kelajak: future; the future. kelasi
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|kelajak: future; the future.
kelasi: following, next. ~ zamon the
kelbat: (Persian) figure, physique,
keldi-ketdi: people coming and going;
kelgindi: stranger, newcomer.
kelgusi: next, following; the future.
keli: mortar (s. o'g'ir).
kelib-kelib: finally, in the end, after all
(was said and done).
kelim: income, profit. ~-kirim income,
kelin: bride; daughter-in-law, wife of a
younger member of the family (she
assumes many of the responsibilities of
housekeeping as she is brought into the
husband's household). ~ ko'r- to have a
new daughter-in-law; to go to see a
new daughter-in-law during a holiday.
~ qil- to find a wife for one's son. ~ni
kelganda ko'r, sepini yoyganda ko'r
Don't judge s.t. until you have seen it.
~ barmog?i (bot.) a type of grape. ~
supurgi (bot.) Diarthron vesiculosum
(??). ~ tili (bot.) peppery waterwort (s.
kelinbaron: s. kelintushdi.
kelinchak: young kelin; young married
kelinchaklik: abstr. of kelinchak; s.
kelinli: having a daughter-in-law in the
house, having gotten one's son married.
kelinlik: abstr. of ~ka so?ra- to ask for
(a woman) to become the bride (for
kelinoyi: wife of an older brother; form
of address to an older woman married
to a close relative or friend.
kelinsalom: ceremony in which the
new bride greets the husband's relatives
the morning of the day after the
kelintushdi: stage of the wedding
festivities celebrating the bringing and
arrival of the bride at the husband's
kelish-: v.i. coop. of tili ~maydi to not
be able to speak well. tobi ~may turibdi
to be under the weather. qo'li ~adi to be
up to the job, to be able to pull s.t. off.
kelishgan: p.p. of kelish-; comely,
attractive.kelishik gram.case. ~lar bilan
turlanish (noun) inflection. ~ affikslari
kelishimli: comely, attractive.
kelishimsiz: s. kelishmagan.
kelishmagan: neg. p.p. of kelish-;
ugly, unattractive; clashing, unseemly,
out of place.
The Central Asian Heritage Group ...
kelishtir-: v.t. caus. of kelish-; to pull
off, to do a good job of.
kelishuv: v.n. of kelish-;
keltir-: v.t. caus. of misol ~- to give an
example. joyiga ~- to do a good job of,
to pull s.t. off well. [keltiril-, keltirish-]
kema: (Persian) ship, vessel; boat. ~ga
tushganning joni bir all in the same
boat together. ~ halokati shipwreck.
kemachi: sailor; bargeman, ferryman.
kemachilik: navigation, shipping.
kemasozlik: shipbuilding.kemik dial.s.
kemir-: v.t. to gnaw. [kemiril-]
kemirchak: cartilage, gristle.
kemirchakli: cartilaginous, gristly.
kemshik: missing one or both front
kemti-: v.t. to dent, to notch.
kemtik: gap, hole, broken off or
missing part; flaw, defect; flawed,
defective. ~ oy waning moon.
kenas coll.: arch. (Russian) prince;
stuck-up, imperious person.kendir
keng: wide, broad; spacious, vast,
roomy; extensive; widespread, general.
~ iste?mol mollari widely-used
products. ~ suratda/ravishda widely,
broadly. ~ xalq ommasi the general
public. ~ ko'ngli ~ generous. yuragi ~
kengash-: v.i. to confer, to discuss; to
consult. keng ~ib yirtiladi Wide
clothing takes a long time to wear out.
kengash: advice, consultation;
conference, discussion; council,
advisory board, soviet.
arch.advice; advisory body.
kengay-: v.i. to widen, to broaden.
coll.abundance, plenty; openness.
kenglik: width, breadth; latitude. ~ qil-
to be too wide. janubiy ~ southern
latitude. shimoliy ~ northern latitude.
kenguru zool.: (Russian) kangaroo.
kenja: youngest, smallest (sibling);
newest, junior. ~ avlod the new
generation. ~ guruhlar sub-groups.
kenjatoy: young one, youngster;
younger sibling, junior.kennoyi coll.s.
kelinoyi.kent arch.settlement, small
kepak: bran; dandruff. (s.
kepchik: a round, hand-held device for
fanning or winnowing grain.
kepka: (Russian) cap.
ker-: v.t. to spread apart. ~- to puff out
one's chest. qoshini ~- to raise one's
eyebrows. [keril-, kerish-]
keraga: the lattice-like lower frame of
keragicha: as much as necessary.
kerak: needed, necessary; (after V+
-(xat yozishim ~ I need to write a
letter; (after V+ -bo?lsa ~ must be?;
probably, in all likelihood, I guess so.
maktabga kitob ~ The school needs
books. nima ~? What do you need?,
What is needed? nima ~i bor? Why is
(it) necessary?; Why (must)?? ~ Emas
isn?t needed/necessary; shouldn?t,
there?s no need to?
kerakli: necessary; urgently or badly
keraklik: necessity, need.
keraksiz: unnecessary; useless.
keramika: (Russian) ceramics.
kergi: embroidery frame; brace for
holding things apart.
kerik: spread wide, open wide; full of
airs, conceited, arrogant.
keril-: v.i. pass. of ker-; to show off, to
strut around; to act haughty or
kerilmachoq: arrogant, self-important,
kerilmajon: s. kerilmachoq.
kerish- v.t.,: v.i. coop. of ker-; to strut
around, to act pompously.
kerk-: v.i. to swell or puff up (face,
kerogaz: (Russian) kerosene stove.
kerosin: (Russian) kerosene.
kerosinka: (Russian) oil-stove.
kert-: v.t. to notch; to chop, to mince.
kertik: notch; missing place or part;
space, cleft, gap; groove. ~ yeyilib
ketibdi. ~ qil- to break off a piece of
kes-: to cut (through, down, off); to
level (hill); to break off, to interrupt; to
fix (price); to sentence, to convict; to
reduce, to counteract; to circumcise.
achchiqni achchiq ~ar Like cures like.
badanimni sovuq ~ib ketdi I?m frozen
to the core. tok ~- to prune grapevines.
yo'lni ~- to waylay. bir ~ar a man of his
word, unyielding. tutgan yerini ~adigan
extremely ornery or difficult person.
[kesil-, kesish-, kestir-]
kesak: clod, lump of earth;
hand-shaped dried brick (s. tekkanga
tegib, tegmaganga ~ otadi s.o. who
picks fights with everyone. ~ bo'lib
qol- to freeze, to go numb. ~dan olov
chiqqandek said when an indifferent
person does s.t. unexpected. qorong'i
uyga ~ otgandek useless, pointless.
kesaki: (Russian) door or window
kesat-: v.t. to gibe with roundabout or
sarcastic language. [kesatish-]
kesatiq: gibe. ~ qil- to speak
kesik: cut (off or through); a cut, slit,
incision, etc.; cutting, clipping; erratic,
broken (noise).kesim gram.slice, piece;
section, sector; predicate. ko'ndalang ~
cross-section. uzunasiga ~ longitudonal
The Central Asian Heritage Group ...
[skazuemost?] ~ affikslari ??
kesish-: v.i. coop. of yo?llar ~gan joy
keskich: cutter; cutting (tool).
keskin: definite, certain, clear; serious;
sharp, keen, biting, intense; sharply.
keskinlash-: v.i. to become serious,
more acute, to intensify.
keskinlik: abstr. of keskin; sharpness,
kesma: strip, cutting, (cut) piece;
cutting (tool). ~ harf cutout letters??
truncated letters?? [razreznoy azbuka].
~-kesar obstinate or spiteful person.
ket-: v.i. to leave, to go; to go along, to
proceed; to go by, to pass by (time); to
be spent or lost; to go away, to
disappear; to move, to be sold; to
spread, to reach; to be okay or
appropriate, to work; to fit; (after +
(portlab ~- to blow up; charchab ~- to
be tired out; (after -tushuntira ~di He
began quickly to explain. arzonga ~- to
be sold for nothing. bu idishga qancha
suv ~adi? How much water will fit in
this container? dovrug'i butun olamga
~di His fame spread to the whole
world. issiq kunda palov uncha ~maydi
Pilaw isn't so good in hot weather.
ishdan ~- to quit work. ish sekin
~ayapti work is going along slowly.
ko'p vaqt ~di a lot of time has gone by
or was spent. rangi ~- to lose color, to
fade; to go pale. suv tekin ~di to be
sold for pennies. hushidan ~- to pass
out, to faint. [ketkaz-/ketkiz]
ket: backside, behind, back; tail, end
(point), the far end (of), the far side
(of). ~da qol- to be left behind, to fall
behind. bolalarim, ~imda qolinglar
expression meaning "Live long (after I
am gone)." ish ~ga (~idan kul- to laugh
at someone beind their back. oldidan
kelsa tishlaydi, ~idan kelsa tepadi said
of an extremely bad-tempered or
belligerent person. ~iga to/on back of;
behind, after. ~ida on back of; on the
far side of. ~idan after, following;
behind.ketir- coll.s. keltir-.
ketkaz-: v.t. caus. of ket-; to drive off,
to get rid of; to (make) lose (usu.
ketkiz-: v.t. s. ketkaz-.
ketma-ket: one after the other.
ketmon: a broad-bladed mattock or hoe
of Central Asia. ~ chop- to hoe with a
~ qo?y-/ur-/tashla- to swing or wield a
ketmonchi: one who wields a ketmon,
ketmondosh: fellow hoer.
ketmonkash: s. ketmonchi.
ketsiz: boundless, endless.
ketvorgan: fine, handsome,
dandy.keyin + danlater, after; then,
afterwards; end, finish; rear end. Eng ~
the last. ~ ket- to deteriorate, to regress.
~(ga) sur- /~(da) qol- to fall behind.
soatim ~ qolibdi My watch is slow.
ishdan ~ after work. bir yildan ~ a year
later; in a year. bir necha vaqt
o?tgandan ~ after some time (had
passed). undan ~ later, (and) then. ~-~
keyincha(lik): later, after some time, in
keyinda: coming right after, following;
in back. ~ qolgan behind, backward.
keyindan: later, afterwards.
keyingi: later, following, next; back,
rear(most); last; latest. ~ vaqtlarda
lately. itning ~ oyog'i (lit., the hind leg
of a dog) one in disrepute or fallen
kez- v.i./v.t.: to walk about; to stroll, to
wander; to traverse, to travel through,
to visit. [kezdir-, kezish-]
kez: time, season; moment. ~i kelganda
when its time comes. yoshlik ~lari days
of youth. ~i bilan in due time.kezak
kibernetika: (Russian) cybernetics.
kibor: obs. (Arabic) aristocrat, nobility;
proud, conceited. ~lar aristocracy, high
society. o?zini ~ tut- to behave
arrogantly.kibr-havo, kibru havoairs,
pride and conceit.
kibr: (Arabic) pride, conceit.
kibrlan-: v.i. to be proud, conceited.
kibrli: proud, conceited, vain.
kibrlik: vanity, pride, conceit.
kichik lit.: (Persian) small, little;
young; minor. ~ kelinoyi the wife of
the younger of one's elder brothers. ~
yosh young. ~ to?y engagement. ~
xotin younger wife (in polygamy).
kichiklash-: v.i. to shrink.
kichiklik: abstr. of ~ qil- to be or act
too young; to be too small. u ~idan
muzikaga qiziqardi He?s been
interersted in music since he was small.
kichiri: a kind of goulash (s.
kichkina: small, little, tiny.
kichkinalik: abstr. of kichkina; s.
kichkintoy: junior, tot, small fry.
kichray-: v.i. to shrink, to diminish.
kichrayt-: v.t. ~ish va Erkalatish
qo?shimchalari diminutive suffixes.
kifoya: (Arabic) sufficient, adequate. ~
qil- to be sufficient.
kifoyat: arch. (Arabic) s. kifoya.
kifoylan-: v.i. to be satisfied.
kift: (Arabic) shoulder. yakka ~ bo?lib
sideways. ~ini keltir- (coll.) to do well,
to do a good job of. ~li
kigiz: felt; felt mat. ~ Etik felt boots.
kilo: (Russian) kilo.
kilogramm: (Russian) kilogram. besh
~li tosh a five-kilogram stone.
kilovatt: (Russian) kilowatt.
kilovatt-soat: (Russian) kilowatt-hour.
kim: who? who, who(so)ever; some?
others. ~ing u, ukangmi? Who (lit.,
who of yours) is that, your brother?
uning sizdan boshqa ~i bor? Who else
does he have besides you? uning ishini
~ ko?rmasin, maqtaydi Whoever sees
his work praises it. ~ da-~ whoever. ~
somonxonaga ketgan, ~lar
omborxonada some went to the barn,
others (slept) in the storage shed. ~
oshdi savdosi auction. u ~ligini
aytmadi He didn?t say who he
was.kimarsa arch.s. kimsa.
kimdir: someone or other;
kimsa: person, entity, soul.
The Central Asian Heritage Group ...
kimsan: so-and-so, what's-his-face;
none other than... (with the implication
of superior status). ~ - oqsoqolning
xotini the wife of the elder so-and-so.
kimsasiz: without anyone; without a
kimxob: (Persian) gold brocade.
kimyo: (Arabic) alchemy; chemistry (s.
kimyogar: (Persian) chemist (s.
ximik).kimyogarlik obs.(practice of)
kimyoviy: (Arabic) chemical (s.
kin lit.: (Persian) enmity,
grudge.kindak coll.s. kindik.
kindik 1: umbilical cord; navel,
bellybutton; heart, center. ~ qoni
to'kilgan er/joy/tuproq birthplace.
kindik 2: place where the supports
holding up the middle of a tightrope
kindik 3: arava ~i joist on a cart.
kindor lit.: (Persian) holding a grudge;
kineskop: (Russian) television tube.
kinetik adj.: (Russian) kinetic.
kinetika: (Russian) kinetics.
kinli: s. kindor.kinna coll.the evil eye.
~ sol- to drive off the effects of the evil
eye (through spells, etc.). ~ soldir- to
have the effects of the evil eye driven
kinnachi: one who reads spells, etc. to
undo the effects of the evil eye.
kinnachilik: (specializing in) reading
spells and performing other rights to
undo the effects of the evil eye.
kinnakash: s. kinnachi.
kino: (Russian) cinema; movie, motion
picture, film;/coll.) the movies, movie
theater. ~ga tush- to go to the theater.
kinoaktrisa: (Russian) film actress.
kinoaktyor: (Russian) film actor.
kinoapparat: (Russian) movie camera.
kinoartist: (Russian) film actor.
kinobudka: (Russian) viewing booth.
kinofabrika: (Russian) [kinofabrika]??
kinofestival": (Russian) film festival.
kinofil"m: (Russian) film, movie.
kinojurnal: (Russian) newsreel.
kinolashtir-: to set up cinemas (in an
kinolenta: (Russian) film reel.
kinomexanik: (Russian) cinema
kinooperator: (Russian) camera-man.
kinoplyonka: (Russian) movie film.
kinoprokat: (Russian) film
distribution; film distributor.
kinorejissyor: (Russian) film director.
kinostsenariya: (Russian) film
kinostudiya: (Russian) film studio.
kinoteatr: (Russian) movie theater.
kinotomoshabin: movie viewer.
kinoustanovka: (Russian) film
kinoxronika: (Russian) news-reel.
kinoya: (Arabic) allegory, metaphor;
sarcasm; hint, allusion. ~ bilan gapir-
to speak figuratively. ~ qil- to speak
kinoyali: figurative, metaphorical;
kioska: (Russian) kiosk, stall, booth.
gazeta ~si newsstand.
kiprik: eyelash. ~ qoqmay/qoqmasdan
without getting a wink of sleep.
kir-: to enter, to go/come into, to get
into; to join; to be included in, to be
considered. shu yoshga ~ib having
lived this long, up to this age, so far in
(my) life. go'rga ~- to enter the grave.
erga ~- to die and be buried; to be
mortified (to want the ground to open
up and swallow you). paranjiga ~- to
reach the age of wearing the tushiga ~-
to dream of. [kirgiz-, kirgizil-, kiril-,
kirit-, kiritil-, kirish-]
kir-chir: dirty laundry (of all sorts);
kir: dirt, grime (on the body or
clothing); dirty laundry. ~ chayqa- to
rinse or wash laundry. ~ yuv- to do the
laundry. ~ o'ra pit for wastewater from
clotheswashing. ~ tog'ora laundry tub
(s. ~ yuvdi ceremony held the third day
after s.o.'s burial (the deceased's
clothes are washed and given to the
washer). ko'nglida ~ yo'q pure at heart.
kira: (Arabic) rent, hire (for transport);
(in) exchange, return (for). ~ qil- to
hire (transport); to make money from
hiring out vehicles or animals. ~siga
nima berasiz? What will you give me
kirachi: s. kirakash.
kirakash: (Persian) carrier, driver.
kirakashlik: carrying, carrier's trade;
rent of transport.
kirarli-chiqarli: coming and going,
here and there, now here, now not.
kiraverish: entrance, entranceway.
kirchi: launderer, wash-man or
kirdi-chiqdi: comings and goings;
uneven, crooked. ~ daftari accounts
kirdikor: (Persian) misdeed,
kirim-chiqim: income and expenses;
kirish-: v.i. coop. of kir-; to enter
upon, to undertake; to get along with,
to befriend; to shrink (material); to be
expended on, to be consumed by.
kirish: v.n. of ~ man Etiladi no
admittance, entry forbidden. ~ haqi/~
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