coalesced around Seattle independent record label Sub Pop in the late 1980s. Grunge became commercially successful in the first half of the 1990s, due mainly to the release of Nirvana’s Nevermind and Pearl Jam’s Ten.

  • The early grunge movement coalesced around Seattle independent record label Sub Pop in the late 1980s. Grunge became commercially successful in the first half of the 1990s, due mainly to the release of Nirvana’s Nevermind and Pearl Jam’s Ten.

  • The success of these bands boosted the popularity of alternative rock and made grunge the most popular form of hard rock music at the time. However, many grunge bands were uncomfortable with this popularity. Although most grunge bands had disbanded or faded from view by the late 1990s, their influence continues to impact modern rock music.



Where it started

  • The road had been opened in the late 1980s by Seattle bands Pearl Jam, Soundgarden, Melvins and Mudhoney, with four distinctive styles.

  • Many used grunge as a descriptive term rather than a genre term, but it eventually came to describe the punk/metal hybrid sound of the Seattle music scene.

  • Hype video

  • Soundgarden song



Characteristics

  • Grunge is generally characterized by a sludgy guitar sound that uses a high level of distortion, fuzz and feedback effects. Grunge fuses elements of hardcore punk and heavy metal.

  • The music shares with punk a raw sound and similar lyrical concerns. However, it also involves much slower tempos and dissonant harmonies.



Lyrics

  • Lyrics are typically angst-filled, often addressing themes such as social alienation, apathy, confinement, and a desire for freedom. A number of factors influenced the focus on such subject matter. Many grunge musicians displayed a general disenchantment with the state of society, as well as a discomfort with social prejudices.



Live Shows

  • Grunge bands rejected the complex and high budget presentations of many musical genres, including the use of complex light arrays, pyrotechnics, and other visual effects unrelated to playing the music.

  • concerts did involve a level of interactivity; fans and musicians alike would participate in stage diving, crowd surfing, headbanging, and moshing.

  • Live Sold Out Tonight video



Nirvana

  • For a while, it seemed there were nothing but grunge bands: Pearl Jam, Alice in Chains, Soundgarden, Mudhoney, Green River, Screaming Trees-- and virtually all of them hailed from Seattle.

  • Nirvana, with their flannel overshirts and ripped jeans and greasy hair, would be lumped in with the movement.



Nirvana songs don’t have all the actual attributes of true grunge music. Grunge, as we came to know it through MTV and commercial alternative radio, consisted of craggy and/or heavily reverbed, jangly guitars, mumbling ponytailed vocalists, and giant stadium drums.

  • Nirvana songs don’t have all the actual attributes of true grunge music. Grunge, as we came to know it through MTV and commercial alternative radio, consisted of craggy and/or heavily reverbed, jangly guitars, mumbling ponytailed vocalists, and giant stadium drums.

  • Nirvana are, a decade later, still regarded as the greatest and most legendary band of the 1990s. This band proved to a whole new generation that technical prowess has no bearing on quality, inspired their fans to seek out the music that slipped beneath the commercial radar



In September 1991, the band released its major label debut, Nevermind. The album was at best hoped to be a minor success on par with Sonic Youth's Goo, which Geffen had released a year previous. It was the release of the album's first single "Smells Like Teen Spirit" that "marked the instigation of the grunge music phenomenon." Due to constant airplay of the song's music video on MTV, Nevermind was selling 400,000 copies a week by Christmas 1991.

  • In September 1991, the band released its major label debut, Nevermind. The album was at best hoped to be a minor success on par with Sonic Youth's Goo, which Geffen had released a year previous. It was the release of the album's first single "Smells Like Teen Spirit" that "marked the instigation of the grunge music phenomenon." Due to constant airplay of the song's music video on MTV, Nevermind was selling 400,000 copies a week by Christmas 1991.

  • The success of Nevermind surprised the music industry. Nevermind not only popularized grunge, but also established "the cultural and commercial viability of alternative rock in general.

  • Nirvana song



The Smashing Pumpkins

  • Out of Chicago also came the only hard-rocking band that could compete with the popularity of Seattle's grunge: the Smashing Pumpkins

  • Siamese Dream (1993) gave the idea psychological depth and dramatic emphasis: languid melodies were delivered in a neurotic register by Billy Corgan while James Iha's guitar screeched a wall of noise.



Australian Grunge

  • Notable Australian albums of grunge included Magic Dirt’s Friends In Danger (1997), and Silverchair's Frogstomp (1995)



Seattle Grunge Bands

  • Alice in Chains

  • Blood Circus

  • Green River

  • Gruntruck

  • Hammerbox

  • Love Battery

  • Mad Season

  • Malfunkshun

  • Melvins

  • Mono Men

  • Mother Love Bone



Brit Pop

  • While the American mainstream was focused on grunge, post-grunge, and hip hop, numerous British groups launched a 1960s revival in the mid-90s, often called Brit Pop, with bands such as Oasis, Supergrass, Manic Street Preachers, Pulp and Blur, Radiohead among the front-runners.

  • For a time, the Oasis-Blur rivalry was similar to the Beatles-Rolling Stones rivalry, or the Nirvana-Pearl Jam rivalry in America.

  • Radiohead has since gone in a more experimental, less radio-friendly direction

  • Fountains of Wayne were America’s most popular Brit Pop band in the 1990s.



Indie Rock

  • By the mid-90s, the term "alternative music" had lost much of its original meaning as rock radio and record buyers embraced increasingly slick, commercialized, and highly marketed forms of the genre.

  • Many acts that remained outside the commercial mainstream became part of the indie rock movement. Indie rock acts placed a premium on maintaining complete control of their music and careers, often releasing albums on their own independent record labels and relying on touring, word-of-mouth, and airplay on independent or college radio stations for promotion.



the indie rock movement encompasses a wide range of styles, from hard-edged, grunge influenced bands like The Cranberries, Superchunk to do-it-yourself experimental bands like Pavement to punk-folk singers such as Ani DiFranco.

  • the indie rock movement encompasses a wide range of styles, from hard-edged, grunge influenced bands like The Cranberries, Superchunk to do-it-yourself experimental bands like Pavement to punk-folk singers such as Ani DiFranco.

  • Currently, many countries have an extensive local indie scene, flourishing with bands with much less popularity than commercial bands, just enough of it to survive inside the respective country, but virtually unknown outside them.



Pop Punk

  • One result of the 70s punk explosion was pop punk.

  • It can be still be heard in many artists today; the fusion of pop melodies and rapid-fire playing of instruments

  • Today, pop punk is used to describe modern rock bands with a heavy pop influence such as Green Day, Fall Out Boy and Blink-182

  • Blink 182 video

  • Green Day video



Post Grunge

  • Just like post punk evolved from punk, post grunge would also be a more easier to listen to version of its former style.

  • In the wake of Cobain's death a new style of music called post-grunge evolved.

  • Former Nirvana drummer Dave Grohl's new band the Foo Fighters helped further popularize the genre, and other bands such as Bush, Seether, Creed, Collective Soul, Everclear and Live helped cement post-grunge as one of the most commercially viable sub-genres of the late nineties.

  • Foo Fighter’s Song



Nu Metal / Rap Rock

  • In 1990, Faith No More broke into the mainstream with their success of the single 'Epic', which combined heavy metal with rap. This paved ways for bands like Rage Against the Machine and later Limp Bizkit, Korn, System Of A Down and Slipknot. This brought a fresh sound by combining rap and rock with much success. Later in the decade this style, which contained a mix of grunge, metal, and hip-hop, became known as rap rock and spawned a wave of successful bands like Linkin Park and P.O.D.. Many of these bands also considered themselves a part of the similar genre nu metal.

  • Faith No More song





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