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zirala-: v.t. to season with cumin.
zirapcha: splinter (s. tikanak).zirava
ziravor: (Persian) spice.
zirbak: meat, onions, and carrots
browned for use in pilaw.
zirh: (Arabic) armor (s. bron').
zirhla-: to armor, to plate with armor.
zirilla-: v.i. to shiver; to be frightened;
to freeze at the mere mention of s.t., to
have an aversion to. [zirillat-,
ziriqtir-: v.t. to cause to take off in a
zirk bot.: (Persian) barberry.
zirnix: (Persian) orpiment (used as a
hair remover and salve); a yellow dye
used in decorating do'ppis.
ziroat: arch. (Arabic) agriculture,
farming; crops.ziroatchi arch.farmer;
agriculture.zirofa arch.giraffe (s.
zirq-zirq: ~ qil- to throb with pain.
yuragi ~ qiladi to have one's heart lose
a beat (in shock, dismay).zirqilla-
zirqira-: v.i. to throb with pain; (dial.)
to scramble off, to run away pell-mell.
yuragi ~b ketdi to have one's heart lose
a beat; to have one's heart race.
zirqiroq: throbbing, aching.zirvak
ziynat: (Arabic) adornment, ornament,
dress, apparel. ~ asboblari/buyumlari
articles of adornment, jewelry.
ziynatla-: v.t. to decorate, to adorn.
ziynatli: adorned, decorated; beautiful,
ziyo: (Arabic) light; glimmer, shine;
ziyod: (Arabic) in excess (of), more
ziyoda: (Arabic) more (than), in excess
(of), superior (to).
ziyodon: (Persian) candle holder,
ziyofat: (Arabic) feast, banquet. ~ qil-
to have a banquet. ~ ber- to hold a
banquet (for s.o.).
ziyoli: educated, enlightened; member
of the intelligentsia. ~lar educated
members of society, the intelligentsia.
ziyon: (Persian) harm, injury.
ziyon-zahmat: injury, hurt.
ziyonchi: one that inflicts harm, curse;
ziyonchilik: inflicting harm, causing
injury; wrecking, sabotage.
ziyonkunanda: (Persian) pest, bane.
ziyonli: harmful; at a loss. ~ savdo
trading at a loss.
ziyonsiz: harmless; not entailing a loss.
ziyorat: (Arabic) (rel.) visitation or
pilgrimage to a holy site; visit to a
notable's gravesite; visitation, meeting.
ham tijorat, ham ~ said of one who
uses official business as an excuse to
conduct private business. ~ qil- to
perform a pilgrimage; to visit.
ziyoratgoh: (Persian) pilgrimage site; a
place frequented often.
ziyoratxona: (Persian) building that is
the focus of a pilgrimage.
ziyrak: (Persian) perceptive, sharp.
ziyraklik: sharpness, astuteness,
perceptiveness. ~ bilan astutely.
zlotiy: (Russian) zloty.
zmeevik: (Russian) coil, coiled tube.
znachok: (Russian) badge, pin.
znak coll.: (Russian) s. znachok.
zo'g'im: anger, spite. ~ qil- to show
zo'g'ota: hole in a shovel, etc. for
inserting the handle; corncob (s. so'ta).
zo'r: (Persian) strength, force, might;
effort; blow, impact; strong, mighty;
great; super. ~ ber- to put all one's
effort into; to focus on; to do
adamantly or determinedly. ~ kel- to be
difficult. ~ kelsa if there is no other
choice, if all else fails. zorim bor, ~im
yo'q I can ask, but I can't force (them).
zo'r-bazo'r: (Persian) just barely.
zo'raki: (Persian) forced, strained.
zo'ravon: (Persian) aggressor, tyrant,
zo'ravonlik: abstr. of ~ siyosati policy
of might makes right. ~ qil- to use
force, to bully.zo'ravor dial.s. zo'ravon.
zo'ray-: v.i. to become stronger, to
zo'rg'a: barely.zo'rg'atdan coll.barely;
by hook or by crook.
zo'riq-: v.i. to strain o.s., to be
zo'rla-: v.t. to force; to gain in force,
to become stronger; to rape. [zo'rlan-,
zo'rlik: abstr. of ~ ko'rsat- to use force.
~ qil- to prove too
zobit: obs. (Arabic) officer; conqueror,
zobitlik: abstr. of zobit; rank of officer.
The Central Asian Heritage Group ...
zodagon: arch. (Persian) aristocrat.
zodiak: (Russian) constellation or sign
of the zodiac.
zodiakal adj.: (Russian) zodiacal.
zoe: (Arabic) pointless, useless, vain. ~
~ qil-/Et- to waste.
zoelik: ~ tort-/ko'r- to be harmed, to
sustain harm (usu. neg.).zog'-zog'an
zog' zool.: (Persian) crow (s. (hech) ~
yo'q, ~ uchmaydi not a soul in sight;
zog'ora: corn or sorghum bread. ~
zohid: (Arabic) ascetic, Sufi.
zohidona: like an ascetic, monk-like.
zohir lit.: (Arabic) outside, exterior;
apparent, plain, clear. ~da outwardly.
zohiran lit.: (Arabic) externally,
zohiriy: obs. (Arabic) external,
zok: iron vitriol, iron sulfate.
zol 1: (Persian) adept, skillful.
zol 2: (Arabic) the letter /dh/ in the
zoldir: marble (s. voldir).
zolim: (Arabic) tyrant, oppressor,
despot; tyrannical, cruel.
zolimlarcha: s. zolimona.
zolimlik: tyrrany, oppression; cruelty.
zolimona: cruelly, tyrannically,
zomin: (Arabic) responsible, to blame.
zona: (Russian) zone.
zonal: (Russian) zonal.
zond: (Russian) probe. ~ sol-/yubor- to
send a probe.
zont(ik): (Russian) umbrella.
zoolog: (Russian) zoologist.
zoologik: (Russian) zooligical.
zoologiya: (Russian) zoology.
zoopark: (Russian) zoo.
zootexnik: (Russian) livestock
zootexnika: (Russian) (science of)
zor: (Persian) weeping, wailing;
entreaty, plea; strong need, desire. ~
qolgur Drop dead! xudoning ~ini qil-
to beseech, to entreat. ~ yig'la- to sob,
to wail. ~-~ yig'la- to weep bitterly. ~
qaqsha- to moan, to groan. ~ bo'l- to be
in need of, to be desperate for.
zora(iki): (Persian) if only..., had
only..., would that...zora-mora coll.if
zori: ~ qil- to entreat, to
implore.zorilla- coll.to speak piteously,
zoriq-: v.i. to be desperate for.
zorlan-: v.i. to beg, to beseech, to
implore; (rare) to pity. [zorlanish-]
zorlanish: imploringl, beseeching,
zorlik: abstr. of zor; desperation,
zormonda: (Persian) damn, blasted,
zot: (Arabic) offspring; individual,
person(ality); type, sort, thing. ~i oliy
great person. Er(kak) ~i men, males (as
a species). qiz ~i women, females (as a
zotan: (Arabic) fundamentally,
essentially, in essence; actually.
zotdor: (Persian) purebred,
zotiljam: (Arabic) pneumonia.
zotirriya: obs. (Arabic) s. zotiljam.
zotli: purebred, thoroughbred;
highborn, of distinguished background.
zotsiz: mongrel, crossbreed.
zovur: drainage ditch. ~ ol-/qazi- to dig
a drainage ditch.
zoyil: obs. (Arabic) ~ bo'l- to dissipate,
to go away.
zubr zool.: (Russian) bison.zubturum
bot.[podorozhnik bol'shoy] ribwort,
plantain (s. bargizub).
zud lit.: (Persian) quickly.
zudlik: quickness, promptness. ~ bilan
Zuhra: (Arabic) Venus.
zuhur lit.: (Arabic) appearance. ~ Et-
zukko: (Arabic) intelligent; pedantic,
zukkolik: intelligence; condescension.
zulf lit.: (Persian) braids on the
temples; hair or braids in general.
zulfak: (Persian) braids, ringlets, etc.
zulfakdor: having ringlets.
zulfin: (Persian) ring for attaching a
lock on a door.
zulfiqor: (Arabic) Ali's sword.
zulhijja: (Arabic) the twelfth month of
the Islamic lunar calendar, in which the
Hajj takes place.
zullisonayn: obs. (Arabic) bilingual.
zulm: (Arabic) oppression, cruelty. ~
ko'r-/~ qil-/Et- to oppress.
zulmat lit.: (Arabic) pitch darkness.
zulmkor: (Arabic) oppressive,
zulmoniy: (Persian) dark, obscure.
yoqut ~ s. yoqut.
zulqa'da: (Arabic) the eleventh month
of the Islamic lunar calendar.zuluk
zool.leech. ~ sol- to apply leeches.
zulukday: leech-like; jet black.
zulumot: (Arabic) pitch darkness.
zum: gulp (for air- disqualifies a player
of chillak); moment, second, instant.
zumillatar: chillak game wherein the
losing side must run as far as possible
while holding the breath.
zumla-: v.i. to run as far as one can
zumrad: emerald.zumrasha coll.child
that will do anything and everything
that is bad, rascal.
zumurrad: s. zumrad.
zunnor: (Arabic) rope girdle worn by
Christians and Jews under Muslim
rule; cross, crucifix; badge of office
worn around the neck by officials at
The Central Asian Heritage Group ...
zurriyot lit.: (Arabic) offspring.zuv-zuv
ono.buzzing, whirring noise.
zuvala: a ball of dough (sufficient for
making one loaf of bread or one batch
of noodles). ~si bir joydan/~si pishiq
made of tough stuff.
zuvalala-: v.t. to make dough into a
zuvilla- ono.: v.i. to buzz or whirr.
zvant coll.: (Russian) ~ qil- to
zveno: (Russian) squad, team, group;
smallest work unit of a state farm;
(coll.) the leader of such a unit;
zveno(voy)lik: abstr. of zvenovoy.
zvenovoy: (Russian) head of a zveno.
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